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Seminar on"PLC”(Programmable Logic Controller) : 

Seminar on"PLC”(Programmable Logic Controller) Presented By: ROHIT GUPTA 0705232018

What is PLC? : 

What is PLC? PLC is a digital computer designed for multiple inputs and output arrangements, extended temperature ranges, immunity to electrical noise, and resistance to vibration and impact. A PLC is an example of a real time system

History of PLC : 

History of PLC First Programmable Logic Controllers was designed and developed by Modicon as a relay replacer for General Motors. The first PLC, model name 084, was invented by Morley in 1969 who is considered to be the "father" of the PLC. The first commercial successful PLC, the 184, was introduced in 1973 which was designed by Michael Greenberg.

PLC Hardware1) Central Processing Unit (CPU) 2) Memory3) Input modules 4) Output modules5) Power supply6) I/O Bus : 

PLC Hardware1) Central Processing Unit (CPU) 2) Memory3) Input modules 4) Output modules5) Power supply6) I/O Bus

General PLC architecture : 

General PLC architecture Programming device Power Supply CPU Memory I/O System Module Output Devices Input Devices I/O Bus

PLC operation sequence : 

PLC operation sequence 1) Self test: Testing of its own hardware and software for faults. 2)Input scan: If there are no problems, PLC will copy all the inputs and copy their values into memory. 3)Logic solve/scan: Using inputs, the ladder logic program is solved once and outputs are updated. 4)Output scan: While solving logic the output values are updated only in memory when ladder scan is done, the outputs will be updated using temporary values in memory.

Block diagram of a PLC : 

Block diagram of a PLC Outputs LEDs Inputs

Programming Languages of PLC : 

Programming Languages of PLC IEC 61131-3 currently defines five programming languages for PLCs 1) Functional Block Diagram 2) Ladder Logic 3) Structured Text similar to the Pascal Programming language 4) Instruction List similar to Assembly language 5) Sequential Function Chart

Ladder Logic : 

Ladder Logic The ladder logic is the oldest programming language for PLC. It is well suited to express Combinational logic The main ladder logic symbols represent the elements: make contact break contact relay coil

Basic gates : 

Basic gates AAND Gate A B Y OR Gate A B Y

Slide 11: 

NOR Gate A B Y NAND Gate B Y A

Programming Example: : 

Programming Example: Ladder Logic Program for Start/Stop of Motor : X2 X1 Y1 Y1

Programming PLC: : 

Programming PLC:

Starting of Motor: : 

Starting of Motor:

Continuous Running of motor when Start Button is released: : 

Continuous Running of motor when Start Button is released:

To Stop the Motor : : 

To Stop the Motor :

Advantages of PLCs: : 

Advantages of PLCs: Reliability. Flexibility in programming and reprogramming. Cost effective for controlling complex systems. Small physical size, shorter project time. High speed of operation. Ability to communicate with computer systems in the plant. Ease of maintenance /troubleshooting. Reduced space. Energy saving.

Disadvantages of PLCs : 

PLC devices are proprietary. Fixed Circuit Operations. PLCs manufacturers offer only closed architectures. Disadvantages of PLCs

Applications: : 

Applications: Wherever automation is desired the PLCs are best suited to meet the task. Few examples of industries where PLCs are used : 1) Robots manufacturing and control 2) Car park control 3) Train control station system 4) Food processing 5) Materials handling 6)Machine tools 7)Conveyer system etc.

Slide 20: 

Thank You

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