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Premium member Presentation Transcript Certificate Course in Cyber Laws: Certificate Course in Cyber Laws Lesson 1 Understanding the Technology of Internet : Lesson 1 Understanding the Technology of InternetInformation Technology: Information Technology It refers to both the hardware and software to manage information. The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software of information, especially by means of computers.Components of Internet: Components of Internet Computer Hardware Central Processing Unit (CPU) Motherboard Input Device Output DeviceComponents of Internet: Computer Software Application Software System Software Components of InternetSlide 6: The "Operating System" consists of basic instructions that are necessary for the Computer to run; such as - how to interact with the input and out put devices. It also contains instructions that make it possible to respond to the "Applications” that may be made available through the storage devices.Hardware: HardwareSlide 8: Comprehensive term for all the physical parts of a computer as distinguished from the data it contains or operates on.i. Central Processing Unit: i . Central Processing Unit ‘Brain’ of the computer system Computing part of the computer Parts of CPU a. Arithmetic & Logic Unit b. Control Unitii. Motherboard: ii. Motherboard It is the ‘Central Nervous System’ of the computer System Chipset and auditors Computer channels Basic Input Output System (BIOS) Cache Random Access Memory (RAM)iii. Input Devices: iii. Input Devices Keyboard Mouse Connection Devices Storage Devices Power Supply Cameraiv. Output Device: iv. Output Device Monitor Printers a. Laser printers b. Ink-jet printer SpeakersSoftware’s: Software’sSlide 14: Instructions that tell a computer what to do. The entire set of procedures and routines associated with the operation of a computer system including the operating system.System Software: System Software System Software supports the running of an application programme Operating System Software Communication Software Utility Software Educational Software Entertainment Software Business Application Software Scientific & Engineering Software Real-time SoftwareApplication Software: Application Software Application Software is used to accomplish specific tasks other than just running the computer system Word-processing software Spreadsheet software Database software Desktop publishing software Presentation software Office suite softwareSlide 17: Monitor, Key Board, CPU etc. > "Hardware“ Windows-95 or Windows 98, UNIX, LINUX, Mac etc are "Operating Systems" "Applications" are "Word", "Power Point“ > “Software”Memory: Memory Primary Memory a. RAM b. ROM Secondary Memory Off-line storage a. Hard disk drive b. Floppy disk drives c. Magnetic tapesOrigin of Internet: Origin of Internet ARPA ARPANET NETWORK CONTROL PROTOCOL TCP/IP Protocol CSNET HTML/HTTP NSFNET USENET INTERNETUnderstanding Internet: Understanding Internet “Network of Computer Networks” Global information system a. linked by IP address b. communication link byTCP/IP c. information & service provider at a higher levelSlide 21: Computer Network Interconnection of one or more computers or computer systems or communication device through a. Use of satellite, microwave, terrestrial line, wire, wireless, or other communication media b. Terminals or a complex consisting of two or more interconnected computers or communication devices.Internet Addressing System: Internet Addressing System TCP– Transmission Control Protocol IP - Internet Protocol FTP – File Transfer Protocol HTTP- Hyper Text Transfer Protocol HTML- Hyper Text Markup LanguageINTERNET PROTOCOL: INTERNET PROTOCOLKey Contributors: Key Contributors Vincent Cerf – Father of Internet Tim Berners Lee- Father of WWW Jonathan Postel- Father of Internet Address SystemNetworks: Networks Local Area Network (LAN) Metropolitan Area Network(MAN) State Wide Area Network (SWAN) Wide Area Network (WAN)Types of Connections: Types of Connections Dial-up Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) Broadband ISDN (B-ISDN) Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Cable Connection Internet over Satellite ( IoS ) Wireless