Introduction to TQM

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Introduction to TQM Total Quality Management:

Introduction to TQM Total Quality Management

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2500 B.C 1632 1900 1920 2012

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Story has not ended yet! Still there is lot of room for improvement.

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What is quality?

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Quantified definition of Quality: Q = P / E where, Q = quality P = performance E = expectations If Q is greater than 1, then the customer has a good feeling about the quality of product or service.

Dimensions of quality:

Dimensions of quality Dimensions of quality are the different features of product or service. Functionality: Functionality refers to the core features and characteristics of a product that satisfy the customer. Reliability: Reliability is measured by mean time between failures (MTBF) and mean time to first failure. Reliability is an indicator of durability of products .

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Usability: A product should be user friendly. The customer should be able to use the product easily without the help of expert . Maintainability: It refers to the ease with which a product can be maintained in the original condition. Maintainability is measured as mean time to repair (MTTR). Efficiency: Efficiency is how much out put is taken by different products on giving same input.

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Aesthetics: A product or service should not only perform well but also appear attractive. It also includes color, finish and overall look of product or service. Serviceability: It includes: How well the customers are treated? How complaints are handled and resolved? How much time you take to resolve problem? This feature plays a vital role in service organizations.

What is TQM?:

What is TQM? TQM implies that every one associated with the organization is committed towards continual improvement of the organization through customer satisfaction . TQM – A Road to success

Gurus of TQM :

Gurus of TQM Dr. Walter Shewhart (1891-1967) USA Achievement: Control Charts Dr. Edward Deming (1900-1993) USA Achievement: PDCA cycle

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Joseph M Juran (1904 – 2008) USA Achievement: Juran Trilogy Philip Crosby (1926 – 2001) USA Achievement: Zero Defect philosophy Kaoru Ishikawa (1915 – 1987) Japan Achievement: Fish bone diagram

Evolution of TQM :

Evolution of TQM Quality Management philosophy was evolved in Japan after second world war. An American expert Edwards Deming helped Japanese to apply concepts of TQM. In 1968 the Japanese shaped the phrase Total Quality Control and became the world quality leader. In the 1980 the U.S. Navel Air Systems coined the TQM phrase. The Navy based most of the principles on the Japanese Total Quality Control philosophy. In 80’s most companies in the world started applying this concept and enhanced their productivity and profitability remarkably.

Role of leadership in TQM:

Role of leadership in TQM Promoting cultural change Leading from the front Open communication Removing barriers between departments Instilling more customer focus Aligning company goals with Vision and Mission

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Strategy for quality evolved with time is given: Inspection Quality control Pre-world war 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Quality Assurance Post world war 2 Quality Management TQM (Evolution of Quality) In 1985 the Americans came up with the term TQM to represent essentially the Japanese way of quality management.

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Quality Control V’s Quality Assurance

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Quality Control Quality Assurance Reactive approach Focuses on product/service Find defects Line function Proactive approach Focuses on process Prevent defects Staff function

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Quality Management: QM comprises all activities of the overall management function that determines the quality policy, objectives and responsibilities & implement them by means such as quality planning, quality control, quality assurance and quality improvement with in the quality system.

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Main pillars of Total Quality Management Customer Satisfaction Continual Improvement Employee Involvement Management commitment Performance Measurement Statistical Process Control Supplier evaluation Acceptance Sampling Process Capability/6 σ

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According to a worldwide Gallup poll of 20 000 people conducted recently by Bozell Worldwide of America, world consumers believe the best quality goods are made by Japan.

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Evaluation of business parameters – Study report

Obstacles to TQM implementation::

Obstacles to TQM implementation: Lack of management commitment Inability to change organizational culture Improper planning Lack of continuous training and education Isolated individuals and departments Ineffective measurement techniques Paying inadequate attention to internal & external customers Inadequate use of empowerment and teamwork Failure to continually improve

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Benefits of TQM include: Improves competitive position Increase adaptability to global markets Elevated productivity Eliminates defects Significantly reduces waste. Reduces quality costs Improves management communication Raises profits Customer loyalty

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