NWFP Culture

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History : 

History Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is a province of Pakistan. It lies in a region where the Indian Subcontinent meets the Hindu Kush of Afghanistan.

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The province was named North-West Frontier Province during the colonial period when it formed the North-West frontier of British India; recently the government of Pakistan has approved its new name KPK. Established July 1, 1970.

Geographical boundary: 

Geographical boundary Khyber Pakhtunkhwa sits primarily on the Iranian plateau and comprises the junction where the slopes of the Hindu Kush mountains on the Eurasian plate give way to the Indus-watered hills approaching South Asia.

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The famous Khyber Pass links the province to Afghanistan, while the Kohalla Bridge in Circle Bakote Abbottabad is a major crossing point over the Jhelum River in the east.

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The province has an area of 28,773 mi² or (74,521 km²) . Capital “ Peshawar”

Main districts: 

Main districts The province consists of the following 25 districts.. including  Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATAs)

Important Cities: 

Important Cities Abbottabad Bannu Balakot Besham Batagram Daggar

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Charsadda Chitral Dera Ismail Khan Dir Hangu Haripur Havelian Kohat

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Malakand Mansehra Mardan Nowshera Peshawar Swabi

Climate: 

Climate The climate of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa varies immensely for a region of its size, encompassing most of the many climate types found in Pakistan. Rainfall also varies widely. Although large parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are typically dry, the province also contains the wettest parts of Pakistan in its eastern fringe.

Chitral District : 

Chitral District The winters are generally cold even in the valleys, and heavy snow during the winter blocks passes and isolates the region from the world. In the valley

My topic is…….: 

My topic is……. NWFP Culture

Folk Music : 

Folk Music Hindko and Pashto folk music are popular in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and has a rich tradition going back hundreds of years. The main instruments are the Rubab , mangey and harmonium.

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Khowar folk music is popular in Chitral and northern Swat. The tunes of Khowar music are very different from those of Pashto and the main instrument is the Chitrali Sitar.

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A form of band music composed of clarinets ( surnai ) and drums is popular in Chitral . It is played at polo matches and dances. The same form of band music is also played in the neighbouring Northern Areas .

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Pashtun performers remain avid participants in various physical forms of expression including dance, sword fighting, and other physical feats. One of the most prominent dances is Attan . Numerous other dances are affiliated with various tribes notably from Pakistan including the Khattak .

Famous dance: 

Famous dance Attan Khattak

Pashto singers: 

Pashto singers Nashenas Ubaidullah Jan Kandaharai Sardar Ali Takkar Naghma Rahim Shah Farhad Darya Nazia Iqbal

Folk Stories : 

Folk Stories Folklore is a mixture of beliefs, facts and fiction. Over time, the different elements get so interwoven with each other that often it becomes difficult to separate one from the other. Adam Khan and Durkhanai in Swat, NWFP.

Social life: 

Social life In Pashtun culture, it is often considered preferable to establish interpersonal relationship with someone from the same ethnicity, but not necessarily from the same tribe. boyfriend and girlfriend , is more rare in Pashtun culture than in neighboring cultures

Marriage: 

Marriage Arranged marriages are usually the only choice for the rural people but also very common among those living in urban areas. Weddings are often three days events, starting with the ' henna party' on the first day. Second day barat day.. . A day before the wedding, dinner is prepared for the ceremony.

FAMOUS DRESS: 

FAMOUS DRESS Their dress code is shlwar kamez ,which differently made for men and women. Males usually wear Kufi , Kandahari cap ,Turban or Pakul as traditional headgear. Leaders some time wear a karakul hat.

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Males as government employees usually wear Sherwani aur Achkan with Karakul hat. Pathans usually wear Shalwar qameez with turban. This turban is a symbol of honour for them

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Women typically wear solid-colour trousers,a long qemis shirt with a belt and cotton hijab. Many women were a embroided qameez which contain a lot of glass work on it Famous footwear of pathans is Peshawari chappal

FAMOUS FOOD: 

FAMOUS FOOD Most popular and famous food of them is Chapali Kabab-a flat beef kabab. Faluda mainly a sweet dish is also found here Peshawar is known for its Kawa(GREEN TEA) which has a unique flavour

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Sharbat-e-sandal is a sweet non-carbonated drink usually found in summers in market. Its has a good taste and a yellowish green colour . Khan’s club is rated amoung the best resturants in peshawar

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Most of the people like Cholay(chick peas) Lobya(beans) Saag Roti of jawar(maize) A tandor(oven)for baking bread is present in many houses

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Dry fruits are produced in Peshawar are famous for its dry fruits. Sajji is one of their famous dish.

