wildlife conservation technique and wildlife protection act,1972

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DR. SACHIN NIMAR

ROLE OF VETERINARIAN:

ROLE OF VETERINARIAN Health and disease management Heath care of newly arrived wild animals Prophylaxis and therapy Postmortem Feed and meat inspection

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Wildlife Conservation Techniques: Wildlife protection act 1972 National parks Wildlife Sanctuaries Zoological parks Captive breeding Reproductive cloning

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Methods of Wildlife Conservation DR. SACHIN NIMAR

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National Parks A national park is a relatively extensive area: (1) In which one or more ecosystems have not been physically altered by human exploitation and occupation, where plant and animal species, geomorphologic-sites and habitats are of special scientific, educational and recreational interest, or where the natural scenery is of great beauty; (2) Or eliminate exploitation or occupation of the entire area in the briefest possible time and to effectively complete respect for the ecologic, geomorphologic or aesthetic features which lead to its establishment; (3) Where visitors are allowed and special condition for inspirational, educational, cultural and recreational purposes (IUCN). A more than 166 national parks have been authorized In INDIA Kanha National Park (MP) Ranthambore National Park (RAJASTHAN)

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Wildlife Sanctuary “It is an area where killing and capturing of any species of birds or animals is prohibited except under orders of competent authority and whole boundaries and characters should be sacrosanct (free from outrage) as far as possible ”. India has over 551 animal sanctuaries, referred to as Wildlife Sanctuaries. Among these, the 28 Tiger Reserves are governed by Project Tiger. E.g. Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala), Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (ASSAM).. While the principles underlying a wildlife sanctuary and national park are essentially the same viz. maximum protection, the fundamental difference is that a sanctuary is created by order of a competent authority, who may be the Chief Wildlife Warden/Chief Conservator of Forests or Minister of State; while a national park is created and correspondingly can be abolished, mutated or changed only by the Legislation of State. The status and degree of permanency and protection is, therefore, much higher in a national park than in a sanctuary.

PROJECTS:

PROJECTS PROJECT TIGER: Initiated as Centre sector scheme in 1973with 9 reserves. Both Centre and state shares the cost on a 50:50 basis. Its execution is overseen by Steering Committee appointed by GOI under Chairmen, IBWL. PROJECT LION: initiated by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) in 1972. ELEPHANT PROJECT: Launched in 1993 by the central Govt. To afford protection to the elephant. Census was conducted. CROCODILE BREEDING PROJECT: Actual project started from 1975. in this population of crocs with high fecundity level, long reproductive life and could build their no were considered. Protection of eggs, hatchlings and rehabilitation were taken under the work plan.

CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITY OF INDIA :

CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITY OF INDIA CZA of India came into existence in feb . 1992. Wild life protection act 1972, helps in overseeing the management of zoo in india . This organization grants recognition to various zoos maintained in this country,keeping due regards to the norms and standards codifies time to time and is associated with settingup minimum standard for the upkeep and management of zoo.

Sec 51 Penalties :

Sec 51 Penalties Offence related to animal of Schedule I or Part II of Schedule II II - Minimum 3 yrs. Imprisonment upto 7 yrs. AND fine not less than 10,000 /- On second and subsequent offence, Minimum 3 yrs . Imprisonment upto 7 yrs minimum fine 25,000 /-

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WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT, 1972 GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS 1. CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. 2.Global Tiger Forum B. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS 1. WWF- Worldwide Fund for Nature 2. BNHS- Bombay Natural History Society 3. WPSI- Wildlife Preservation Society of India 4. IBWL- Indian Board for Wildlife 5. IUCN 6. CBSG- Conservation Breeding Specialist Group 7. SSC- Species Survival Commission 8. PHVA- Population & Habitat Viability Assessments 9. CAMP- Conservation Assessment & Management Plan

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B) driving any wild animal for any of purposes specified in sub clause (c) injuring or destroying or taking any part of the body of any such animal, or in the case of wild birds or reptiles, damaging the eggs of such birds or reptiles, or disturbing the eggs or nests of such birds or reptiles.

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Species in Schedule I can be hunted only Species in Schedule I can be hunted only in very special conditions in very special conditions if they are a if they are a threat to human life threat to human life. Species in Schedule II can be hunted Species in Schedule II can be hunted if they are a threat to human life or they are a threat to human life or property. Trade of Species in Schedule I or Part II of Trade of Species in Schedule I or Part II of Schedule II invites very stringent Schedule II invites very stringent punishment. Species in Schedule VI are specified Species in Schedule VI are specified plants whose possession, collection, sale plants whose possession, collection, sale etc. is regulated by Chapter III etc. is regulated by Chapter III-A. Species in Schedule V are Vermin which Species in Schedule V are Vermin which can be hunted freely can be hunted freely z This includes This includes •Common crow Common crow •Fruit bats Fruit bats •Mice •Rats

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ZOOCHOSIS Many animals held in captivity begin to show abnormal symptoms reffered to as zoochosis . These neurotic and atypical behaviour occur as a result of boredom,depression , frustation , a lack of mental and physical enrichment and removal from their natural habitat and social structures. Signs of zoochosis include- bar biting, coprophagia,self mutilation ,circling, rocking,swaying,pacing,rolling,twisting,nodding of neck or head, vomiting, frequent licking ,excessive grooming.

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Wildlife Week : 1-8 th October World Earth Day : 22 nd April World Environment Day : 5 th June World Nature Day ; 3 rd October

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