expository writing

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How can I write an EXCELLENT essay? : 

1 How can I write an EXCELLENT essay?

Easy steps to becoming a great writer on the Test : 

2 Easy steps to becoming a great writer on the Test Expository Creative Expressive Narrative

Think – Brainstorm-PACO : 

3 Think – Brainstorm-PACO P-What is your purpose? A- Who is your audience? C- Content --What are your ideas for details, facts, or reasons? O- Organization --Think how you want to structure your paper. Jot down these ideas. NOW begin YOUR OUTLINE, OR WEB!

Let’s prepare to write an essay! : 

4 Let’s prepare to write an essay! Here’s the prompt. There are many good and bad things about being in the eighth grade. Explain what these things are. What kind of prompt do we have? Did you say expository? You’re right!

Use your scratch paper : 

5 Use your scratch paper Jot down a few transitions. What are transitions? Words or phrases that connect ideas or introduce the topic. Such as one, if, although, however, finally, in conclusion, first, second, next, additionally, consequently

Use your scratch paper : 

6 Use your scratch paper Make an outline or web. Develop a 1-3-1 plan. One Paragraph for intro- Three paragraphs for the body – One paragraph for the conclusion.

What is good or bad about eighth Grade?Write a neat introductionMention the good and the bad things / ask a question/ write an anecdote or state a fact : 

7 What is good or bad about eighth Grade?Write a neat introductionMention the good and the bad things / ask a question/ write an anecdote or state a fact Write a conclusion to sum up your topic

This is an important step! Don’t try to write your paper without doing an outline first.Why?! : 

8 This is an important step! Don’t try to write your paper without doing an outline first.Why?! You will be graded on organization.

Introductions for expository, creative , expressive and persuasive essays should…. : 

9 Introductions for expository, creative , expressive and persuasive essays should…. Grab the reader’s attention[ consider this as a rule]. Or -- Let the reader know what you’re going to talk about. Or--Show a plan for what you’re going to be talking about in the three body paragraphs. Or --State what the audience will learn in this essay.

Sample Introduction : 

10 Sample Introduction Although I have taken many wonderful vacations, my trip with my two best friends to New York City is one I’ll always remember. This was a fantastic trip because of the sights we saw, the people we met, the plays we enjoyed, and the laughs we shared. What’s the plan? What’s the topic? Each part of the plan will be developed into paragraphs.

After you make your web or outline, start writing your introduction.Leave space at the top for two more lines. ( It won’t count against you.)You might come back later to insert a little background information in the introduction. Remember to grab interest and show the plan of your paper in the introduction. : 

11 After you make your web or outline, start writing your introduction.Leave space at the top for two more lines. ( It won’t count against you.)You might come back later to insert a little background information in the introduction. Remember to grab interest and show the plan of your paper in the introduction.

Introduction : 

12 Introduction Have you ever thought about what are the good and the bad things in eighth grade? There are good things like changing classes and more freedom. Some of the bad things are you have to stay in school longer, you have SAT tests, and tests get harder. Stay with me as I explain the good and bad things about being in the eighth grade. How does the writer grab your attention?

Let’s start on the body. Go back to your web or outline for the second paragraph. : 

13 Let’s start on the body. Go back to your web or outline for the second paragraph. Good Fun Things -Changing classes and teachers -Mr…… & Mrs…… More Freedom - no line -See friends at lunch

First I will tell you about the good and fun things about being in the eighth grade. You get to change classes so if one teacher is like Mr. Ahmed , you are only with him for part of the day. If your teacher is like Mrs. Honey you will enjoy a fabulous time with her. Another thing I enjoy is more freedom. We don’t have to walk in straight lines as if we were soldiers marching off to war. Next, you can get your own food instead of having the matrons get it for you. I like spending time with my friends so if they are not in one of my classes, I can see them at lunch. : 

14 First I will tell you about the good and fun things about being in the eighth grade. You get to change classes so if one teacher is like Mr. Ahmed , you are only with him for part of the day. If your teacher is like Mrs. Honey you will enjoy a fabulous time with her. Another thing I enjoy is more freedom. We don’t have to walk in straight lines as if we were soldiers marching off to war. Next, you can get your own food instead of having the matrons get it for you. I like spending time with my friends so if they are not in one of my classes, I can see them at lunch. Transition words help! Does he explain, give examples, use metaphors?

