PPT OF RIBBON

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RIBBON DEVELOPMENT THEORY

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RIBBON DEVELOPMENT SARVAJANIK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, SURAT URBAN HOUSING Presented by: 1. Manoj Patel Guided by: Prof. Himanshu Padhya 1

CONTENTS:

CONTENTS Growth of towns by flow type Ribbon development Disadvantages of ribbon development Case highways design note 4/01 Advertising on roads and ribbon development act 21 of 1940 Some images of ribbon development References 2

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GROWTH OF TOWNS BY FLOW TYPE 3

Ribbon development:

Ribbon development It has been observed that because of improvement of road surface and growth of motor traffic, it is the natural tendency of everyone to build as near as possible to the main road. The building activity therefore expands in a natural way along the side of main road and long fingers or ribbons of houses, factories, shops, etc. 4

Disadvantages of ribbon development:

Disadvantages of ribbon development As the houses extend in a long strip , there is increase in cost of various basic utility services such as water supply, electricity, postal deliveries, telephone, etc. It thus results into wastage of available resources. the development of ribbons causes to loose and to scatter the community so that there is lack of social life. the future improvement becomes costly and difficult , if not impossible. the houses face heavy traffic associated with noise , dust and undesirable smells . the interior portion is left undeveloped which results in the wastage of valuable land . 5

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6. There are chances of traffic accidents and traffic delays because of the presence of pedestrians on the main road. 7. The ribbon development is purely an urban formation which is aesthetical faulty. 8. The ribbon development spoils the countryside and if it is carried to the extreme, it would make it non-visible as least to the road user. 9. The through traffic of main road is considerably affected by the local traffic . 10. The traffic capacity and efficiency of main road are reduced . 6

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The problem of ribbon development is very complex involving socio-economic, political, technical and legal measures for its solution. it requires a co-operative efforts by legislators, town planners , traffic department, judiciary, adjacent land owners and last but not the least , the road users themselves. Case highways design note 4/01 7

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In many developing countries, lack of planning controls have allowed roadside development to become a major problem, from individual sellers of market produce scattered along a highway to the many kilometres of ribbon (linear) development that can be seen in a number of countries. 8

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In the UK it has been accepted for more than 50 years (when the 1936 Restriction of Ribbon Development Act was introduced) that if trunk roads are to perform satisfactorily as channels for longer distance traffic, the number of connections for vehicular access must be limited. The impact of ribbon development on through traffic can be minimized by restricted or controlled planning of residential and commercial property along the route . 9

When not possible:

When not possible Where this is not possible to control ribbon development, the introduction of traffic calming techniques to improve driver behaviour and thereby protect the most vulnerable road users is desirable 10

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Some Images Of Ribbon Developments 11

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Early to mid 20th century ribbon development between Hatfield Woodhouse and Hatfield 12

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Ribbon development Belgium 13

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Mountain Hare Character Area Industrial Settlement Of Isolated Roads And Ribbon Development 14

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Ribbon Development Near Ahmadabad Or Sanand 15

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Ribbon Development Near Ahmadabad 16

conclusion:

conclusion In India there is not mostly ribbon development is seen because the starting of road touch or highway touch construction cover the whole area that’s why that does not come under the ribbon development When benefits of different places are same that not increase the ribbon development but when there is no other option that directly support the ribbon development IRC-SP-15-1996 - Ribbon Development Along Highways give specification to ribbon development in India 17

References:

References 18 S.C. RANGWALA , K.S. RANGWALA , P.S. RANGWALA . CHAROTAR PUBLISHING HOUSE PVT. LTD. Case Highways Design note 4/01 Roadside, Village and Ribbon Development- the Department for International Development ADVERTISING ON ROADS AND RIBBON DEVELOPMENT ACT 21 OF 1940 (Signed by the Governor-General in Afrikaans) Google Images For Ribbon Development

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THANK YOU 19

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