The Vietnam War

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The Vietnam War A Day in the Life:

The Vietnam War A Day in the Life -The Beatles Sabrina Baro

Lieutenant Colonel Peter Dewey:

He was the first American to die in the Vietnam War He was against France’s plan to take over Vietnam As he was in an airport ready to deploy, he speaks to V ietnam soldiers in French and gets shot. Lieutenant Colonel Peter Dewey

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Lieutenant Colonel Peter Dewey

Ho Chi Minh:

Ho Chi Minh He created the Indochinese Communist Party and lead Vietnam’s independence movement from France and Japan. He later forms the Vietminh after Japan takes control.

North and South Vietnam:

North and South Vietnam In 1954, Vietnam splits into two different countries- North and South.

Domino Theory:

President Eisenhower explains his domino theory: Communist countries will fall one by one Domino Theory

Ngo Dinh Diem:

President of South Vietnam Strong anti-communist Catholic in a Buddhist country There were many protests against him for attacking and killing Buddhists Monks lit themselves on fire Ngo Dinh Diem

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Ngo Dinh Diem Monk protest

The Vietcong:

1957 communist opposition group in South Vietnam Attacked Diem’s government, assassinating thousands of South Vietnam government officials Diem initiates the strategic hamlet to move all villagers to protected areas. The Vietcong

Ho Chi Minh Trail:

Ho Chi Minh Trail A path along the borders of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia make up the Ho Chi Minh trail. Fighters stepped up guerrilla tactics and South Vietnam grew unstable.

Rolling Thunder:

February 1965, President Johnson used new powers responding to the Vietcong attack Sustained bombing if North Vietnam June, more than 50,000 American soldiers were battling Vietcong. Vietnam War was Americanized Rolling Thunder

The Containment Theory:

President Johnson, Robert McNamara, and Dean Rusk wrote the containment theory. It sent troops to Vietnam to stop communism The Containment Theory

General Westmoreland:

General of U.S. troops and the Army of the Republic of South Vietnam (ARVN) We lost about 545,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam General Westmoreland

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The Vietcong had 6,000 miles of tunnels underground to hide in

War of Attrition:

Wearing the enemy down Vietnam wins War of Attrition

War Tactics:

War Tactics Napalm, agent orange, and search-and-destroy were some war tactics that were used. Napalm is a gas phosphorus Vaseline and agent orange is a hyper foliate. Soldiers were to search-and-destroy everything.

The Living Room War:

Vietnam was the first war to be televised on T.V. Americans can now see that President Johnson was lying about us winning the war. The Living Room War

Manipulatable Draft:

Manipulatable Draft It was easy to get out of the war- deferment. Enroll in college with a C average Coast guard Medical excuse

PowerPoint Presentation:

There was a disproportionate number of African Americans in Vietnam. They did not have the resources others had.

The New Left:

Growing youth movement of the 1960’s Did not preach socialism Demanded sweeping changes in American society. The New Left

Students for a Democratic Society:

(SDS) A new left organization founded by Tom Hayden and Al Haber in 1960 Corporations and large government institutions had taken over America Called for restoration of “participatory democracy” and greater individual freedom Students for a Democratic Society

Freedom Speech Movement:

Freedom Speech Movement 1964, FSM gained prominence at University of California at Berkeley. It grew out of a clash between students and administration over free speech on campus. It was led by Mario Savio , a philosophy student.

Doves and Hawks:

1967, Americans divided into two camps regarding the war: Doves- Strongly opposed the war and U.S. should withdraw Hawks- strongly believe America should unleash much of its greater military force to win Doves and Hawks

President Johnson:

Remained firm through the war Continued policy of slow escalation, dismissive of doves and hawks Policy created turmoil with his own administration Defense secretary Robert McNamara resigned to become head of world bank President Johnson

1968- The Toughest Year:

1968- The Toughest Year

Vietcong Attacks:

Vietcong Attacks The Vietcong launched an attack in South Vietnam and in the U.S. embassy in Saigon, killing five Americans. It changed millions of minds about the war.

Mainstream Media:

Mainstream media openly criticized the war Changed public opinion Mainstream Media

Robert McNamara Resigns:

Robert McNamara resigned from the defense secretary position President Johnson had to pick Clark Clifford, who concluded the war unwinnable Robert McNamara Resigns

Death of Robert Kennedy:

Death of Robert Kennedy Robert Kennedy, John Kennedy’s brother, was shot by a Palestinian immigrant named Sirhan Sirhan because he was angered by his support of Israel

President Johnson Steps Down:

Lyndon Johnson announces he is stepping down from national politics Will not run another term as president President Johnson Steps Down

Martin Luther King Jr.:

April 4, Martin Luther King was assassinated It caused violence to break out His followers burned buildings and destroyed neighborhoods Martin Luther King Jr.

Humphrey vs McCarthy:

Humphrey vs McCarthy Hubert Humphrey won presidency over Eugene McCarthy, which caused thousands of protesters that turned very violent.

Mayor Daley:

Mayor of Chicago could not keep protesters in order as they gathered in a group to march on the Democratic National Convention The police moved and sprayed and beat the protesters They shouted, “The whole world is watching!” Mayor Daley

Richard Nixon:

Nixon wins the presidential election against Humphrey Promises to restore law and order Created even more protests and uproar 1969, he announces first U.S. troop withdrawals from Vietnam Richard Nixon


Vietnamization Henry Kissinger, national security advisor and German immigrant, was an expert on international relations. His and Nixon’s plan called for the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops in order for the South Vietnamese to take on a more active combat role in the war.

My Lai Massacre:

Calley Jr. had massacred innocent civilians in the small village Troops trying to find Calley shot more than 200 innocent V ietnamese My Lai Massacre

Invasion of Cambodia:

April 30, 1970 Nixon announced that U.S. troops had invaded C ambodia to clear out North Vietnamese and Vietcong supply centers. Invasion of Cambodia

Kent State University:

Kent State University Disaster happened where a massive student protest led to the burning of the ROTC building. National Guard came and fired at campus protesters.

Pentagon Papers:

A 7,000 page document leaked to the press in 1971 by the former defense department work Daniel Ellsberg Revealed that the U.S. government had been honest about its intentions in the war Pentagon Papers

Fall of Saigon:

Fall of Saigon 1975, North Vietnam launched a full-scale invasion against south vietnam .

Khmer Rouge:

Believed to have killed about one million Cambodians A communist group that seized power U.S. invasion of Cambodia unleashed a brutal civil war Khmer Rouge

War Powers Act:

War Powers Act Stipulated that a president must inform congress within forty-eight hours of sending forced into a hostile area without a declaration of war.

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