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Pedestrian priority in urban area and usefulness towards community


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Seminar Title “Pedestrian priority in urban area and usefulness towards community”:

Seminar Title “ Pedestrian priority in urban area and usefulness towards community ” DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SARVAJANIK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY , SURAT ME Civil – Town & Country Planning  Presented By: Manoj L. Patel Faculty In charge:- Prof. Bhasker Bhatt Subject:- Seminar (730001) 1


Introduction Transportation network has become nerve of any city, the paradox here is that though meant for human travel, these road hardly provide any quality space for pedestrian. There is a requirement of combining traffic issues with pedestrian in a comprehensive manner and will make it as important part of road design. 2


Introduction Workable public transit and more occasions for walking should be prime objectives of urban planners. The Pedestrian Zone is the primary component of every street in a city. It is not only a zone to ensure smooth, comfortable, conflict free movement of pedestrians and public transport users, but also an area which shapes social interactions, safety and quality of life of people in a city. 3

Pedestrian characteristics:

Pedestrian characteristics Pedestrian’s characteristics can be divided into various groups such as physical space required walking ability, walking speed depends on age, gender, physical condition. 4


MAIN PRINCIPLES Mobility - An Obstruction free, safe, comfortable and continuous walking zone Ecology: - Usage of Pervious Paving to build Natural Drainage Systems - Reduce Heat Island Effect Safety/Comfort - Provide accessibility ramps and tactile paving for the Handicapped- Continuous and uniform walking area- Trees 5

Role of non motorized modes of travels:

Role of non motorized modes of travels The proliferation of motorization leads to increase traffic congestion, environmental deterioration and traffic accidents. Non motorized transport ( NMT ) is one of the effective alternates to alleviate negative aspects of motorization. The non motorized mode of travel consist of pedestrian movements, bicycles, cycle rickshaws and animal drawn vehicles. 6

Role of non motorized modes of travels:

Role of non motorized modes of travels Human is non polluting, safe & user friendly as well as involved low cost for operations. Waking is perhaps the most fundamental mode of transport for short distances and next reliable mode seems to be the bicycles. Quality urban environment ensuring safety, proximity and access are also essential to maximize non motorized travel. 7

Importance of pedestrian facilities:

Importance of pedestrian facilities Circulation of pedestrian is of vital importance's to the modern metropolis. In urban area of developing countries, the pedestrian trips constitutes a significant portion of the total trips. Managing pedestrian traffic 8

Planning for pedestrian movement:

Planning for pedestrian movement Priority should be accorded in the design of routes used by school children, senior citizens, physical challenged person and commuters. Pedestrian facilities should be continuous along all major streets and highways. This should be direct and interconnect with all the modes of transportation. Segregates the pedestrian from vehicular traffic to reduced conflicts and accidents. 9

Pedestrian crossings:

Pedestrian crossings Designated pedestrian crossings are necessary to ensure safety of pedestrian wishing to cross busy urban roads. the types of pedestrian crossings include: zebra crossing pedestrian underpass pedestrian over bridge 10

Zebra crossings:

Zebra crossings A zebra crossing is a cheapest device to provide a protected crossing. zebra crossings with pedestrian activated signal control are not very effective in cities in developing countries due to misuse. zebra crossings & pedestrian refuges 11

Pedestrian underpasses:

Pedestrian underpasses Engineering measure towards reduction of accidents. It involves high cost on construction and maintenance. Complete elimination of conflicts between pedestrian and vehicles at point of crossing A pedestrian underpasses can effectively attract users and afford them a protected crossing. On the other hand, an underpass not used by pedestrian due to inappropriate location, inadequate design, unimaginative access treatment, or unsatisfactory perception may turn out to be a liability to the community. 12

Pedestrian over bridge:

