PROSPECT ORGANIC FARMING

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PROSPECT AND LIMITION OF ORGANIC FARMING Mr. BADRI NARAYAN MISHRA. Centre For Agri Business Management. Birsa Agricultural University Ranchi-834 006 (Jharkhand)

Modern organic farming evolved as an alternative to chemical agriculture 1966 :The Green Revolution – unsuitable impact? HYVS susceptible to many pests & diseases. ? Soil fertility began to decline due to artificial fertilizers & pesticides has led to the deterioration of soil health. ? Contamination of air and water and food cause environmental pollution. ? Eutrophi cation, depletion of stratospheric ozone level.? Methenoglobinemia, nitrate toxification etc.? Residues of DDT, aldrin, lindane etc have been found in different food samples.? Heavy metal toxicity. : 

Modern organic farming evolved as an alternative to chemical agriculture 1966 :The Green Revolution – unsuitable impact? HYVS susceptible to many pests & diseases. ? Soil fertility began to decline due to artificial fertilizers & pesticides has led to the deterioration of soil health. ? Contamination of air and water and food cause environmental pollution. ? Eutrophi cation, depletion of stratospheric ozone level.? Methenoglobinemia, nitrate toxification etc.? Residues of DDT, aldrin, lindane etc have been found in different food samples.? Heavy metal toxicity.

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Positive effects of green revolution High yield per unit area Economic improvement Impetus to modern scientific research in agriculture Self-sufficiency in food production Increase in productive employment in agriculture

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Negative effects of green revolution High dependence on external inputs Emission of green house gases Environmental degradation – ground water and toxic pesticide residues Loss of crop diversity Development of more virulent and pesticide resistant insects

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Negative effects of green revolution (contd.) Stagnating/declining crop yields and farm income Depletion of natural resources – ground water and fossil fuels Increasing socio-economic disparity among different strata of the society

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Evergreen revolution Reaching the unreached Pro-poor Pro-women Pro-nature Food and nutritional security Sustainable

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What is sustainable agriculture? Efficient use of natural resources for :- Increased productivity and production Improved farm income Maintenance of ecological balance Accessibility to food and social benefits for the community Improved quality of life for rural communities

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Dimensions of sustainable agriculture Biologically feasible Ecologically stable Economically viable Socially acceptable

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Concept & Definition USDA (1980) has defined “Organic farming as a production system, which avoids or largely exclude the use of synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, and live stock feed additives. To the maximum extent possible organic farming system relies on crop rotation, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, farm organic wastes, mechanical cultivation mineral bearing rocks and aspects of biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and tilth, to supply plant nutrients, and to control insects, and other pests. Contd.

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Recently Codex Alimentations commission defines organic agriculture as holistic food production management system, which promote and enhance agroecosytem health, including biodiversity biological cycles and biological activity. It emphasizes the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adopted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible cultural biological and mechanical methods as opposed to using synthetic materials to fulfill any specific function within system.

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Benefits of organic farming ? Reduction in environment pollution ? Food safety & improve quality ? Control soil erosion, structure & improve fertility. ? Renewable energy unit ? Nutrient balance ? Organic matter buildup. ? Improvement of physical properties i.e. soil structure, texture, W.H.C, soil aeration bulk density, surface temp. etc. ? Improvement of biological activity i.e. stimulation of soil flora & fauna, Microbial biomass. ? Activity of soil enzymes, dehydrogenases cellulase, amylase phosphatase.

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Water Management Rain Water Harvesting In-situ moisture conservation Nutrient Management Biofertilizer Vermicompost Manure Green Manure Non-edible oilcake Agro-industry byproduct / waste Bio gas spent slurry Pest Management Biological Botanical Cultural Mechanical Physical Livestock Management Animal/ Poultry rearing Apiculture Cropping System Inclusion of legume Introduction of agro forestry Use of trap/ banker/ ecofeast crop Socio-economic Intervention Formation of SHGs Community based watershed approach Establishment of community biogas plant. ORGNAIC FARMING COMPONENTS OF ORGANIC FARMING

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Objectives of Organic Agriculture (IFOAM) ? To produce food of high nutritional quality in sufficient quantity; ? To work with natural systems rather than seeking to dominate them; ? To encourage and enhance the biological cycles within farming system involving microorganism, soil flora an fauna, plants and animals; ? To maintain and increases the long term fertility of soils; ? To use, as far as possible, renewable resources in locally organized agril. systems; To work as much as possible, within a closed system with regard to Organic matter and nutrient elements; ? To give all livestock, conditions of life that allow them to perform all aspects of their inmate behavior; ? To avoid all forms of pollution that may result from Agricultural Techniques. ? To maintain genetic diversity of the agril. System and its surrounding, including the protection of plant wildlife habitats;

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Essential Characteristics of organic farming ? Maximal but sustainable use of local resources ? Minimal use of purchased inputs only as complementary to local resources. Ensuring the basic biological functions of Soil-water- nutrients-humans continual. ? Maintaining a diversity of plant and animal species as a basis for ecological balance and economic stability. ? Creating attractive over all land scope which gives satisfaction to the local people. ? Increasing crop and animal diversity in the form of poly cultures, agro forestry systems, integrated crop/livestock systems, etc to minimize risk.

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IFOAM survey 2003 has indicated that India has about 41000 ha of land under O.F and this area is only .03%, of the total agril. Land total Area world wide – 22 million ha limitations ? Limited market & lack of market information. ? Non availability of organic packages of practices for all crops. ? Inadeque availability of organic inputs ? Lack of appropriate training. ? Hack farmers awareness. ? Absence of regulatory mechanism on quality. ? High cost certification process.

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EXPORT ORIENTED HORTICULTURAL COMMODITIES FROM JHARKHAND

STATUS OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN JHARKHAND : 

STATUS OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN JHARKHAND Vegetable covers about 81.55% area & 84.57% production of total horticultural crops. It is 63.14% area & 80% production in the country. With 15.35 tonnes/ha, Jharkhand has lower productivity of vegetables as compared to all – India average of 16.18 tonnes/ha. About more than half of the total vegetable production is shared by Zone I comprising the districts of S.P. & Hazaribagh. Bhibdi, Brinjal, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Onion, Potato, French beans, are major vegetables crops.

EXPORT ORIENTED VEGETABLES FROM JHARKHAND : 

EXPORT ORIENTED VEGETABLES FROM JHARKHAND

KEY ORGANIZATIONS WORKING FOR PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL IN INDIA : 

KEY ORGANIZATIONS WORKING FOR PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL IN INDIA DAC – Department of Agriculture & cooperation. NCOF/ RCOFs – National/ Regional Centre of Organic Farming. ICAR – Indian Council of Agricultural Research. KVK – krishi Vigyan Kendra. DBT – Department of Biotechnology. NCDA - National Cooperative development Corporation. NABARD – National Bank for Agriculture and Rural development. MoNES – Ministry of Non – Conventional Energy Sources. KVIC - Khadi and Village Industries Commission. IFOAM – International Federation for Organic Agriculture Movement.

Conclusion : 

Conclusion In nature, there is no quarrel between organic and inorganic sources of plant nutrients. Because….. OF, in strict sense of total abandonment of fertilizer in ruled out in Indian context. Because…. No single source of plant nutrients is in a position to meet the increasing nutrient demand, adoption of IPNS through organic, biological and mineral sources is the only viable approach left.

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Thank you Thank you

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