Slide 1: PROSPECT AND LIMITION OF ORGANIC FARMING
Mr. BADRI NARAYAN MISHRA.
Centre For Agri Business Management.
Birsa Agricultural University
Ranchi-834 006 (Jharkhand) Modern organic farming evolved as an alternative to chemical agriculture 1966 :The Green Revolution – unsuitable impact? HYVS susceptible to many pests & diseases. ? Soil fertility began to decline due to artificial fertilizers & pesticides has led to the deterioration of soil health. ? Contamination of air and water and food cause environmental pollution. ? Eutrophi cation, depletion of stratospheric ozone level.? Methenoglobinemia, nitrate toxification etc.? Residues of DDT, aldrin, lindane etc have been found in different food samples.? Heavy metal toxicity. : Modern organic farming evolved as an alternative to chemical agriculture 1966 :The Green Revolution – unsuitable impact? HYVS susceptible to many pests & diseases. ? Soil fertility began to decline due to artificial fertilizers & pesticides has led to the deterioration of soil health. ? Contamination of air and water and food cause environmental pollution. ? Eutrophi cation, depletion of stratospheric ozone level.? Methenoglobinemia, nitrate toxification etc.? Residues of DDT, aldrin, lindane etc have been found in different food samples.? Heavy metal toxicity. Slide 5: Positive effects of green revolution
High yield per unit area
Impetus to modern scientific research
Self-sufficiency in food production
Increase in productive employment in agriculture Slide 6: Negative effects of green revolution
High dependence on external inputs
Emission of green house gases
Environmental degradation – ground water
and toxic pesticide residues
Loss of crop diversity
Development of more virulent and
pesticide resistant insects Slide 7: Negative effects of green revolution
Stagnating/declining crop yields and farm income
Depletion of natural resources – ground water
and fossil fuels
Increasing socio-economic disparity among
different strata of the society Slide 8: Evergreen revolution
Reaching the unreached
Food and nutritional security
Sustainable Slide 9: What is sustainable agriculture?
Efficient use of natural resources for :-
Increased productivity and production
Improved farm income
Maintenance of ecological balance
Accessibility to food and social benefits
for the community
Improved quality of life for rural communities Slide 10: Dimensions of sustainable agriculture
Socially acceptable Slide 11: Concept & Definition
USDA (1980) has defined “Organic farming as a production system, which avoids or largely exclude the use of synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, and live stock feed additives. To the maximum extent possible organic farming system relies on crop rotation, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, farm organic wastes, mechanical cultivation mineral bearing rocks and aspects of biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and tilth, to supply plant nutrients, and to control insects, and other pests.
Contd. Slide 12: Recently Codex Alimentations commission defines organic agriculture as holistic food production management system, which promote and enhance agroecosytem health, including biodiversity biological cycles and biological activity. It emphasizes the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adopted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible cultural biological and mechanical methods as opposed to using synthetic materials to fulfill any specific function within system. Slide 13: Benefits of organic farming
? Reduction in environment pollution
? Food safety & improve quality
? Control soil erosion, structure & improve fertility.
? Renewable energy unit
? Nutrient balance
? Organic matter buildup.
? Improvement of physical properties i.e. soil structure, texture, W.H.C, soil aeration bulk density, surface temp. etc.
? Improvement of biological activity i.e. stimulation of soil flora & fauna, Microbial biomass.
? Activity of soil enzymes, dehydrogenases cellulase, amylase phosphatase. Slide 14: Water Management
Rain Water Harvesting
conservation Nutrient Management
Agro-industry byproduct / waste
Bio gas spent slurry Pest Management
Physical Livestock Management
Animal/ Poultry rearing
Apiculture Cropping System
Inclusion of legume
Introduction of agro forestry
Use of trap/ banker/ ecofeast crop Socio-economic Intervention
Formation of SHGs
Community based watershed
Establishment of community
biogas plant. ORGNAIC FARMING COMPONENTS OF ORGANIC FARMING Slide 15: Objectives of Organic Agriculture (IFOAM)
? To produce food of high nutritional quality in sufficient quantity;
? To work with natural systems rather than seeking to dominate them;
? To encourage and enhance the biological cycles within farming system involving microorganism, soil flora an fauna, plants and animals;
? To maintain and increases the long term fertility of soils;
? To use, as far as possible, renewable resources in locally organized agril. systems;
To work as much as possible, within a closed system with
regard to Organic matter and nutrient elements;
? To give all livestock, conditions of life that allow them to perform all aspects of their inmate behavior;
? To avoid all forms of pollution that may result from Agricultural Techniques.
? To maintain genetic diversity of the agril. System and its surrounding, including the protection of plant wildlife habitats; Slide 16: Essential Characteristics of organic farming
? Maximal but sustainable use of local resources
? Minimal use of purchased inputs only as complementary to local resources.
Ensuring the basic biological functions of Soil-water- nutrients-humans continual.
? Maintaining a diversity of plant and animal species as a basis for ecological balance and economic stability.
? Creating attractive over all land scope which gives satisfaction to the local people.
? Increasing crop and animal diversity in the form of poly cultures, agro forestry systems, integrated crop/livestock systems, etc to minimize risk. Slide 17: IFOAM survey 2003 has indicated that India has about 41000 ha of land under O.F and this area is only .03%, of the total agril. Land total Area world wide – 22 million ha
? Limited market & lack of market information.
? Non availability of organic packages of practices for all crops.
? Inadeque availability of organic inputs
? Lack of appropriate training.
? Hack farmers awareness.
? Absence of regulatory mechanism on quality.
? High cost certification process. Slide 18: EXPORT ORIENTED HORTICULTURAL COMMODITIES FROM JHARKHAND STATUS OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN JHARKHAND : STATUS OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN JHARKHAND Vegetable covers about 81.55% area & 84.57% production of total
horticultural crops. It is 63.14% area & 80% production in the
With 15.35 tonnes/ha, Jharkhand has lower productivity of
vegetables as compared to all – India average of 16.18 tonnes/ha.
About more than half of the total vegetable production is shared by
Zone I comprising the districts of S.P. & Hazaribagh.
Bhibdi, Brinjal, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Onion, Potato,
French beans, are major vegetables crops. EXPORT ORIENTED VEGETABLES FROM JHARKHAND : EXPORT ORIENTED VEGETABLES FROM JHARKHAND KEY ORGANIZATIONS WORKING FOR PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL IN INDIA : KEY ORGANIZATIONS WORKING FOR PROMOTION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL IN INDIA DAC – Department of Agriculture & cooperation.
NCOF/ RCOFs – National/ Regional Centre of Organic Farming.
ICAR – Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
KVK – krishi Vigyan Kendra.
DBT – Department of Biotechnology.
NCDA - National Cooperative development Corporation.
NABARD – National Bank for Agriculture and Rural development.
MoNES – Ministry of Non – Conventional Energy Sources.
KVIC - Khadi and Village Industries Commission.
IFOAM – International Federation for Organic Agriculture Movement. Conclusion : Conclusion In nature, there is no quarrel between organic and
inorganic sources of plant nutrients. Because…..
OF, in strict sense of total abandonment of fertilizer in
ruled out in Indian context. Because….
No single source of plant nutrients is in a position to meet
the increasing nutrient demand, adoption of IPNS through
organic, biological and mineral sources is the only viable
approach left. Slide 23: Thank you Thank you