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KHYBAR PASS

TAXILA MUESEM: 

TAXILA MUESEM

Islamiya College Peshwar: 

Islamiya College Peshwar

Osama Compound: 

Osama Compound

Osama Compound: 

Osama Compound

Malam Jabaa: 

Malam Jabaa

Lake Saif-ul-Muluk: 

Lake Saif-ul-Muluk

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The story of Saif ul Muluk is that the Prophet [[Joseph] ( Yosuf ) is asked who will be the handsomest man after him and he has two seals made, and says that the man will be my descendant and will inherit these seals, and so after many years when Saif ul Muluk comes of age and is given these seals among many other treasures, on one of them is a picture of himself and on the other is a picture of the beautiful fairy Princess Badi-ul-Jamal, meaning the glory of the moon, he falls in love and thus begins his long difficult journey to find her. Prince, Saif ul Malook fell in love with a f airy princess, Badr-ul-Jamal, whom he saw in his dreams .

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Saiful Malook was a fond hunter and his tours usually would bring him towards a lake in the desert that was surrounded by tall snow-capped peaks. One day, the young prince saw a fascinating scene. A beautiful fairy was walking on the surface of the lake. Curiosity brought him closer to her and they fell in love; thus they started meeting every other day. The longing for each other kept increasing with the passage of time and it was not long that stories about their meeting spread like wild fire.

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One day, Saiful Malook went up to the lake only to find that nobody was there. After waiting all day, he would come back in the evening. This went on for some days until he started to worry for the safety of the fairy. But he had no other way of finding about her whereabouts besides coming to the lake. One day he was waiting by the lake when he spotted a group of fairies having a bath in the waters at the other side of the lake. He went to the other side and begged them to let him know about Badri Jamala's whereabouts but the fairies laugh at his dreadful state. But a kind hearted fairy came forward and told the prince that Badri Jamala's movements had been limited to the close neighborhood of the Koh-e-Kaaf; a mystical range of mountains located in the Caucasus . The prince left for the Koh-e-Kaf in search of his love, braving all odds, and finally succeeded in his mission - getting married to the fairy Badri Jamala.

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The prince was restless until a Dervish (holy man) told him where to find her (i.e. by the lake) and that he had to go through a tough exam to be able to marry the fairy because the prince was a human and she was a fairy. Thus the prince marched on his quest for the impossible in the name of love. He waited by the lake where there was no habitation (and there still is not), no food, nothing. His long wait of 12 years, finally reaped harvest and one good morning he saw the fairy come to bathe with her maids and friends in the lake. Later when he does find her, he learns that her soul is trapped in the tallest mountain of the lake which is now called "Saif ul Muluk" and the mountain is " Malka Purbat" which means "the Mountain of the Fairies" and that she is bound to Jinn , and he can only free her when the Jinn is dead, but he cannot defeat him using ordinary means, for the Jinn has hidden his soul in talisman of some sort and hidden it away, Saiful Maluk and his army succeed in finding the talisman and killing the jinn but igniting a 40 year war between the jinn of the earth and those who dwell in the spirit world. The prince hid her wings as advised by the holy man. The fairy was very tense at not finding her wings. Eventually the prince appeared and told her about his tale of love and long wait, which moved the fairy and they agreed to marry. But there is always a villain. So a Deuo Safaid (the white giant) who was himself in love with the fairy got jealous and furious. In rage the giant cried and thus tear lake (ansoo jheel, approx. 2 miles away ) was formed. The giant stepped angrily, the dam broke and the outlet to the lake Saif-ul-Mulook was formed. The prince and the fairy princess fled away in a cave (which still exists and its length is unknown to this day). The legend says that both the prince and the fairy live in the centre of the lake saifulmulook, and on every full moon night they emerge mounted on a white flying horse, the Pegasus, from the center of the lake

Ansoo Lake: 

Ansoo Lake

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The "Land of the fairies" deserved its name from the breath taking view of the lake and the towering "Malka Parbat" standing tall and invincible over the location. The depth of the lake has not been measured to this day,the last effort was made apparently in the late 1990s but the measuring chain weighing 5 tons went down and vanished.

