Biomedical Waste Management (BMW). (downloadable)

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Presentation Description

We need innovative and radical measures to clean up the distressing picture of lack of civic concern on the part of hospitals and slackness in government implementation of bare minimum of rules, as waste generation particularly biomedical waste imposes increasing direct and indirect costs on society. The challenge before us, therefore, is to scientifically manage growing quantities of biomedical waste that go beyond past practices. If we want to protect our environment and health of community we must sensitize our selves to this important issue not only in the interest of health managers but also in the interest of community. Hopefully as these environmental health hazards are exposed, changes will be made to protect the future of our 'Earth' and the living beings that inhabit it!

Comments

By: pratyushprateek (37 month(s) ago)

plz let me download it....

By: pratyushprateek (37 month(s) ago)

really nic ppt...very good matter n accurate statistics..

Presentation Transcript

BIOMEDICAL WASTE (BMW) MANAGEMENT:

BIOMEDICAL WASTE ( BMW ) MANAGEMENT By P. Sai Naveen Kumar

What is BMW?:

What is BMW? It is defined as “A ny solid and/or liquid waste including its container and any intermediate product, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals ”. 7/30/2011 2 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

WHO GENERATES BMW?:

WHO GENERATES BMW? Waste generated by Healthcare facilities Research facilities Laboratories 7/30/2011 3 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

HEALTHCARE WASTE CHARACTERIZATION:

HEALTHCARE WASTE CHARACTERIZATION 7/30/2011 4 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITAL WASTE:

CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITAL WASTE 7/30/2011 5 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

Categories of Persons Exposed to Risk of Infection:

Categories of Persons Exposed to Risk of Infection 7/30/2011 6 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

Categories of BMW:

Categories of BMW CATEGORY TYPE OF WASTE TREATMENT & DISPOSAL Category 1 Human anatomical wastes Incineration/ deep burial Category 2 Animal wastes Incineration/ deep burial Category 3 Microbiology & biotechnology waste Local autoclaving/ microwaving/incineration Category 4 Waste sharps like needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass etc Disinfection (Chemical/autoclaving/micro waving & mutilation/shredding) Category 5 Discarded Medicines & cytotoxic drugs Incineration/destruction & disposal in land fills 7/30/2011 7 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

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CATEGORY TYPE OF WASTE TREATMENT & DISPOSAL Category 6 Soiled wastes Items contaminated with blood, body fluids including cotton, dressings etc Incineration,autoclaving,microwaving Category 7 Solid wastes like catheters, IV sets etc. Disinfection by chemical treatment/autoclaving/micro waving and mutilation & shredding Category 8 Liquid wastes Laboratory, blood banks, hospitals, house etc. Disinfection by chemicals and discharge into drains Category 9 Incineration ash Disposal in municipal land fills Category 10 Chemical wastes Chemical treatment & discharge into drains for liquid and secured land fills for solids. 7/30/2011 8 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

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COLOR CODE TYPE OF CONTAINER WASTE CATEGORY TREATMENT OPTIONS Yellow Plastic bags 1, 2, 3 and 6 Incineration/deep burial Red Disinfected container/plastic bag 3, 6 & 7 Autoclaving/Micro Waving/Chemical treatment Blue/white transparent Plastic bags/ puncture proof container 4 & 7 Autoclaving/Micro waving/chemical treatment, Destruction & shredding Black Plastic bag 5, 8 & 9 Disposal in secured land fills 7/30/2011 9 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

Health Hazards:

Health Hazards 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 10

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7/30/2011 11

Routes of Transmission:

Routes of Transmission 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 12

Precautions:

Precautions 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 13

Environment Legislation:

Environment Legislation The Air ( PControl of Pollution) Act, prevention and 1981 The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 The National Environmental Tribunal Act, 1995 The Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 The Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000 7/30/2011 14 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

BIO-MEDICAL WASTE (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING) RULES 1998 :

BIO-MEDICAL WASTE (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING) RULES 1998 BMW Rules have been adopted and notified with the objective to stop the indiscriminate disposal of hospital waste/ bio-medical waste and ensure that such waste is handled without any adverse effect on the human health and environment. 7/30/2011 15 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

Steps for Effective BMW Management:

Steps for Effective BMW Management 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 16

Waste Survey:

Waste Survey Waste survey is an important component of the waste management scheme. A survey helps in evaluation both the type and quantity of waste generated in hospitals. Aims: Differentiate the types of waste Quantify the waste generated Determine the points of generation & type of waste generated at each point Determine the level of generation & disinfection within the hospital To find out the type of disposal carried out 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 17

Segregation :

Segregation Segregation refers to the basic separation of different categories of waste generated at source and thereby reducing the risks as well as cost of handling and disposal. Segregation is the most crucial step in bio-medical waste management. Effective segregation alone can ensure effective bio-medical waste management. The BMWs must be segregated in accordance to guidelines laid down under schedule 1 of BMW Rules, 1998. 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 18

Collection :

Collection 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 19 The collection of biomedical waste involves use of different types of container . The containers/ bins should be placed in such a way that 100 % collection is achieved. Sharps must always be kept in puncture-proof containers to avoid injuries and infection to the workers handling them.

Storage :

Storage 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 20 Once collection occurs then biomedical waste is stored in a proper place. Segregated wastes of different categories need to be collected in identifiable containers. The duration of storage should not exceed for 8-10 hrs in big hospitals (more than 250 bedded) and 24 hrs in nursing homes. Each container may be clearly labelled to show the ward or room where it is kept. The reason for this labelling is that it may be necessary to trace the waste back to its source. Besides this, storage area should be marked with a caution sign.

Transport:

Transport 7/30/2011 21 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

Handling Devices:

Handling Devices Trolleys Wheelbarrows Chutes 7/30/2011 22 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

Treatment:

Treatment Chemical processes Thermal processes Mechanical processes Irradiation processes Biological processes 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 23

Chemical Processes:

Chemical Processes 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 24

Thermal Processes:

Thermal Processes 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 25

Mechanical Processes:

Mechanical Processes 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 26

Irradiation Processes:

Irradiation Processes Exposes wastes to ultraviolet or ionizing radiation in an enclosed chamber. These systems require post shredding to render the waste unrecognizable. 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 27

Biological Processes:

Biological Processes Using biological enzymes for treating medical waste. It is claimed that biological reactions will not only decontaminate the waste but also cause the destruction of all the organic constituents so that only plastics, glass, and other inert will remain in the residues. 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 28

DO’s & DONT’s:

DO’s & DONT’s 7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 29

Conclusion:

Conclusion We need innovative and radical measures to clean up the distressing picture of lack of civic concern on the part of hospitals and slackness in government implementation of bare minimum of rules, as waste generation particularly biomedical waste imposes increasing direct and indirect costs on society. The challenge before us is to scientifically manage growing quantities of biomedical waste that go beyond past practices. 7/30/2011 30 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management

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7/30/2011 Biomedical Waste (BMW) Management 31 Thank you