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Chasing Dog

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English Project Mohamad Shehade

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Introduction Children and dogs go together like peanut butter and jelly. Often a child’s best friend is the family dog. Best of Friends: Kids & Dogs will help you learn about dogs, how to care for them properly, and be safe around them .

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All of today’s dog breeds are descendants from the wolf. Archeologists have evidence that dogs were domesticated about 15,000 years ago. Dogs have been with us for a long time! At first all dogs looked the same. As time passed, dogs began to evolve to perform certain jobs like hunting, herding cattle or sheep, or serving as guards. Descendants from the Wolf

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The breeding of dogs, starting about 150 years ago, focused on developing certain specific physical characteristics. Today certain kinds of dogs have become very popular throughout the world.  However, others remain more localized to one specific region or part of the world. There are currently 300 different breeds or kinds of dogs from terriers to shepherds to retrievers and on and on. . Different Breeds

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Good Behavior Starts with You A puppy, like a young child, needs to learn good manners. You, as a dog owner, need to teach your dog how to behave. Dogs do not know how we would like them to act and need us, as dog owners, to teach them how to live with us. Here are some tips to train your dog on being a good family member.

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Carefully think about these questions: Are you ready to: Walk the dog everyday? Feed the dog daily? Make sure your dog has plenty of fresh water to drink? Give the dog a bath and brush its hair? Play with the dog? Questions To A sk

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Carefully think about these questions: Are you ready to: Walk the dog everyday? Feed the dog daily? Make sure your dog has plenty of fresh water to drink? Give the dog a bath and brush its hair? Play with the dog? Questions To A sk

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You will be giving of yourself and your time in order to build this long-term special bond and friendship. Caring for your dog is like bringing a new baby home.  It will depend on you to take care of its every need. Are you ready? Are You Ready?

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Hold a treat above your dog's head and move the treat up and back while he follows with his nose. As your dog moves into a sit position say "sit" clearly and slowly.  Immediately give him the treat and tell him "good." As he learns the word sit, you can eventually stop giving him treats and just tell him "good." Teaching Your Dog to Sit

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Teaching Your Dog to Stay Now that your dog knows how to sit, your next task is to make him stay when you walk away. Put your hand out flat toward the dog’s face and slowly say the word "STAY." If he does not move toward you, tell him "good" and reward him with a treat.  Take a few steps backward repeating "STAY." Move back to the dog while he's still staying and again tell him "good" and reward him with a treat.

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Teaching Your Dog to Come The next exercise is for your dog to come to you when you ask. This is a very important command for your dog to know. If your dog gets loose and approaches a dangerous situation, such as running towards a busy street, being able to call your dog back to you can help save his life. To teach your dog to come, bend down and make eye contact with your dog. Then call him by his name and say, "COME" in a friendly voice. As your dog moves toward you, praise him in a friendly voice. When he arrives, give him a treat and lots more praise. Since your dog also knows how to sit, you can also ask him to sit when he arrives at your feet. Good dog!

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Good Walking Manners When you go for a walk with your dog on a leash, he needs good manners. Teach your dog to walk on your left side. When first training your dog to walk with you, place a treat in front of him as you walk and say "heel." Reward him when he walks next to you without pulling. If he does pull on the leash, stop walking and wait for him to stop pulling on the leash and ask him to sit. Continue your walk only when he calms down and is ready to listen. Always remember to reward your dog when he does something you ask him to do. If he knows what makes you happy, he will be sure to do it again! et. Good dog!

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Potty Training for Your Dog Pick a place in your yard for the dog’s bathroom.  Take him to the same place every time.  Keep encouraging the dog to go, by saying, “go potty” or “go.”  It may take a while for the dog to respond, but don’t give up.

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Potty Training for Your Dog Don’t forget, the best reward is to praise your dog after he goes.  Please clean up any mess with appropriate tools and dispose of it properly. A dog has to go to the bathroom several times a day just like you. Often he has to go after meals and upon waking up.

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Just like you, dogs need to eat right, get enough sleep, and go to the doctor when they are not feeling well. Here are just a few of the things that you should know to help keep your best friend happy and feeling his best! Keeping Your Dog Healthy

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What can you do to make sure your dog is not overweight? Keeping Your Dog Healthy

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Too Much Food Many owners actually fill a dog’s bowl with too much food.

