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Canada Picture By Terry Allen

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Canada has the 2nd largest land mass (9.98m sq km) in the world and is bordered by 3 oceans on the north, west, and east, and the US to the south Picture By Terry Allen

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Canada’s population, currently 33.39m people, is made up of 59.3% speaking English, 23.2% French speaking and the balance speaking other languages Picture By Terry Allen

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99% of the population aged 15 and greater are able to read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 80.34 years Picture By Terry Allen

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Being granted its independence in 1867, Canada’s Federal Parliamentary system is made up of the House of Commons (elected) and the House of Senate (appointed) Picture By Terry Allen

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The country is comprised of 10 provinces and 3 territories Picture By Terry Allen

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Given its abundance of natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern industrial infrastructure, Canada continues to enjoy a large trade surplus with the US, which purchases about 85% of Canada’s exports Picture By Terry Allen

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Canada has 4 major stock exchanges: The TSX (1598 listed companies); the TSX Venture Exchange (2080 listed companies); the M-X (located in Montreal); and the WCE (trades options and futures) Picture By Terry Allen

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United States of America Picture By Terry Allen

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US total area is 9.83m sq km, bordered by 3 oceans, Mexico to the south and Canada to the north Picture By Terry Allen

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US population, currently 301.14m people, is made up of 82.1% English speaking, 10.7% Spanish speaking, 3.8% Indo-European, 2.7% Asian-Pacific, and 0.7% other Picture By Terry Allen

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99% of the population aged 15 and greater are able to read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 78 years Picture By Terry Allen

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Gaining its independence in 1776, the constitution based federal republic is comprised of the executive branch (chief of state, government head, cabinet) and legislative branch (House of Senate and House of Representatives) Picture By Terry Allen

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The country is comprised of 50 states and 1 district Picture By Terry Allen

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In spite of it ranking as the #1 technological economy in the world, US involvement in the Middle East war and its reliance on imported oil keeps its trade balance in a significantly negative position (eg. US Exports $1.024t / US Imports $1.869t) Picture By Terry Allen

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US has 8 stock exchanges: NYSE (2767 listed companies); NASDAQ (5068 listed companies); AMEX; Boston Stock Exchange (41 listed companies); CNX (based in Chicago); NSX (formerly the Cincinnati Stock Exchange); ARCHIPELAGO Exchange; PHLX (located in Philadelphia) Picture By Terry Allen

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Mexico Picture By Terry Allen

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Mexico’s total area is 1.973m sq km and is bordered by 2 oceans, the US to the north and Guatemala to the southeast Picture By Terry Allen

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Mexico’s population, currently 108.7m, is made up of primarily Spanish speaking people Picture By Terry Allen

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91% of the population aged 15 and greater are able to read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 75.63 years Picture By Terry Allen

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Attaining its independence in 1821, its federal republic structure is comprised of the executive branch (chief of state, gov’t head, cabinet) and the legislative branch (the Senate and Federal Chamber of Deputies) Picture By Terry Allen

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The country is comprised of 31 states and 1 federal district Picture By Terry Allen

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Despite Mexico having the world’s 13th largest economy, 8th largest exporter of goods and services and 4th largest oil producer, it still battles a lacking infrastructure and a negative trade balance (eg. Mexico Exports $182.4b / Mexico Imports $253.1b) Picture By Terry Allen

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Mexico has 1 major stock exchange: Mexican Stock Exchange (131 listed instruments) Picture By Terry Allen

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Picture By Terry Allen Brazil

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Picture By Terry Allen Brazil’s total area is 8.512m sq km and is bordered by 1 ocean and several smaller South American countries

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Picture By Terry Allen Brazil’s population, currently 190.01m people, is made up of primarily Portuguese speaking people along with a sprinkling of people speaking Spanish, English, and French

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Picture By Terry Allen 88.6% of the population aged 15 and older can read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 72.24 years

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Picture By Terry Allen Being granted its independence in 1822, its federative republic government structure is comprised of the Executive branch, (Chief of State, Gov’t Head, Cabinet) and the Legislative branch (Senate and Chamber of Deputies)

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Picture By Terry Allen Brazil is comprised of 26 states and 1 Federal district

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Picture By Terry Allen Although Brazil continues to maintain its status as South America’s leading economic power as witnessed by its positive trade balance (eg. Brazil Exports $137.5b / Brazil Imports $91.4b), it still wrestles with unequal income distribution and relatively high unemployment

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Picture By Terry Allen Brazil has 10 major stock exchanges: Sao Paulo; Rio de Janeiro; Commodities and Futures Exchange; Bahia, Sergipe, Alagoas; Far-South; Minas, Espirito Santo, Brasilia; Parona; Pernambuco & Paraiba

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South Africa Picture By Terry Allen

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South Africa’s total area is 1.22msqkm and is bordered by 2 oceans and several African countries Picture By Terry Allen