Malika Parbat: 

Malika Parbat

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“ NWFP” Languages EDUCATION Religion Media

“Languages”: 

“ Languages ” Pashto Hindko Saraiki Punjabi Sindhi Baluchi Barohi , Gujri Balti .

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Pashto speakers (72,777 households ) Hindko. 68.30 per cent Urdu , the mother-tongue of 0.83 per cent of the households, Languages speakers

“Education” : 

“ Education” School Vocational Centre University

School : 

School City Total Male female Abbottabad 1550 1017 533 Bannu 1124 679 445 D.I.Khan 1244 817 427 Charsadda 589 433 156

Vocational Centre : 

Vocational Centre Govt Technical and Vocational Centre (Boys) Hangu . Govt Technical and Vocational Centre (Boys) Mardan Govt. Technical and Vocational Centre (Women) Akram Bagh Link Road Abbottabad Govt : Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Nowshera Govt : Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Swat Govt : Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Swabi

University : 

University Hazara university Peshawar university Agricultural university

PAKHTUN'S SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS LIFE: 

PAKHTUN'S SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS LIFE FAMILY, An attractive feature of the Pukhtoon way of life is the joint family system which signifies their deep love for the family's solidarity and welfare. The desire of communal life emanates from a consideration of economic security and integrity.

RESPECT FOR ELDERS: 

RESPECT FOR ELDERS The Pukhtoon children are taught to show a great degree of respect to their parents and elders . Senior members of the family, particularly elders, command great respect. Parents are properly and reverently looked after in old age and every effort is made to provide them with all possible comforts.

LOVE OF INDEPENDENCE: 

LOVE OF INDEPENDENCE One of the outstanding characteristics of the Pukhtoons, as gleaned from their record, is their passionate love for freedom and violent opposition to any infringement of their liberty . They have preserved their liberty by the force of arms despite heavy odds.

RELIGIOUS LIFE: 

RELIGIOUS LIFE By and large the Pukhtoons are deeply religious . The Pukhtoons are punctilious in offering their daily prayers and observance of fast during the month of Ramadan. The holy men, Saints, Sayyids and Mains are held in deep reverence.

SUPERSTITIONS, CHILLA: 

SUPERSTITIONS, CHILLA customs and traditions are in fact the product of historical, geographical and economic conditions It is a common belief that a man can obtain the services of genii by means of talismans or certain invocations .

Media in NWFP: 

Media in NWFP Television Radio Cinema Newspapers

Television : 

Television Hindko tv Pashto tv Ptv Nation tv

Newspapers : 

Newspapers Hindko newspaper Pashto Newspapers Urdu Newspapers

Radio : 

Radio Fm 106.2 Fm 140.0 Fm 103.1 Fm 100.0

Politics, Games and Famous Poets of Khyber Pakhtoonkha: 

Politics, Games and Famous Poets of Khyber Pakhtoonkha

Government of Khyber pakhtoonkha: 

Government of Khyber pakhtoonkha

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Provincial Assembly Elected members : 124 Regular seats : 99 Reserved for women : 22 Non-Muslims : 03

Local government: 

Local government Local government includes: District : 24 Tehsil : 53 Union consuls: 986

Games of Khyber pakhtoonkha: 

Games of Khyber pakhtoonkha Kabaddi POLO NAIZA BAZI HOURSE RIDDING PERZOWAL GULLI DANDA

GAMES IN THE COUNTRY AREAS OF KHYBER PAKHTOON KHA: 

GAMES IN THE COUNTRY AREAS OF KHYBER PAKHTOON KHA These include Patoney , Kowat Kannarry , Kissa Kali Kali , or Angay , Gangar , Cheendro or Peeto , Eishtapa , Teeki , Karkhai , Maya Joora and Katchna Gotey .

PARZAWAL: 

PARZAWAL Intrepid and proud of their strength of arms, PAkhtoons are fond of field sports. In the early stage of his life, a child measures his strength with his compatriots in wrestling bouts called Parzawal

Famous Poets: 

Famous Poets Rehman Baba GHani Khan Khushhal Khan Khatak Saeed Ahmad Akhtar Akbar Hoti

By : sadia zareef: 

By : sadia zareef Thank you