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India with over 8100 Km of coastline, vast streches of estuaries/ backwaters , lagoons provide enormous opportunities for brackish water shrimp farming . Commercial shrimp farming is almost two decades old in India .During the early nineties due to proven technology in post larvae production and farming of two varieties of shrimps viz white shrimp ( Penaeus indicus ) and tiger shrimp ( Penaeus monodon ) large scale growth of shrimp farms and hatcheries was witnessed during a short span of five years. Shrimps are called the "Pinkish Gold" of the sea because of its universal appeal, unique taste, high unit value realisation and increasing demand in the world market. SakthiScope for brackish water shrimp farming : Scope for brackish water shrimp farming The over exploitation of shrimp from coastal waters and the ever increasing demand for shrimp and shrimp products in the world market has resulted in the wide gap between the demand and supply in the International market. The estimated brackish water area suitable for undertaking shrimp cultivation in India is around 11.91 lakh ha . spread over 10 states and union territories viz. West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Of this only around 1.356 lakh ha are under shrimp farming now and hence lot of scope exists for entrepreneurs to venture into this field of activity. SakthiPowerPoint Presentation: SR.NO STATE ESTIMATED BRACKISH WATER AREA(ha) 1 WEST BENGAL 405,000 2 ORISSA 32,600 3 ANDHRA PRADESH 150,000 4 TAMILNADU 56,000 5 PUDHUCHERRY 800 6 KERALA 65,000 7 KARNATAKA 8000 8 GOA 18,500 9 MAHARASTRA 80,000 10 GUJARAT 376,000 TOTAL 1191900 SakthiLocation of the project : Location of the project The first and foremost requirement for entering into the venture is the acquisition of suitable land. The details of land surveyed and identified suitable for shrimp farming in coastal districts are available with the Department of Fisheries of the concerned State Governments and with the Regional offices of the MPEDA functioning in the coastal states of India. While selecting the site for the project, the entrepreneur should ensure the following : i) Area should be accessible preferably by a road even during the monsoon season. ii) Mangrove area with large tree stumps should be avoided. iii) Site should have good pollution free water supply of both freshwater and brackish water SakthiLocation of the project : Location of the project SakthiPowerPoint Presentation: SR.NO WATER PARAMETERS OPTIMUM LEVEL 1 DISSOLVED OXYGEN 3.5-4ppm 2 SALINITY 10-25ppt 3 TEMPERATURE 26-32 degree C 4 pH 6.8-8.7 5 TOTAL NITRATE NITROGEN 1.0ppm 6 TOTAL AMMONIA (less than) 1.0ppm 7 BIOLOGICAL OXYGEN DEMAND(BOD) 10ppm 8 CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND(COD) 70ppm 9 TRANSPERANCY 35cm 10 CARBONDIOXIDE(less than) 10ppm 11 SULDHIDE (less than) 0.003ppm SakthiBorrowers' profile : Borrowers' profile Complete details of the entrepreneurs, partnership firm, registered company should be given. Qualification and experience of the promoters, net worth of the borrowers, financial ability , other activities undertaken by them etc., have to be furnished. SakthiPhysical and financial outlay: Physical and financial outlay It can be seen therefrom that the total cost including working capital expenses for raising the first crop for a 5 ha. Shrimp farm works out to Rs . 28.936 lakh. While submitting the project to the banks for sanction of loan entrepreneurs are expected to submit detailed plan and estimates for all the civil works to be undertaken as also invoices of various items to be purchased from the suppliers. SakthiMargin money and bank loan : Margin money and bank loan The entrepreneur has to bring in 15% of the project cost out of his own resources and the balance of 85% will be provided by banks as loan. SakthiPowerPoint Presentation: SakthiRate of refinance : Rate of refinance NABARD refinance is available for projects for setting up of shrimp farms provided the same is technically feasible and financially viable. NABARD provides refinance to eligible banks as per refinance policy. SakthiFinancial viability: Financial viability SR.NO IMPROVED TRADITIONAL(WITHIN CRZ*) EXTENSIVE (OUTSIDE CRZ) 1 FARM SIZE 5ha 5ha 2 CULTURE PERIOD 5-5.5 MONTHS 5-5.5 MONTHS 3 STOCKING DENSITY(PL-20) UPTO-60,000/-ha UPTO-1,00,000/-ha 4 SURVIVAL 70% 70% 5 EXPECTED PRODUCTION 1.0-1.5tonnes/ha/crop 1.5-2.5tonnes/ha/crop 6 PRICE OF SHRIMP HAS BEEN TAKEN AS Rs.230/KG (CRZ-Coastal Regulation Zone) SakthiPowerPoint Presentation: SakthiMarketing : Marketing Because of huge gap between supply and demand of shrimps in local as well as international market, there may not be any problem in marketing the same. Shrimp can either be sold directly by the farmers in the market or sold to exporters for processing . Shrimp can be exported in frozen form with head on , head less, battered and breaded, or IQF products or any other form with value addition depending on the requirement of the buyer. The shrimp has to be packed as per requirements of importing countries and therefore this should be decided after a detailed market survey. Hygienic packaging , display and appearance of the packet are key factors to attract consumers of importing countries SakthiMarketing : Marketing SakthiRate of interest: Rate of interest As per existing RBI guidelines interest rate to be charged to the ultimate borrower for loan exceeding Rs.2 lakh will be as decided by the lending Bank. NABARD's interest rate for refinance would be as per refinance policy prevailing at the particular time. SakthiRepayment period : Repayment period As the borrower will be able to repay the bank loan in 7 years with a moratorium of one year on repayment of principal. SakthiSecurity : Security Security from the ultimate beneficiaries has to be obtained as per the lending norms of financing banks which have to be in conformity with the guidelines of RBI. SakthiPowerPoint Presentation: SakthiREFERANCE: REFERANCE www.NABARD.org.in . www.google.co.in . Sakthi You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.