Memoir Writing : Memoir Writing A Snap Shot in Time Teacher Support Social
Discovery The Theories : The Theories Individuals learn and understand through their constructed mental processes and social interactions.
Curriculum should be in a spiral manner in which students build upon what they have learned.
Teachers are facilitators who guide students in constructing meaning through creating opportunities which meet the students where they are. Social interaction is a key component in this theory. One tool which enhances cognitive development is language. Discourse with peers as well as adult guidance are essential.
According to Vygotsky the zone of proximal development (ZDP) is where cognitive development takes place. It is defined as the difficulty level a child can solve independently and the level accomplished with adult help. Constructivist Theory
Bruner Social Development Theory
Vygotsky The Giver by Lois Lowery. : Students read this book in conjunction with the activities presented. The Giver by Lois Lowery. The man shook his head. “No, no,” he said. “I’m not being clear. It’s not my past, my childhood that I must transmit to you.” He leaned back, resting his head against the back of the upholstered chair. “It’s the memories of the whole world,” he said with a sigh. (77 – 78)
from Lowry, Lois. The Giver. New York: Bantam, 1993 Activity # 1 : Heterogeneous student groups of four discuss the questions.
Do you believe you need to know about the past in order to be wise?
Do you think knowing the past can be valuable in shaping the future?
Students then answer one or both of these questions in a well-developed paragraph. They should use examples from the book, their life, their discussion other stories, the news, or history to explain and support your beliefs. Activity # 1 Constructivist Theory : Constructivist Theory This activity engages students in knowledge formation through metacognitve processes during guided discussion and cooperative learning. What are your memories? : What are your memories? R
T Slide 7: Some of My Life So Far …….. Activity #2 : Activity #2 Choose two photographs
The photo should include the student and at least one other individual.
Discussion groups describe the 5W’s of each of their photos
Students will listen and ask questions to further discussion and help to activate prior memory. Teacher acts as guide for discussions Social Development : This activity encourages students to see the classroom as a community of learners where they are all valued for their individuality and contributions. The teacher role is to provoke thought and be a co-learner in the students self-descovery. Social Development Slide 10: References
Bruning, R., Schraw, R., Norbry, M., Ronning, R. (2004). Cognitive Psychology and Instruction. New Jersey: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall
Rodrigo Y Gabriela, (2006) .Satori. On Rodrigo y Gabriela [C.D.].