CHARACTERISTICS OF NURSING AND PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE : CHARACTERISTICS OF NURSING AND PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE BY ROSEMARY PALMER RN, RM, BSc Hons(Sport science & administration)
ADM DEFINITION of ETHOS : DEFINITION of ETHOS A GUIDE TO THE THE MEANING, CHARACTERISTICS, DISPOSITION:
The study of the nature, social foundations, philosophy, theories, history, law ,composition, role, ethics and social relationships of nursing.
EACH section is a specific area of study in ‘Nursing”
Nursing evolved from a human need- health & illness
Societal rules developed early on for the preservation of the species
Care of individuals and families to attain and maintain health life long
A science and art ETHOS UNDERPINNING : ETHOS UNDERPINNING ETHICAL BASIS PHILOSOPHY
THEORY QUALITY OF PRACTICE ETHOS ETHOS v HISTORY : ETHOS v HISTORY NURSING ETHOS AND HISTORY:
history is not ethos and ethos is not nursing. History does however influence ethos.
Nursing ethos & nursing history is the manifestation of the interaction of societal dynamics and the dynamics of nursing itself.
ETHOS a combined study of:
nature social foundations
social relationships composition
PERTAINING TO NURSING. PROFESSIONAL NURSING ETHOS : PROFESSIONAL NURSING ETHOS Must have specialized knowledge and its applications
Must have specialized education
Must have examinations to demonstrate competence
Must have register/ roll
Must have rules for entry into register
Entry into register is not permanent
Community must recognize specialist knowledge etc
Must have an association/ watchdog/ standards setter
Laws to cover profession & legally recognized
Ethics/ rules/ regulations
Protected title /insignia THREATS TO ETHOS : THREATS TO ETHOS Can be undermined by:
Task orientated care
Pressure & confusion as to nurse role
Cost conscious situations
Increase and specialization of healthcare categories
Too many ‘nursing’ categories e.g. EN, ENA ODA
technology PURPOSE-WHAT IS NURSING? : PURPOSE-WHAT IS NURSING? To promote and maintain health
To care for people when their health in compromised
To assist recovery
To facilitate independence
To meet needs
To improve/ maintain well being & quality of health. CHARACTERISTICS OF NURSING: : CHARACTERISTICS OF NURSING: Has a particular purpose –to promote healing, growth, development, prevent disease illness or injury. Minimize distress & suffering. Educate people to understand & cope with their illness & treatments. To give the best quality of life until death.
A particular mode of intervention – empowering people, helping them to achieve, maintain & recover independence. Identification of nursing needs. Advocacy. Also includes management teaching policy & knowledge development. cont : cont A particular domain – peoples unique responses to illness, health, disability, frailty within their context. Responses may be psycho-social, biological, cultural r spiritual.
A particular focus – the whole person and the whole human response.
A particular value base – ethical values respecting autonomy, dignity, individuality, personal accountability, the unique nurse-patient relationship,. Expressed in written codes of ethics and supported by professional regulation.
A commitment to partnership – patients, relatives, carers, other health professionals. Co-ordinator, leader, team player. Always accountable for own actions & decisions. DEFINING NURSING : DEFINING NURSING Why is a definition for nursing needed? : Why is a definition for nursing needed? To put a framework on a profession that can be observed by all – a model (see professional definition)
Can only set standards of practice once there is a clear framework of what nursing is.
Gives status and relationship with other health professions