Internet Connections Wi-Fi Wi -MaxAdvantages: Advantages E-mail Advertising Video phoning Data Transfer Streaming Media WebcamsDisadvantages: Disadvantages Theft of personal information Pornography Virus threat SpammingCyberspace: Cyberspace Denotes virtual world of computers A consensual hallucination experienced daily by billions of legitimate users A three dimensional representation of virtual space in a computer network The imaginary space of interaction between networked computersNature of Cyberspace: Nature of Cyberspace No Uniformity No Jurisdiction No Territoriality No single authorityWorld Wide Web: www.sdmlc.org It connects of a network where documents created in hypertext markup language (html) or equivalent are placed in different “Host Computers” and can be accessed through “Hyper linking” World Wide WebCyber Laws: Cyber LawsSlide 39: Cyberspace Real Space Real world Non cyberspace Meta Space Virtal world\spaceCyber Laws: Cyber Laws Cyber Property Cyber Contracts Cyber Privacy Cyber Governance Free Cyber Speech Peaceful Cyber ExistenceScope of Cyber Laws: Scope of Cyber Laws “ Fundamental “ Law of the Cyberspace Digital Contracts Intellectual Property Rights of Netizens in CyberspaceNetizen: Netizen A citizen of the Cyber world One who has an existence in the Cyber world with an identity Netizen exists within the ‘Cyber Nation’Cyber Transactions: Cyber Transactions Maintenance of website Sending & receiving e-mails Online chats Posting message on Message Boards Buying & selling on the internet Banking & stock trading Cyber cafesE-commerce: E-commerce Catalogue Option to go round Invoice on confirmation On-line payment Mechanism Payment Gateway Shipment of the goodsTypes of E-Commerce: Types of E-Commerce B2C – Business to Consumer C2C – Consumer to Consumer B2B – Business to BusinessE- Business as the Hub: E- Business as the Hub Planning of Marketing & Distribution Finance on virtual assets Misuse of top executives & rumors Customer Relations ManagementInformation Technology Act, 2000: Information Technology Act, 2000 Information rendered or made available in electronic form Accessible so as to be useful for a subsequent referencedExceptions: Exceptions Negotiable Instruments Power of Attorney Trust Deeds Wills Any contract of ConveyanceElectronic Documents: Electronic Documents Bridging Provision Documents to be in writing To be signedAdvantages of ED: Advantages of ED Authentication by Signature Non-repudiation by contracting parties Confidentiality during Transmission Integrity of data during transmissionElectronic Record: Electronic Record A record generated, stored, sent or received by electronic means and includes data, image or sound. Section 2 (t) of IT Act, 2000Contn……: Contn…… Collection of Bits and Bytes Data stored in ATMs, Mobiles, Digital scanners used in medical profession Electronic records stored in electronic devices – floppies, CDs, USB drives, Flash cards etcUnits of Storage: Units of Storage Unit Bytes Bytes 1 KB 2 10 1024 1MB 2 20 (2 10 × 2 10) 1048576 1 GB 2 10 (2 10 × 2 10 × 2 10 ) 1073741824 1 TB 2 10 (2 10 × 2 10 × 2 10 2 10 × 2 10 ) 1099511627776Amendments: Amendments Made to Indian Penal Code Indian Evidence Act Bankers Book Evidence Act Reserve Bank of India Act Negotiable Instruments ActE-Contracts: E-Contracts Offer Acceptance ConsiderationCyber Jurisprudence: Cyber JurisprudenceJurisprudence: Jurisprudence Study of the “Science of Law” It deals with understanding the principles of Law Originated in Rome Novel or doubtful cases “Juris Prudente s” Important for people who “Frame Laws & interprets Law”Cyber Jurisprudence: Cyber Jurisprudence Historical Jurisprudence Analytical Jurisprudence Ethical JurisprudenceHistorical Jurisprudence: Historical Jurisprudence The study of the evolution of law in the society with a historical perspective. It is of little relevance.Analytical Jurisprudence : Analytical Jurisprudence The study of the principles of Law as they exists in the system. Helps in formulating laws by taking examples from other countriesEthical Jurisprudence : Ethical Jurisprudence The ethics of Law as they ought to be. It is of paramount importanceTHANK YOU…: THANK YOU… You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.