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Don't forget about treats. If you give treats, limit the number you give. Find other ways to reward a dog such as using a play toy. Limit the Amount of Treats Feeding the dog human food from the table is not a good idea. No matter how much he begs, don’t do it. Human food can make them overweight and sick. Some foods like chocolate, grapes, and raisins make a dog really sick. Human Food

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One of the most important ways to keep your dog healthy and fit is to exercise.  Take the dog for walks, play catch outside, and anything else that keeps the dog moving.  It will keep your dog alert and not bored. Keeping Your Dog Fit

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When you look at a dog what do you see?  Do you see a big ball of fur or a well-designed animal? Let’s look closely at the outside and inside of a dog. Let’s start at the head and work our way to the tail. Keep in mind that a dog’s physical characteristics often reflect the original job that they were developed to do. Pieces & Parts of a Dog

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The ears on dogs can be different sizes and shapes.  They can be short and pointed or long and floppy.  No matter what size and shape they are, they are very sensitive to sounds.  Dogs can hear noises at much higher frequencies and that are four times further away than we can. They have selective hearing just like you do sometimes.  They can sleep through a TV show, but can wake up when a car pulls into the driveway. Dogs feel vibrations from the earth and are thought to be able to predict earthquakes. . Ears

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The eyes of a dog are meant to see prey.  They usually see better at dusk, and can spot moving things better than things that are standing still. Dogs are not color blind – they can see blues and greens.  They have a wider angle of vision than we do.  They can see between 200-270 degrees of range where we can only see 160 degrees. The dogs with the best vision are called sight hounds such as greyhounds and salukis. Eyes

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Muzzle The muzzle is the part of the dog where you can find the nose, mouth, and whiskers.  Its length is different depending on the breed.

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Nose Smelling is a dog’s number one sense.  They always have their nose to the ground.  In comparison to humans, they have 44 times more scent receptors.  That’s an amazing nose!  That is why dogs are so valued to search for bombs, narcotics, or people.  The dogs that are known to have the best sniffers are scent hounds such as blood hounds, basset hounds and beagles.

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Whiskers Whiskers on a dog are different than your dad’s.  They are found around the nose, eyes, upper lip and chin.  They have deep roots and are very sensitive.  They are used to sense vibrations in the air currents.  This helps to identify the size, shape, and how close objects are.  For example, what do you think the whiskers around the eyes do?  They sense objects close to the eyes causing them to blink. from the clinic to his company’s Local branch office .The staff was amazed at Chuck’s progress .The manager asked Chuck to be on work . Chuck demanded an empty desk and a dictating machine . He set his objective of working full day on March 1.

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Teeth Dogs have 10 more teeth than we do. Their teeth are different than ours, because of their diet.

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This is the area above the shoulder and is used to measure the height of the dog from the ground. Withers

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Shoulder The shoulder carries most of the weight and is where the front legs are attached.  Further down the front leg is the carpal joint which is similar to your wrist.

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Back The top of the dog is its back.  You may think you can ride large dogs like a horse, but their backs are not made for riding or handling weight–not even a child . Thigh Thighs have large muscles on the back legs that can help the dog run fast. Hock The hock is just like your ankle .

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Paws A dog’s paw is like your foot.  They vary in size from tiny to very large depending upon the breed.  Some dogs are natural swimmers.  Their paws are specialized and are webbed.  This gives them greater ability to swim. A dog walks on its toes like a horse – not like a human who walks on the soles of his feet. Each paw has four pads on the ground.  The pads provide both traction and shock absorbent ability.  As the dog ages, the pads become rougher helping them to do quick turns and run better. The paw has one large heart-shaped pad (metacarpal pad) in the center and four smaller pads that actually carry the weight of the dog (digital pads). Higher on the paw is a smaller pad called a carpal pad.  This is sometimes used to get more traction or helps in stopping. n

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Doberman is an intelligent, easy trainable and strong dog. It lives with the will to serve for the man. Full of energy, jolly and sociable, it creates a health relation with its human family and especially with the “chosen” guy, who is the only one for the dog in its entire life. Doberman exist to be right beside its master, to take care of him and protect his life. Hair A dog’s hair protects the animal from extreme weather conditions.  Some dogs have extremely long hair and others very short or appear to have no hair at all. Now you have an idea of the various parts that you can see. Let’s take a peek inside.

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Doberman is always ready for squabble with the enemy, but in reality at home it’s just your pet. Doberman is a part from your “pack” and doesn’t trust anyone foreigner. Because of that the partnership, which you will s Tail It can be long and thick, bushy, or extremely short.  A tail helps the dog maintain balance. For swimming dogs they are used as a rudder to steer. 012 tart with your Doberman is forever – true and strong. Tail It can be long and thick, bushy, or extremely short.  A tail helps the dog maintain balance. For swimming dogs they are used as a rudder to steer.

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Many children and adults love to be around dogs.  Although most dogs are friendly, there are many situations where even friendly dogs may feel scared, angry, or threatened.  It is important to know when a situation is dangerous so you don’t get hurt.  Let’s go through some examples and explain what you should or should not do so you and the dog remain safe. Playing It Safe Around Dogs

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Playing It Safe Around Dogs Example 1 You are outside, and you see a dog running loose without its owner.

