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PARTS OF FORCEPS:- : 

PARTS OF FORCEPS:- 3TECHNIQUES FOR EXTRACTION:- FORCEP TECHNIQUE-{CLOSED METHOD} ELEVATOR TECHNIQUE. TRANS-ALVEOLAR TECHIQUE-{OPEN METHOD} BEAKS HINGE HANDLES

Slide 11: 

Two handles Joint Two blades

Slide 21: 

POSITION OF THE DENTIST:- POSITION OF THE PATIENT:-

Slide 23: 

FINGER POSITION FOR EACH QUADRENT:-

Dental anatomical considerations:- : 

Dental anatomical considerations:-

MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR:- : 

MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR:- SINGLE CONICAL ROOT. STRAIGHT AND UNIFORM THE LABIAL ALVEOLAR BONE IS THINNER THAT THE PALATAL ALVEOLAR BONE.

MAXILLARY LATERAL INCISOR:- : 

MAXILLARY LATERAL INCISOR:- SINGLE FLATTENED ROOT DISTAL CURVED AT THE APICAL THIRD ROOT IS NARROWER MESIO-DISTALLY THAN LABIO-PALATAL

MAXILLARY CANINE:- : 

MAXILLARY CANINE:- IT’S THE LONGEST AND STRONGEST OF ALL TEETH. SINGLE ROOT, MESIAL & DISTAL SURFACES ARE BROAD, FLAT AND GROOVED. IT FORMS THE CANINE EMINENCE WHICH SUPPORTS THE CHEEK.s

MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR:- : 

MAXILLARY FIRST PREMOLAR:- APPROXIMATELY 60% HAVE TWO ROOTS, A BUCCAL AND PALATAL ROOTS. BIFURCATION IS MESIODISTAL.

MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR:- : 

MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR:- IT’S SINGLE ROOTED IN 85% OF CASES, DEEP GROOVES ON MESIAL AND DISTAL SURFACES. ITS RELATED TO THE MAXILLARY SINUS WITH BONE BETWEEN IT’S APEX AND THE SINUS LINING.

MAXILLARY 1ST & 2ND MOLARS:- : 

MAXILLARY 1ST & 2ND MOLARS:- LARGEST TOOTH IN THE ARCH CONSISTING OF 3 ROOTS( 2 BUCCAL & 1 PALATAL. ROOTS ARE STRAIGHT, MORE DIVERGED IN THE 1ST MOLAR THAN THE 2ND MOLAR. BONE RESISTANCE IS GREATEST WITH THE 1ST MOLAR.

MANDIBULAR CENTRAL INCISOR : 

MANDIBULAR CENTRAL INCISOR SMALLEST & MOST SYMMETRICAL TOOTH. SINGLE ROOT. ROOTS ARE STRAIGHT WITH BROAD AND FLAT MESIAL & DISTAL SURFACES.

MANDIBULAR LATERAL INCISOR:- : 

MANDIBULAR LATERAL INCISOR:- SINGLE ROOT. ROOTS HAVE SLIGHT DISTAL CURVATURE WITH BROAD AND FLAT MESIAL & DISTAL SURFACES.

MANDIBULAR CANINE:- : 

MANDIBULAR CANINE:- SINGLE ROOT, MESIAL & DISTAL SURFACES ARE BROAD, FLAT AND GROOVED. ROOT IS SHORTER AND WEAKER THAN THE MAXILLARY CANINE, OCCASIONALLY BIFURCATED (LABIALLY&LINGUALLY). DISTAL CURVATURE IS COMMON.

MANDIBULAR 1ST PREMOLAR:- : 

MANDIBULAR 1ST PREMOLAR:- ROOT IS SINGLE SOMETIMES SHOWS DISTAL CURVATURE. BUCCAL ALVEOLAR PLATE IS THINNER THAN THE LINGUAL ALVEOLAR PLATE.

MANDIBULAR 2ND PREMOLAR : 

MANDIBULAR 2ND PREMOLAR Root is straight, single and cylindrical Alveolar bone is similar to the 4 The mental foramen lies in between the two premolars

Mandibular 1st& 2nd molars : 

Mandibular 1st& 2nd molars Mesial and distal roots. So the bifurcation is……. The roots of the 2nd molar are slightly smaller than the 1st molar

The extraction forcepsCOMPONENTSREQUIREMENTS OF IDEAL EXTRACTION FORCEPSTYPES OF FORCEPSHANDLING OF EXTRACTION FORCEPS : 

The extraction forcepsCOMPONENTSREQUIREMENTS OF IDEAL EXTRACTION FORCEPSTYPES OF FORCEPSHANDLING OF EXTRACTION FORCEPS EXODONTIA

The extraction forcepsCOMPONENTSREQUIREMENTS OF IDEAL EXTRACTION FORCEPSTYPES OF FORCEPSHANDLING OF EXTRACTION FORCEPS : 

The extraction forcepsCOMPONENTSREQUIREMENTS OF IDEAL EXTRACTION FORCEPSTYPES OF FORCEPSHANDLING OF EXTRACTION FORCEPS EXODONTIA

Slide 51: 

THE forceps is held in the palm of the hand and the thumb is placed between the handles The handles are opened by the last one or two fingers and never by the index finger Hold the forceps as near to its free end as possible with all fingers gripping from the outer surface except for the thumb

Slide 52: 

F F

Slide 55: 

In the upper premolar and molar forceps the curvature of the handle is placed with the concaved part resting on the palm of the hand