Hazards of E-WASTE : Hazards of E-WASTE BY
07 ECE 44 LIFE CYCLE OF GENERAL PRODUCTS : LIFE CYCLE OF GENERAL PRODUCTS Slide 3: What is E-Waste E-waste : E-waste The term E-Waste applies to all the wastes from or caused by Electronic items (WEEE).
Technological development is the main reason.
IRG(Internationl Resources Group) vastly deals with this types of hazards to the environment.
Slowly but strongly, E-waste is becoming a thread to the world. Slide 5: IT & Telecom Equipments
Large Household Appliances
Small Household Appliances
Consumer & Lighting Equipments
Electrical & Electronic Tools
Toys & Sports Equipment
Monitoring & Control Instruments Sources of WEEE Environmental Impact : Environmental Impact One desktop & One 17” Monitor equates to the use of
22kgs of Chemicals
1500kgs of water
240kgs of fossil fuels
Same as a mid size car
5% oil refined today is used in manufacturing plastics
4-7kgs of plastic is used to manufacture new PC Slide 7: The total e-waste discarded around the world
50 million tons per year Slide 8: Reason for our worries Effects of E-waste : Effects of E-waste Discarded electronics contain hazardous materials.
If disposed improperly, they pose a potential threat to human health and the environment.
May contaminate groundwater
E-Waste accounts for 40 percent of the lead and 75 percent of the heavy metals found in landfills. Slide 12: Cadmium in batteries Lead in solder joints Plastics in cables Slide 13: HAZARDS Slide 14: BURNING OF E-WASTE POLLUTION Slide 15: GREEN
ENVIRONMENT LAND IS DESTROYED Slide 16: WASTE NEAR WATER GROUND WATER
CONTAMINATION Slide 17: E-waste in
INDIA E-wastes in INDIA : Maharashtra : 20,270 tons
Tamilnadu : 13,486 tons
Andrapradesh : 12,780 tons
Uttarpradesh : 10,381 tons
Westbengal : 10,059 tons
Delhi : 9,729 tons
Karnataka : 9,118 tons
Gujarat : 8,994 tons
Madyapradesh : 7,800 tons E-wastes in INDIA Slide 20: Recycling of E-waste Recycling : Recycling E-waste represents a potentially rich source of secondary raw materials.
Safe handling and disposal are the main challenges.
The worldwide market for E-waste is growing by almost 9% per year , from $7.2 billion in 2004 to a projected $11 billion in 2009. RECYCLING SCHEME : RECYCLING SCHEME Landfill : Landfill 0% recovery
100% Contamination shredding and recovery process : shredding and recovery process 20% to 30% recovery
Based on mix PGM Recycling : PGM Recycling 95% to 98% recovery
Based on mix Slide 26: Laws on
E-waste LEGISLATION : E-waste components, which are hazardous in nature need to be covered under the preview of
The Hazardous Waste (Management and handling) Rules 2003
The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001
The Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000. LEGISLATION How to reduce e-Waste? : How to reduce e-Waste? Reduce
Recover Zero land fill Collection of computers at Washington, united states for recycling. : Collection of computers at Washington, united states for recycling.