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Hypertext Transport Protocol : 

Hypertext Transport Protocol CS - 328 Dick Steflik


HTTP Hypertext Transport Protocol\ Language of the Web protocol used for communication between web browsers and web servers TCP port 80 RFC 1945

HTTP - URLs : 

HTTP - URLs URL Uniform Resource Locator protocol (http, ftp, news) host name (name.domain name) port (usually 80) directory path to the resource resource name

HTTP - methods : 

HTTP - methods Methods GET retrieve a URL from the server simple page request run a CGI program run a CGI with arguments attached to the URL POST preferred method for forms processing run a CGI program parameterized data in sysin more secure and private

HTTP - methods : 

HTTP - methods Methods (cont.) HEAD requests URLs status header only used for conditional URL handling for performance enhancement schemes retrieve URL only if not in local cache or date is more recent than cached copy

HTTP Request Packets : 

HTTP Request Packets Consists of HTTP header header is hidden in browser environment contains: content type / mime type content length user agent - browser issuing request content types user agent can handle and a URL

HTTP Request Headers : 

HTTP Request Headers Precede HTTP Method requests headers are terminated by a blank line Header Fields: From Accept Accept-Encoding Accept Language

HTTP Request Headers (cont.) : 

HTTP Request Headers (cont.) Referer Authorization Charge-To If-Modified-Since Pragma

From: : 

From: In internet mail format, the requesting user Does not have to correspond to requesting host name (might be a proxy) should be a valid e-mail address

Accept: : 

Accept: List of schemes which will be accepted by client <field> = Accept: <entry> * [,<entry>] <entry> = <content type> *[;<param>] <param> = <attr> = <float> <attr> = q / mxs / mxb <float> = <ANSI-C floating point > Accept: text/html Accept: audio/basic q-1 if no Accept is found; plain/text is assumed may contain wildcards (*)

Accept-Encoding : 

Accept-Encoding Like Accept but list is a list of acceptable encoding schemes Ex Accept-Encoding: x-compress;x-zip

User-Agent : 

User-Agent Software product used by original client <field> = User-Agent: <product> <product> = <word> [/<version>] <version> = <word> Ex. User-Agent: IBM WebExplorer DLL /v960311

Referer : 

Referer For Server’s benefit, client lists URL od document (or document type) from which the URL in request was obtained. Allows server to generate back-links, logging, tracing of bad links… Ex. Referer: http:/

Authorization: : 

Authorization: For Password and authentication schemes Ex. Authorization: user fred:mypassword Authorization: kerberos kerberosparameters

ChargeTo: : 

ChargeTo: Accounting information Accounting system dependent

Pragma: : 

Pragma: Same format as accept for servers should be passed through proxies, but used by proxy only pragma currently defined is no-cache; proxy should get document from owning server rather than cache

Modified-Since: : 

Modified-Since: Used with GET to make a conditional GET if requested document has not been modified since specified date a Modified 304 header is sent back to client instead of document client can then display cached version

Status Header : 

Status Header Returned by server “HTTP/1.0 sp code” Codes: 1xx - reserved for future use 2xx - successful, understood and accepted 3xx - further action needed to complete 4xx - bad syntax in client request 5xx - server can’t fulfill good request

HTTP Response Headers : 

HTTP Response Headers Status Header Entity Content-Encoding: Content-Length: Content-Type: Expires: Last-Modified: extension-header Server

Status Codes : 

Status Codes 200 OK 201 created 202 accepted 204 no content 301 moved perm. 302 moved temp 304 not modified 400 bad request 401 unauthorized 403 forbidden 404 not found 500 int. server error 501 not impl. 502 bad gateway 503 svc not avail

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