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South Africa’s population, currently 43.998m people, is made up of 23.38% Isizulu speaking, 17.6% Lsixhosa speaking, 13.3% Afrikaans speaking, 9.4% Sepedi speaking, 8.2% English speaking, 4.4% Xitsonga speaking, and 7.2% other Picture By Terry Allen

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86.4% of the population aged 15 and older are able to read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 42.45 years Picture By Terry Allen

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After finally freeing itself from oppressive apartheid in the early 1990’s, it’s republican form of government consists of the executive branch (chief of state, gov’t head, cabinet) and the legislative branch (National Assembly and National Council of Provinces) Picture By Terry Allen

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The country is comprised of 9 provinces Picture By Terry Allen

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Although South Africa is blessed with an abundance of natural resources and is the most highly industrialized African country, it still grapples with the apartheid stigma and an exceptionally high unemployment rate Picture By Terry Allen

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South Africa has the 10th largest stock exchange in the world, namely the JSE (390 listed companies) Picture By Terry Allen

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Australia Picture By Terry Allen

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Australia takes up an area of 7.69msqkm and is bordered throughout by 2 oceans Picture By Terry Allen

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Australia’s population, currently 20.43m people, is made up of 79.1% English speaking, 2.1% Chinese speaking, 1.9% Italian speaking, and 11.1% other language speaking citizens Picture By Terry Allen

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99% of the population aged 15 and older can read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 80.62 years Picture By Terry Allen

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After it gained its independence in 1901 from the UK, its federal parliamentary democratic form of gov’t was established with the executive branch (chief of state, gov’t head, cabinet) and the legislative branch (Senate and house of representatives) Picture By Terry Allen

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Australia is divided into 6 states and 2 territories Picture By Terry Allen

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Although its economy continues to flourish, being fueled by high export prices for raw materials and agricultural products, negative trade balances (eg. Export $117b vs. Imports $127.7b), threat of drought, and maintenance of coastal areas continue to press upon the gov’t Picture By Terry Allen

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Australia has 2 stock exchanges: ASX (2014 listed companies); Sydney Futures Exchange Picture By Terry Allen

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Japan Picture By Terry Allen

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Japanese total area is 377.84ksqkm and is bordered throughout by the Pacific Ocean Picture By Terry Allen

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Japan’s population, currently 127.43m people, is made up of primarily Japanese speaking citizens Picture By Terry Allen

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99% of those aged 15 years and older can read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 82.02 years Picture By Terry Allen

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After achieving its independence in 660BC, the Japanese constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary gov’t is comprised of the executive branch (chief of state, gov’t head, cabinet) and the legislative branch (house of councilors and house of representatives) Picture By Terry Allen

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Japan is composed of 47 prefectures Picture By Terry Allen

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Although Japan enjoys the status of having the 3rd largest economy behind only the US and China, it continues to grapple with food quality shortages, large debt, and demographics Picture By Terry Allen

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Japan has 14 Stock Exchanges: TSE (2395 listed companies), Central Japan Commodity Exchange, FUKUOKA Stock Exchange (145 listed companies), Jasdaq Securities Exchange (970 listed companies), FUKUOKA Futures Exhchange, Kansai Commodities Exchange, Nagoya Stock Exchange (390 listed companies) Osaka Securities Exchange (1032 listed companies), Central Japan Commodity Exchange, Sapparo Securities Exchange (89 listed companies) Tokyo Financial Exchange, Tokyo Commodity Exchange, Tokyo Grain Exchange, Yokohama Commodities Exchange Picture By Terry Allen

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China Picture By Terry Allen

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China, including Honk Kong, has a total area of 95.98m sq km and is bordered by 1 ocean and several countries including Russia to the north and India to the west Picture By Terry Allen

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China’s population, including Hong Kong, is currently 1.329b people, consists of several spoken languages including Mandarin, Cantonese, Shanghaise, Fuzhon, Taiwanese, and several other minority languages Picture By Terry Allen

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89.8% of the population of China and Hong Kong ages 15 and older can read and write,while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 72.28 years Picture By Terry Allen

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While it gained its true independence in 1949 with the formation of the People’s Republic, China’s current communist state gov’t is made up of the Executive Branch (Chief of State, Gov’t Head, Cabinet) and the Legislative Branch (National People’s Congress). Hong Kong became a part of China in 1997 Picture By Terry Allen

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China is comprised of 23 provinces, 5 regions, 4 municipalities and Hong Kong Picture By Terry Allen

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Although China’s economy stands second only to the US economy, it still must address the following issues: poverty; regional income disparities; unemployment; corruption; pollution Picture By Terry Allen

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China and Hong Kong have 8 stock exchanges: Shanghai Stock Exchange, China Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange, Dalian Commodity Exchange,Shanghai Future Exchange, Shenzhen Stock Exhchange (638 listed companies), Xinhua FTSE dudex, HKEX (1196 listed copmanies), Chinese Gold and Silver Exchange Picture By Terry Allen

