organic farming

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ORGANIC FARMING:

ORGANIC FARMING SIR ALBERT HOWARD IS WIDELY CONSIDER TO BE THE FATHER OF ORGANIC FARMING. BY- SAMANT JHA s4samant@gmail.com 1

PowerPoint Presentation:

ORGANIC FARMING Organic farming is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people Organic agriculture is a unique crop production management system which excludes all synthetic off -farm inputs Organic farming is a system which largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs and rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection 2

PowerPoint Presentation:

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY WITHOUT SYNTHETIC INPUTS ORGANIC FARMING 3

Principles of Organic farming :

Principles of Organic farming Nature is capital Soil is the source of life Feed the soil, not the plant Diversification of production system Antimaterialism Nature is capital Soil is the source of life Feed the soil, not the plant Diversification of production system Antimaterialism 4

PowerPoint Presentation:

Parameter Organic farming Conventional farming Size Smaller Marginal Dependent operations Large scale Economically tied to major food corporation Method No external inputs Less mechanization Use of organic inputs Heavy use of chemicals Mechanized production using special equipment and facilities Technology Nature based Environment friendly Sustainable Synthetic, harmful to environment Nutrient depleting Products Good in taste, flavour, nutrition and free from chemicals Tasteless, less nutritious, contain toxic residues of chemicals Market Local, direct to consumer Farmers markets Wholesaler market, high volume of produce COMPARISION 5

FACINATING ORGANIC !:

FACINATING ORGANIC ! Organic! Tastes good! In a two years study as made in western suburbs of Chicago, it has been observed that the average levels of minerals were much higher in the organically grown than in the conventionally grown food. Calcium is 63% higher, Iron 73%, Magnesium118%, Molybdenum 178%, Phosphorus91%,Potassium125%and Zinc 60% (Hong Kong Organic Directory - 2004) Organic produce contains more vitamins, minerals, enzymes, trace elements and even cancer fighting anti oxidants than conventionally grown food (Bhattacharya et al ., 2005) 6

FACINATING ORGANIC !:

FACINATING ORGANIC ! Organically grown crops may have, average, a higher nutrient content than crops grown with chemical fertilizers and pesticides The risk of produce grown organically being contaminated with pesticide residues is much smaller than with conventionally produced crops. ) We Should Search For Some Organic Plots to Survive Bachav !!! Inorganic pots 7

FACINATING ORGANIC !:

FACINATING ORGANIC ! Nutrient contents of organic over non-organic foods showed significantly higher amounts of minerals, vitamins, and dry matter Organic agriculture, which has a holistic approach that includes taking care of human beings needs and rights, is supposed to be beneficial for all people involved at all levels. organic 8

Organic Input:

Organic Input Availability Live stock = 2.47 million ton Crop residues = 2.00 million ton Biogas slurry = 0.12 million ton Biofertiliser = 0.20 million ton Green manure = 0.10 million ton City refuse = 0.68 million ton Others = 1.00 million ton (Rural compost, Vermicompost, = 6.57 million ton Ag. Waste) Total = 7.0 million ton Biopesticide = 1000 ton 9

PowerPoint Presentation:

Type Products Commodity Tea, Coffee, Rice, Wheat Spices Cardamom, Black pepper, white pepper, ginger, turmeric, vanilla, mustard, tamarind, clove, cinnamon, nutmeg, mace chilly Pulses Red Gram, Black Gram Fruits Mango, Banana, Pineapple, Grape, passion fruit, Orange, Cashew nut, walnut Vegetables Okra, Brinjal, Garlic, Onion, Tomato, Potato Oilseeds Sesame, castor, sunflower Others Cotton, herbal extract Major products produced in India by Organic Farming 10

Guideline of Organic Standard for food process:

Guideline of Organic Standard for food process Handling/processing of organic products should be optimized to maintain quality Flavoring extracts preferably be organic Organic & non-organic product shall not be stored & transported together. Special condition of storage permitted (controlled atmosphere, cooling, freezing, Drying) Humidity regulation ethylene gas for ripening permitted Biodegradable packaging materials shall be used (Packaging through product like benzooxazolyl, methoxymethyl flourine etc. prohibited) 11

PowerPoint Presentation:

India has identified six Accreditation Agencies for certification or organic products APEDA Tea Board Coffee Board Spices Board Coconut Development Board Directorate of Cashew and Cocoa Board 12

THANK YOU:

THANK YOU EAT ORGANIC LIVE ORGANIC DREAM ORGANIC 13

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