Pedestrian over bridge Pedestrian over bridges across roads have generally been unsuccessful People hesitate to climb stairs and look for alternatives. Pedestrian over bridges are likely to be successful only across railway tracks and across wide roads with heavy traffic. provision of escalators would encourage the aged and the children to use the over bridges. Elevated walkways may be found successful across roads opposite railway stations. 13

Pedestrian malls:

Pedestrian malls The quality of life in the CBD tends to suffer from the adverse effects of motor traffic; smoke, noise, visual intrusion and lack of safety. This is particularly evident in shopping activities. Trend is to declare certain areas in the CBD as pedestrian malls Permit servicing of the shops during the night hours. Parking for private vehicles at the periphery of pedestrian malls are essential. 14

people mover:

people mover People mover systems are those specially meant for movement of car users from the fringe parking lots to the activity centers. 15

Pedestrian Design Guidelines:

Pedestrian Design Guidelines 16 The Governing Body of Unified Traffic and Transportation Infrastructure ( Plg . & Engg .) Centre ( UTTIPEC ) approved the “Pedestrian Design Guidelines” on 20.11.09 as per the recommendation of the Working Group for immediate implementation, enforcement and uniform adoption by all the road owning agencies.

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Streets would provide:

Streets would provide 18 Increase in comfort Comfortable connectivity from MRTS Stations therefore increased ridership of buses and Metro Reduced dependency on the car More exercise, so better health Prioritization of public transport Reduced congestion and pollution More equity

Who walks in Delhi?:

Who walks in Delhi? 19 1. Walking for work, education and services….. Of all education trips – 58% walk trips Service and business trips – 31% walk trips (RITES 2001) 2. Walking and urban poor……. About 60% of people live in low income localities. An earlier estimate shows 22% of people with less than Rs 2000/month income walk in Delhi. Moving slums out to periphery had sharply reduced women employment as accessibility became a problem 3. Disability and walking…… Samarthyam survey: 58% of the disabled found steps, ramps, difficult to negotiate; 45% of elderly found steps and ramps daunting; 20%found uneven, narrow sidewalks difficult. Engineering guidelines for persons with disabilities are not implemented. 4. Urbanity and life style Correlation between active transportation (walking and cycling) and obesity: China – 1.8kg weight gain after and twice as likely to get obese for a Chinese who acquired a car. King County, US – people weigh 7 pounds less on an average in walkable neighbourhoods high accident rates…….. Total number of road accidents are very high in Delhi – 2.5 times higher than that of Kolkata, 2.1 times higher than Chennai – personal vehicles cause most of these accidents... Nearly half of fatal accidents in Delhi involve – pedestrians Source: Walkability Roundtable, Centre for Science and Environment, July 2009

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Dead Width or Frontage Zone:

Dead Width or Frontage Zone 22

Trees occupying walking zone, so pedestrian are displaced:

Trees occupying walking zone, so pedestrian are displaced 23

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Conclusion 26 The important inevitable part of urban planning element. It is not useful to only some percent of overall population but rather we say that helpful to actually needed and who would not want to take the risk of accidents. Pedestrian facility with properly design directly encourage community towards safer direction view point for happy life. Pedestrian is a very deep topic when considering all possibility and that's why is a time consuming process. If start then reach to the end and provides advantage including future aspect.


References 27 Dr. Johnson Victor, S. Ponnuswamy , Urban transportation, Planning, Operation & Management, The McgrowHill Companies, 2012, pg. 211-217. Asst. Prof Rikta Desai & Asst. Prof Alpa Pandya faculty of Architecture(SCET), Safe Pedestrian Culture on Urban Road: a Need of Time, 59 th NTCP Congress Conference Pritikana Das, Prof. M. Parida , Prof. V.K. Katiyar ( CTRANS ), IIT Roorkee , Strategies for Improving Pedestrian Infrastructure in Urban Areas in India, 61st NTCP Congress, Ahmedabad(2013) P.G.345 - 354 Pedestrian Design Guidelines © UTTIPEC , Delhi Development Authority, New Delhi, November 2009



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