load bearing and frame structure

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elements of civil engineering

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Load bearing structure and frame structure

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LOAD BEARING The structure which is capable to carry the structural loads is load bearing structure So frame structure is also load bearing. The structural loads Dead load Live Load Impact Load Wind Load & Earthquake load Capacity to withstand, To carry, Capability

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The structure is made of sub structure and super structure SUB Structure Below ground SUPER Structure The vertical Extension of the building Above the foundation Structure A structural system is required to support The building as well as its interior floors, walls, Partitions and to transfer the loads to the sub structure.

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Brick Wall Structure Load is bear by the brick walls and walls carry the loads to sub structure.

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Concrete Wall Structure

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The Materials used in Building system to transfer the load t o sub structure plays their role in structural system Brick Wall is thicker than Concrete Wall Stone wall is thicker than Brick wall Aluminum is thinner than Concrete Steel column is thinner than wooden column Frame structures can be taller than Wall Structures

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PYRAMIDS Stone Wall Structure

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Aluminum & Glass WallStructure

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Wooden Wall Structure

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Frame Structure Load is transferred through Beams & Columns to Substructure

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Wooden Column Can carry less load less column height Steel Column Can carry more load , more column height

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Bamboo & wood Structure Can not build taller

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Non Load Bering Structure Interior Walls Cannot transfer load to sub structure Photo courtesy by http:// search.creativecommns.org /