Look back at your outline for the third paragraph : 

15 Look back at your outline for the third paragraph Bad things SAT Test -not like grade seven -compare to stale bread - harder tests more test and harder -stress stomach hurts -sitting in a long English class makes me sick

Next I’m writing about the bad things you go through in eighth grade. First of all you have to qualify for the SAT test. In seventh grade you didn’t have to worry about this burden. The SAT test is like eating stale food because it can hurt you and it can be boring. The tests get harder as you go on. We have so many of them, they can cause a major stress and make you feel like your stomach was just pulled out. At seventh grade we got out fifteen minutes earlier. Sitting in the English class for those extra minutes makes me feel terrible inside. : 

16 Next I’m writing about the bad things you go through in eighth grade. First of all you have to qualify for the SAT test. In seventh grade you didn’t have to worry about this burden. The SAT test is like eating stale food because it can hurt you and it can be boring. The tests get harder as you go on. We have so many of them, they can cause a major stress and make you feel like your stomach was just pulled out. At seventh grade we got out fifteen minutes earlier. Sitting in the English class for those extra minutes makes me feel terrible inside. Did you find the transitions? What are the key ideas? How does he explain his key ideas? What is the metaphor?

Look back to your outline before writing the fourth paragraph : 

17 Look back to your outline before writing the fourth paragraph things that are both good & bad Field Trips -miss school -might be boring PE -clothes sweat -fun to play and compete Homework -too much -pull up grades

Finally the things that come good and bad. First field trips are extremely fun because you can talk and miss school. However it’s bad if you go somewhere boring or can’t sit with your friends. Everybody loves P.E. because we play real sports with competitiveness. But sadly when we’re leaving PE, my clothes get sweaty which doesn’t feel good. Everybody knows the pluses and minuses of Homework! We have so much homework it just takes the energy out of you, which is bad. What is good about it is that the more homework you have, the better opportunity you can grasp to improve your grades. : 

18 Finally the things that come good and bad. First field trips are extremely fun because you can talk and miss school. However it’s bad if you go somewhere boring or can’t sit with your friends. Everybody loves P.E. because we play real sports with competitiveness. But sadly when we’re leaving PE, my clothes get sweaty which doesn’t feel good. Everybody knows the pluses and minuses of Homework! We have so much homework it just takes the energy out of you, which is bad. What is good about it is that the more homework you have, the better opportunity you can grasp to improve your grades. Did you find the transitions? What are the key ideas? How does he explain his key ideas?

Now we are ready for the fifth paragraph – the conclusion which will summarize our main points or key ideas in the body. : 

19 Now we are ready for the fifth paragraph – the conclusion which will summarize our main points or key ideas in the body. Good and bad things freedom changing classes SAT test going to school longer tests Good and Bad Homework PE Fieldtrips

In conclusion the eighth grade has good and bad things involved. Such as more freedom, and changing classes. Some other things are SAT tests, going to school for longer hours, and quizzes and tests. Homework, P.E., and field trips fall into both of those categories. : 

20 In conclusion the eighth grade has good and bad things involved. Such as more freedom, and changing classes. Some other things are SAT tests, going to school for longer hours, and quizzes and tests. Homework, P.E., and field trips fall into both of those categories. What are your transitions? Does the writer sum up what he wrote? Does he refer back to the introduction. This paragraph was from an actual essay written by a student for the state writing assessment. His organization gave him a four.

Whoops! What did we forget? : 

21 Whoops! What did we forget? Did you think title? You are right! We want to start writing titles for our essays! Sometimes you will be asked to write a title for your essay. Not always! BUT just sometimes. How about – “The Good and Bad Things About Eighth Grade” Nah… Boring. Interesting titles have an action word. How about- “Good and Bad Things Happen in Eighth Grade” …better How about “Eighth Grade, Good or Bad- You Be the Judge”

Homework Assignment : 

22 Homework Assignment Choose one of the topics in the distributed sheet and write an essay about that topic Don’t forget to follow the PACO rule Maintain Organization Make your writing come alive Use metaphors and similes Use mature verbs and adjectives GOOD LUCK! Due date 7th March