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India Picture By Terry Allen

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India’s area covers 3.288m sq km and is bordered by 3 bodies of water and several countries including China to the north Picture By Terry Allen

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India’s population, 1.13b people, is comprised of 30% speaking Hindu, along with 14 other official languages. English is the major language used for commercial communications Picture By Terry Allen

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61% of the population aged 15 and older can read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the entire population is 68.59 years Picture By Terry Allen

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India gained its independence from Britain in 1947, its federal republic form of gov’t is comprised of the executive branch (Chief of State, Gov’t Head, Cabinet) and Legislative Branch (Council of State and People’s Assembly) Picture By Terry Allen

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India is comprised of 28 states and 7 union territories Picture By Terry Allen

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Although India’s economy has grown substantially since 1996, with the services sector, including software development as being a major engine of growth, the country still battles with the following impediments: Heavy reliance on the agricultural sector; the threat of inflation; territorial disputes with Pakistan of Kashmir; overpopulation and poverty Picture By Terry Allen

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India has 1 major stock exchange: NSE of India (1565 listed companies) Picture By Terry Allen

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Russia Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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Russia, the largest country landmass in the world, has an area of 17.075msqkm and is bordered by 2 oceans and several countries to the south and west Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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Russia’s population, currently 141.38m people, is made up of predominantly Russian speaking citizens and a multitude of minority languages Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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99.6% of the people aged 15 and older can read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the total population is 65.87 years Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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Being granted its independence in 1991 from the Soviet Union, its federation gov’t structure is composed of the executive branch ( Chief of state, Gov’t Head, Cabinet) and the legislative branch (Federation Council and the State Isuma) Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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The country is comprised of oblasts, republics, okreigs, krays, and gorodas Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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Although the Russian economy has greatly improved, accompanied by later surpluses over the last 5-6 years, it still struggles with commodity dependence volatility, a depleted manufacturing sector, and political interference in a modern market economy Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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Russia has 2 major stock exchanges: The MICEX (located in Moscow) and RTS stock exchange (with 363 listed companies) Picture By Jordon Breckinridge

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Germany Picture By Terry Allen

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Bordered by Denmark, North Sea and Baltic Sea to the North; Netherlands, Belgium and France to the west; Poland and Czech Republic to the east; and Austria and Switzerland to the south, Germany has a land mass of 349223sq km Picture By Terry Allen

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Germany’s population, currently 82.401m people, made up of 91.5% German speaking with 2.4% Turkish speaking and the rest (6.1%) made up of a mixture of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, and Spanish Picture By Terry Allen

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99% of the population over 15 can read and write, while the life expectancy rate for the entire German population is 78.95 years Picture By Terry Allen

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Being granted its independence in 1871, West and East Germany united in 1990 with the tearing down of the Berlin Wall. Being a federal republic, Germany is ruled by the Executive and Legislative Branches Picture By Terry Allen

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The country is comprised of 16 states Picture By Terry Allen

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Germany, since 2006, characterized by the following unemployment, strengthening growth, and improving technological skills, particularly in the heavy industrial sector Picture By Terry Allen

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Germany has several stock exchanges: Frankfurt Stock Exchange (8086 listed companies); Bavarian Stock Exchange (7046 securities listed); Berlin-Breman Stock Exchange (14,840 securities listed); Duesseldorf Stock Exchange (16,566 securities listed); Munich Stock Exchange; Hamburg-Hannover Stock Exchange (3200 securities listed); Stuttgait Stock Exchange (200,700 securities listed) Picture By Terry Allen

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United Kingdom Picture By Terry Allen Picture By Terry Allen

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UK’s total area is 244.8k sq km and is bordered throughout by 2 oceans Picture By Terry Allen

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UK’s population, currently 60.77m people, is made up of English speaking,Welsh speaking and Scottish speaking citizens Picture By Terry Allen

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99% of the population aged 15 and older have completed 5 or more years of schooling, while the life expectancy rate for the entire population is 78.7 years Picture By Terry Allen

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With England, Scotland and Wales officially uniting in 1707, the constitutional monarchy consists of the executive branch (Chief of State, Government Head, Cabinet) and the Legislative branch (House of Lords, House of Commons) Picture By Terry Allen

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The UK is comprised of dozens of boroughs, countries, cities, districts, and council areas Picture By Terry Allen

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Although the UK economy remains one of the strongest within the European Union, it continues to grapple with a declining industrial sector and a negative balance of trade Eg. Exports = $468.86b vs Imports = $603b Picture By Terry Allen

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Because of its economic performance compared to its European Union peers, the UK still refused to join the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and adopt the Euro as its Currency Picture By Terry Allen

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The UK has 1 stock exchange: LSE (3245 listed companies) Picture By Terry Allen

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