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Stand tall, still, and quiet with your hands at your side. When the dog comes to you, remain calm and do not look directly into the dog’s eyes. If the dog should knock you over, remain calm, curl up into a ball, and protect your head with your arms.  The dog will most likely sniff you and decide you are not very interesting and move on to something else more exciting. What You Should Do?

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Once the dog has moved a good distance away from you, slowly start moving to some safe place (such as your school, your house, or a friend’s house).  Make sure that you walk calmly. When you are in a safe place, tell an adult what happened. Try to describe the dog, and where you saw the dog so the adult can try to find the owner, or report the loose dog to Animal Control. What You Should Do?

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What You Should Not Do ? Run Scream Make eye contact with the dog. Assume you know the dog. Try to pet or look at its tags.

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Example 2 You may see a dog walking on a leash or you meet a dog at a friend or family member’s house.

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Ask first!! Always ask the person who is walking the dog if it is okay to pet the dog! Be calm and quiet. This will help the dog stay relaxed and comfortable with you. If the owner says you can pet the dog, Slowly put your hand out and let the dog sniff it.  Sniffing is how a dog greets you. Rub the dog on the dog’s chest, side or back — these are the best places to pet a dog.  they do not know you. Thank the owner after you are done petting the dog. What You Should Do ?

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Example 3 You see a sick or injured dog. What You Should Do ? Stay away. There are some diseases that people can get from animals. Tell an adult right away. The adult can decide to help the dog themselves

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Example 4 You see a dog in a car with the window rolled down. What You Should Do ? Leave the dog alone. If it is a hot day (72° F or warmer), tell an adult right away. A car can heat up quickly on a warm day even if the windows are down.  This can become dangerous for a dog very quickly. Don’t stick your hand in the window to pet the dog.

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Example 5 A dog is sleeping. What You Should Do ? Leave the dog alone. Don’t hit the dog to wake him up or make sudden, loud noises to wake him. This can scare and confuse a dog, and he may bite you.

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Example 6 A mother dog is taking care of her puppies. What You Should Do ? Leave the dog alone. Ask an adult if it is okay for you to play with one of the puppies or have them bring the puppy to you.

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Example 6 A mother dog is taking care of her puppies. What You Should Do ? Don’t try to pet the dog or pick up any of the puppies. The mother dog may growl or try to bite you while trying to protect the puppies.

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Example 7 A dog is behind a fence or tied up outside. What You Should Do ? Leave the dog alone. Dogs look at the area as their territory and feel protective of it. Tell an adult if you notice a dog that does not have any food or water or if the dog looks skinny or sick. You should always tell an adult if you see a dog that does not look like he is being treated

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Example 7 A dog is behind a fence or tied up outside. What You Should Do ? Don’t reach your hand through the fence, climb over the fence, or get close to the dog and try to pet it. This may scare or upset the dog and he may growl or bite you.

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Knowing How To Act By knowing how to act around dogs and using your good judgment, you’ll always be safe.

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Dog Body Language Dogs can’t talk, but they have a way of telling you what kind of mood they are in. It’s doggie body language. Learning how to read that body language will keep you and your dog safe and happy.

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When the ears are in a natural position, the dog is telling you she is relaxed or happy. Ears When the ears are back against the head, he is telling you that he’s nervous, scared or angry. When the ears are up or forward, the dog is alert or focused and paying attention.

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A wagging tail usually means the dog is happy. However, that might not always be true. If the tail is held high and wagging it may mean the dog is upset and you shouldn’t get too close. Tail If the tail is tucked under the dog, he is fearful and afraid. If it is standing straight up or higher that his back, the dog might be upset or angry.

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If the hair on the dog's back is standing up, the dog is telling you he is threatened or upset. It is best not to rely on just one behavior too judge whether a dog is safe to approach. Hair

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You’ve decided you want a dog.  Now, you need to think about what kind of dog is best for you.  The breeds differ according to size, temperament, energy and activity levels, and grooming requirements.  These are all very important things to think about when you say, “I want a dog!” You want a dog Much To Consider

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Also you need to think about where you live.  Do you live in the country, suburbs, or city?  Do you have a big yard or no yard because you live in an apartment?  What size of dog should you get?  Do you have room for exercising and playing with the dog? Consider Where You Live

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Dogs' Personalities Dogs are individuals. Some dogs are great with people. Others tend not to be. It is important to remember that not all dogs of the same breed have the exact same personality. Think about how your personality is different than others in your own family. Dogs are the same way. Consider the type of dog personality that fits best for your family. Do you have lots of friends over? Then maybe a dog with a shy temperament is not the best choice.

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