Session 08 - Health Protection

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

Diseases Law Sciences Engineering Important Components of EH If we are to strengthen the EH Services than we need to increase our understanding of the above! Physical Biological Social

Slide 2: 

Surveillance Enforcement Promotion Environmental Health Empowerment Legal action Monitoring Strengthening the key functions

Slide 3: 

HEALTHY ISLANDS APPROACH HEALTH PROTECTION HEALTH PROMOTION Community Programs Policy & Legislation HEALTHY ISLANDS CONCEPTS PROGRAM SETTINGS Healthy Hospitals Healthy Schools Healthy Markets Healthy Workplaces Healthy Parks Nutrition Food NCDs Waste NETWORK G.Os & NGOs G.Os & NGOs G.Os & NGOs G.Os & NGOs WHO Model of Healthy Islands

Slide 4: 

Strengthening of Legislations Strengthening the key EH Functions Protection The legal role

Slide 5: 

What is: a Bill - an Act - Ordinance - Regulation - Subsidiary Legislation - By Law- Decree - Statute - Strengthening the key EH Functions Define

Important legal issues for EH Managers : 

Important legal issues for EH Managers Legislations prescribe what and how work should be done Set standards and procedures Appointment Form of health promotion and education tool Consistence and sustainable EH Work is 99% legal A great need to strengthen Legal aspects of EH

Slide 7: 

Formulation of new legislations Enactment Process Review of existing Legislations Enforcement of legislations Process Prosecution Strengthening of Legislation Strengthening the key EH Functions

Characteristics of an Act : 

Characteristics of an Act Broad based - details in regulations Address Process - application, procedures Address current and future trends/issues Provision for Penalty – deterrent Smaller in size than regulations Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 9: 

i. FORMULATE - New Legislations Structure Content Process/Administration Penalty Strengthening the key EH Functions When…there is a need for a new Act

Slide 10: 

ii. REVIEW - Existing Act Review is required every ten to fifteen years When: Major changes needed on the Act. Existing Act is inadequate or outdated. Changes are more than what is provided for in the regulation section. Strengthening the key EH Functions

The Review/Formulation Process : 

The Review/Formulation Process Who should be involved in the review? Other stakeholders ? Consultant ? Submissions - Oral or written Public Hearing Review Period Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 12: 

Part 1: Preliminary Part 2: CBH and Local Authority Part 3: Building Part 4: Food Premises Part 5: Sanitary Services Part 6: Nuisances Part 7: Infectious Diseases Part 8: Venereal Diseases Part 9: Offensive Trades Part 10: Lodging Houses Part 11: Mosquitoes Part 12: Ships Part 13: Water Supply Part 14: Laundries Part 15: By Laws and Regulations Part 16: Legal Proceedings Fiji - Public Health Act An Example of a structure of an Act Is the structure still relevant ? 1. Review/Formulate the structure

Slide 13: 

What is missing that needs to be included? What is there that needs to be repealed? What other legislations should be considered? Is it a total review or certain sections only ? 2. Review/formulate the content Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 14: 

How should the Act be administered? Who should administered it? What is missing? What is there that needs to be repeal? How can we make the Bill politician friendly? How often should the Act be review? Is it a total review or certain sections only ? 3. Review/formulate Administration of the Act

Slide 15: 

Relevant Legislations to be consulted: Quarantine Act Food Safety Act Building Code Town & Country Planning Act Environment Management Act Other legislations Strengthening the key EH Functions

ii. Formulation of an Act : 

ii. Formulation of an Act Bill – Act Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 17: 

Formulation - Ministry responsible (Director/ CEO) Discipline (EH) Legal Officer in Ministry Legal Draftsman - Solicitor General’s Office Consultation of stakeholders Public Hearing Formulation of a Bill Minister to present in Parliament Sector Committee Consultation EH to make submission Parliament to approve - Lower & Upper House Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 18: 

Important stakeholders to consult in formulating a Bill: Environmental Health Officers Legal Officers in the Ministry Solicitor General’s Office Other countries Legislations Strengthening the key EH Functions

iii. ENFORCEMENT : 

iii. ENFORCEMENT Enforcement Authority (s) Enforcement Officers Legal Process Legal Notices Legal Charges on non compliance of notices Charges Summon Legal Protection of Human Health !

Prosecution : 

Prosecution The process of bringing legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior. After charges laid and summon served Court Procedures Penalties Cost Continuous Offence Inform others Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 21: 

Important stakeholders to consult in prosecuting cases: Environmental Health Officers Legal Officers in the Ministry Director of Public Prosecution Past cases Strengthening the key EH Functions

Slide 22: 

Strengthening of Surveillance Strengthening the key EH Functions Surveillance The monitoring role

Slide 23: 

Review existing system Strengthening Surveillance Strengthening the key EH Functions Student Activity

Slide 24: 

Strengthening Surveillance Strengthening the key EH Functions In not more than three type pages : List some of the ways in which EH can strengthen their Surveillance activities. Briefly discuss how this can be achieved. What type of support is needed to ensure that the changes are sustained. Conclude with brief recommendations and conclusion.

Thank You : 

Thank You

authorStream Live Help