SKATEBOARDING

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Skateboarding is an action sport which involves riding and performing tricks using a skateboard. A person who skateboards is most often referred to as a skateboarder, or colloquially within the skateboarding community, a skater . SKATEBOADING

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1940s–1960s Skateboarding was probably born sometime in the late 1940s or early 1950s when surfers in California wanted something to surf when the waves were flat. No one knows who made the first board; it seems that several people came up with similar ideas at around the same time. These first skateboarders started with wooden boxes or boards with roller skate wheels attached to the bottom. The boxes turned into planks, and eventually companies were producing decks of pressed layers of wood – similar to the skateboard decks of today. During this time, skateboarding was seen as something to do for fun besides surfing, and was therefore often referred to as "Sidewalk Surfing". The first manufactured skateboards were ordered by a California surf shop, meant to be used by surfers in their downtime. The shop owner, Bill Richard, made a deal with the Chicago Roller Skate Company to produce sets of skate wheels, which they attached to square wooden boards. Accordingly, skateboarding was originally denoted "sidewalk surfing" and early skaters emulated surfing style and maneuvers. Crate scooters preceded skateboards, and were borne of a similar concept, with the exception of having a wooden crate attached to the nose (front of the board), which formed rudimentary handlebars. [] A number of surfing manufacturers such as Makaha started building skateboards that resembled small surfboards, and assembling teams to promote their products. The popularity of skateboarding at this time spawned a national magazine, Skateboarder Magazine, and the 1965 international championships were broadcast on national television. The growth of the sport during this period can also be seen in sales figures for Makaha , which quoted $10 million worth of board sales between 1963 and 1965 ( Weyland , 2002:28). Yet by 1966 the sales had dropped significantly (ibid) and Skateboarder Magazine had stopped publication. The popularity of skateboarding dropped and remained low until the early 1970s HISTORY Of SKATEBOARDING

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1970s In the early 1970s, Frank Nasworthy started to develop a skateboard wheel made of polyurethane calling his company Cadillac Wheels. [4] Prior to this new material, skateboards wheels were metal or "clay" wheels. The improvement in traction and performance was so immense that from the wheel's release in 1972 the popularity of skateboarding started to rise rapidly again, causing companies to invest more in product development. Nasworthy commissioned artist Jim Evans to do a series of paintings promoting Cadillac Wheels, they were featured as ads and posters in the resurrected Skateborder magazine, and proved immensely popular in promoting the new style of skateboarding. Many companies started to manufacture trucks (axles) specially designed for skateboarding, reached in 1976 by Tracker Trucks. As the equipment became more maneuverable, the decks started to get wider, reaching widths of 10 inches (250 mm) and over, thus giving the skateboarder even more control. Banana board is a term used to describe skateboards made of polypropylene that were skinny, flexible, with ribs on the underside for structural support and very popular during the mid-1970s. They were available in myriad colors, bright yellow probably being the most memorable, hence the name. Manufacturers started to experiment with more exotic composites and metals, like fiberglass and aluminium , but the common skateboards were made of maple plywood. The skateboarders took advantage of the improved handling of their skateboards and started inventing new tricks. Skateboarders, most notably Ty Page, Bruce Logan, Bobby Piercy , Kevin Reed, and the Z-Boys (so-called because of their local Zephyr surf shop) started to skate the vertical walls of swimming pools that were left empty in the 1976 California drought. This started the vert trend in skateboarding. With increased control, vert skaters could skate faster and perform more dangerous tricks, such as slash grinds and frontside /backside airs. This caused liability concerns and increased insurance costs to skatepark owners, and the development (first by Norcon,then more successfully by Rector) of improved knee pads that had a hard sliding cap and strong strapping proved to be too-little-too-late. During this era, the "freestyle" movement in skateboarding began to splinter off and develop into a much more specialized discipline, characterized by the development of a wide assortment of flat-ground tricks.

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1980s This period was fueled by skateboard companies that were run by skateboarders. The focus was initially on vert ramp skateboarding. The invention of the no-hands aerial (later known as the ollie ) by Alan Gelfand in Florida in 1976 [6] and the almost parallel development of the grabbed aerial by George Orton and Tony Alva in California made it possible for skaters to perform airs on vertical ramps. While this wave of skateboarding was sparked by commercialized vert ramp skating, a majority of people who skateboarded during this period never rode vert ramps. Because most people could not afford to build vert ramps or did not have access to nearby ramps, street skating gained popularity. Freestyle skating remained healthy throughout this period with pioneers such as Rodney Mullen inventing many of the basic tricks of modern street skating such as the Impossible and the kickflip . The influence freestyle had on street skating became apparent during the mid-eighties, but street skating was still performed on wide vert boards with short noses, slide rails, and large soft wheels. Skateboarding, however, evolved quickly in the late 1980s to accommodate the street skater. Since few skateparks were available to skaters at this time, street skating pushed skaters to seek out shopping centers and public and private property as their "spot" to skate. Public opposition, and the threat of lawsuits, forced businesses and property owners to ban skateboarding on their property ] By 1992, only a small fraction of skateboarders remained as a highly technical version of street skating, combined with the decline of vert skating, produced a sport that lacked the mainstream appeal to attract new skaters.

