Amer Fort

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AMER FORT

Location and Information:

Location and Information Located in Amer a town 11 km from Jaipur , Rajasthan. Coordinates: 26.9859°N 75.8507°E Built in 1592 . Built by Maharaja Jai Singh I with additions by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II . Construction with Red Sandstones and Marble Controlled by the Government of Rajasthan

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Tunnel connecting Amer fort and Jaigarh fort

Geography:

Geography Situated on a forested hill premonitory , above the Maota Lake near Amer. Narrow jeepway leads up to the entrance gate, known as the Suraj Pol or the Sun Gate . Known in the medieval period as Dhundar . The Amer Fort, was built during the reign of Raja Man Singh, Commander in Chief of Akbar’s army and a member of the Emperor's inner circle of nine courtiers. Fully expanded by his descendant, Jai Singh I . Underwent improvements and additions during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II, in 1727

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Maota Lake

Layout:

Layout The fort is divided into four main sections each with its own entry gate and courtyard. First Courtyard Second Courtyard Third Courtyard Fourth Courtyard

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Lush Green Gardens

The First Courtyard:

The First Courtyard Main entry is through the Suraj Pole (Sun Gate) which leads to Jaleb Chowk. The place where armies would hold victory parades with their war bounty on their return from battles. Main entry into the palace. Eastern direction towards the rising Sun and hence the name. Has the way to Sila Devi temple where the Rajput Maharajas offered worship. Ganesh Pol or the Ganesh Gate , is the entry into the private palaces of the Maharajas

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First Courtyard

The Second Courtyard:

The Second Courtyard Up the main stairway of the first level courtyard. Houses the Diwan-e-Aam or the Public Audience Hall. Built with double row of columns , the Diwan-e-Aam is a raised platform with 27 colonnades . The Raja held audience here to hear and receive petitions from the public.

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Carvings on the wall outside Diwan-e- aam or Public Audience Hall

The Third Courtyard:

The Third Courtyard The third courtyard is where the private quarters of the Maharaja . Is entered through the Ganesh Pol or Ganesh Gate, which is embellished with mosaics and sculptures . Has two buildings, one opposite to the other, separated by a garden laid in the fashion of the Mughal Gardens . The building to the left of the entrance gate is called the Jai Mandir also known as Sheesh Mahal , which is exquisitely beautified with glass inlaid panels and multi-mirrored ceilings . The other building seen in the court yard is opposite to the Jai Mandir and is known as the Sukh Niwas or Sukh Mahal (Hall of Pleasure) . This hall is approached through a sandalwood door with marble inlay work with perforations .

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Ganesha Pol at Amer fort

The Fourth Courtyard:

The Fourth Courtyard The fourth courtyard is where the Zenana (Royal family women, including concubines or mistresses) lived . Has many living rooms where the queens resided and who were visited by the king at his choice without being found out as to which queen he was visiting , as all the rooms open into a common corridor. The queen mothers and the Raja’s consorts lived in this part of the palace in Zanani Deorhi , which also housed their female attendants. The queen mothers took deep interest in building temples in Amer town Jas Mandir, a hall of private audience with floral glass inlays and alabaster relief work is also located in this courtyard.

Additional features of various Courtyards:

Additional features of various Courtyards Sheela Devi Temple Magic flower Palace of Man Singh I Lion gate Tripolia gate

Sheela Devi Temple:

Sheela Devi Temple On the right side of the Jaleb Chowk there is a small but an elegant temple called the Sila Devi (an incarnation of Kali or Durga) temple. The entrance to the temple is through silver sheet covered double leaf gate with raised relief. The main deity inside the sanctum is flanked by two lions made in silver. Another practice that is associated with this temple is the religious rites of animal sacrifice during the festival days of Navrathri (Nine days festival celebrated twice in a year)

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Silver gate of Sheela Devi Temple

Magic Flower:

Magic Flower A particular attraction here is the “magic flower” fresco carved in marble at the base of one of the pillars around the mirror palace which is identified by two hovering butterflies depiction ; the flower has seven unique designs of fish tail, a lotus, a hooded cobra, an elephant trunk, a lion’s tail, a cob of corn and a scorpion , each is viewed by a particular way of partial hiding of the panel with hands.

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Magic Flower Fresco

Palace of Man Singh 1:

Palace of Man Singh 1 The oldest part of the palace fort. The palace took 25 years to build. The exit from this palace leads to the Amer village, a heritage town with many temples, palatial houses and mosques.

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Baradhari pavilion at Man Singh I Palace Square.

Lion Gate:

Lion Gate The Lion gate, the premier gate, was once a guarded gate, leads in to the private quarters in the palace premises and is titled 'Lion Gate' indicative of strength. It was built during the reign of Sawai Jai Singh (1699–1743 AD). It is covered with frescoes and its alignment is zigzag, probably made so from security considerations to attack intruders.

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Sheesh Mahal

Tripolia gate:

Tripolia gate Tripolia gate means three gates. It is an access to the palace from the west. It opens in three directions, one to the Jaleb Chowk, another to the Man Singh Palace and the third one to the Zenana Deorhi on the south.

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The End

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