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Prof., CUH.Slide 2: Women of today These are not representative of the condition of Indian Women-Many faces are behind these: Many faces are behind these Source: BBC News Source: AFPVienna Declaration-: Vienna Declaration- The world has recognized that the human rights of women and of the girl-child are "an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights." (Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, para. 18.)Quoted by WHO Director-Gen.: Quoted by WHO Director-Gen. We will not see sustainable progress unless we fix failures in health systems and society so that girls and women enjoy equal access to health information and services, education, employment and political positions. — Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General, World Health Organization, and, opportunity for women and girls for better health, International Women’s Day, March 8, 2010Present scenario : Present scenario Thirty years after the adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), many girls and women still do not have equal opportunities to realize rights recognized by law.Miserable condition of Education : Miserable condition of Education Despite widespread agreement that all people have the fundamental human right to education, 100 million children, at least 60% of them girls, do not have access to primary education. 960 million adults in the world are illiterate, and more than two-thirds of them are women.Suffered from Domestic violence- : Suffered from Domestic violence- Physical, psychological, and sexual violence against women and girls, public and private, plagues all societies and classes and poses tremendous obstacles to the achievement of equality, development and peace. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), 4917cases of domestic violence were reported in the country from 1998-2001.Custodial violence against women- : Custodial violence against women- Arbitrary and unlawful deprivation of life by government forces (including deaths in custody and staged encounter killings) continued throughout the year 2010. The highest incidences were in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, as well as states with ongoing insurgencies such as Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, and Assam.Facing problem in Freedom of Speech- : Facing problem in Freedom of Speech- Under many tribal land systems, notably in Bihar, tribal women do not have the right to own land and even they can not raise their voice against this. Which is a fundamental right.. Honor killing- : . Honor killing - In northern states of Punjab and Haryana many women lost their lives. Human rights organizations estimated that up to 10 percent of all killings in those two states were so-called honor killings; however, the true number of such killings may be much higher.Sexual harassment-: Sexual harassment- In June 2003, a senior Professor at the Madras Institute of Development Studies published a study in which she chronicled the hazards faced by women in the workforce. In June 2010, the National Commission for Women and the Press Institute of India jointly released a report that found that a majority of women experienced gender discrimination at their workplaces.Exploitation of right to life- : Exploitation of right to life- According to reports in India, genetic testing for sex selection has become a booming business, especially in the country's northern regions. A study of amniocentesis procedures conducted in a large Bombay hospital found that 95.5 per cent of fetuses identified as female were aborted compared with a far smaller percentage of male fetuses.Time is changing ------: Time is changing ------Legal steps against women violence in world- : Legal steps against women violence in world- On 9 June 1994, the Organization of American States adopted the Inter-American Convention to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence against Women (also called Convention of Belém do Parà), a new international instrument that recognizes all gender-based violence as an abuse of human rights.Cont----: Cont---- In Australia, a National Committee on Violence against Women was established to coordinate the development of policy, legislation and law enforcement at the national level as well as community education on violence against women.Indian government steps-: Indian government steps- Equal Remuneration Act of 1976, the Prevention of Immoral Traffic Act of 1956, the Sati (Widow Burning) Prevention Act of 1987, and the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961.Women Right Division-: Women Right Division- The Women's Rights Division of Human Rights Watch fights against the dehumanization and marginalization of women.Summery-: Summery- The realization of women's rights is a global struggle based on universal human rights and the rule of law. It requires all of us to unite in solidarity to end traditions, practices, and laws that harm women. It is a fight for freedom to be fully and completely human and equal without apology or permission. Thanks for your attention: Thanks for your attention You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.