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1990s–present The current generation of skateboards is dominated by street skateboarding. Most boards are about 7 1 ⁄ 4 to 8 inches (180 to 200 mm) wide and 30 to 32 inches (760 to 810 mm) long. The wheels are made of an extremely hard polyurethane, with hardness ( durometer ) approximately 99A. The wheel sizes are relatively small so that the boards are lighter, and the wheel's inertia is overcome quicker, thus making tricks more manageable. Board styles have changed dramatically since the 1970s but have remained mostly alike since the mid 1990s. The contemporary shape of the skateboard is derived from the freestyle boards of the 1980s with a largely symmetrical shape and relatively narrow width. This form had become standard by the mid '90s. Go Skateboarding Day was created in 2004 by a group of skateboarding companies to promote skateboarding and help make it more noticeable to the world. It is celebrated every year on June 21.

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History The first skatepark in the world Carlsbad Skatepark in Carlsbad, California , designed and built by inventors Jack Graham and John O'Malley in March 1976. In more extreme climates parks were built indoors, often of wood or metal. By the end of 1970s the skateboarding fad had waned, and the original parks of the era began to close. A downturn in the general skateboard market in the 1980s and high liability insurance premiums contributed to the demise of the original skateparks . Some second-generation parks such as Upland, California 's Pipeline survived into the 1980s. However, few of the private parks of the 1970s remain, with the notable exception of Kona Skatepark in Jacksonville, Florida , United States. [1] However, many public parks of that era can still be found throughout Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand. SKATEPARKS

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Types of skateparks Skatepark in Davis, California , U.S. Unlike organized sports, like basketball or football, skateboarding has no set arena or rules and skateparks have no standard design template. Each skatepark is designed specifically to provide unique challenges to its users. There are, however, three main categories of skatepark design: bowl, street plaza and flow parks. Bowl parks are designed to emulate and improve upon the pool skating experience. Skaters in bowl parks can move around the park without taking their feet off the board to push. The curved walls of bowls allow skaters to ride around and across the bowl in addition to the back and forth skating you might see on a traditional half pipe. Bowls and bowl parks come in an endless variety of shapes and sizes but most bowls are between 3' and 12’ deep. Street plaza parks are the favorite of the vast majority of skaters and they are designed to emulate and improve upon the street skating experience. Obstacles in a street plaza are styled to look like natural street terrain such as stairs, railings, planters and benches. Skaters will push off with their feet to gain momentum in a street plaza.

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If you count total, there are 35 skateboarding tricks. Where as the basics are Pushing, Turning, Stopping, Dropping and Popping. TRICK SKATING

TRICKS: 

TRICKS Ollie Kick flip Shove it 180 Flamingo Primo flip Toe flip 360 flip Hospital flip Dolphin flip Heel flip Pressure flip Stanton flip Haslom flip Nose flip Finger flip

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Casper flip Laser flip Calfwrap Boneless No comply Homo flip Pretzle flip Alpha flip Mystry flip Semi flip Featherflip Frostry flip

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Nightmare flip Disco flip Day dream flip Mustard flip Haslam flip 360 ollie

LETS HAVE A LOOK AT PARTS OF SKATEBOARD: 

LETS HAVE A LOOK AT PARTS OF SKATEBOARD

BRANDS OF SKATEBOARD PARTS : 

Deck baker Dark star Element Plan b Zoo york BRANDS OF SKATEBOARD PARTS

[Skateboard’s brand is always known as its deck brand, If the other parts need to be replaced. you can take the following brands]: 

Trucks 1.Element 2.Debut 3. Zoo york 4.Fury 5.thensor [Skateboard’s brand is always known as its deck brand , If the other parts need to be replaced. you can take the following brands]

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Wheels Almost Alien worshop Element Plan b Zoo york

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Bearing Bakers Zoo york Element Plan b Darkstar

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Skateboard shoes 1.Adio 2.DC shoes 3.Element 4.Addidas 5.Nike 6.0 dc shoes

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Precaution for your skateboard 1.Never hold your skateboard with trucks, hold its deck. 2.Avoid skating in rain. it can destroy your grip tape. 3.Don’t bring your skateboard in potholes. it can damage your wheels. SAFETY

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Precautions for you 1.Always wear 3important things Helmet Elbow pads Knee pads And most important, proper shoes

PRO SKATING: 

PRO SKATING There are many pro skaters in the world. But there are only two current famous skaters. THEY ARE:- Tony Hawk Rodney Mullen

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Tony hawk

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Rodney Mullen

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BOTH ARE FOM USA AND ARE PRO FROM 20 YEARS. TONY HAWK’s famous trick is 900. RODNEY MULLEN is the inventor of kick flip.

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Now friends did you enjoy the knowledge of Skateboarding? I hope it is yes. Now after this don’t you have the desire to become Tony Hawk or Rodney Mullen. Then, what are you waiting for? wake up the skater in you and go SKATE! By Rugved