Principles of teaching 2

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THE TEACHING OF SCIENCE:

THE TEACHING OF SCIENCE

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QUOTE: “Science does not know its debt to imagination.” –Ralph Waldo Emerson “The important thing in science is not so much to obtain new facts as to discover new ways of thinking about them.” -William Lawrence Bragg “Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of imagination.” –John Dewey, The Quest for Certaintly,1929 “Men love to wonder, and that is the seed of science.” –Ralph Waldo Emerson

THE NATURE OF SCIENCE:

THE NATURE OF SCIENCE Science is a wonderful world – It deals with nature and natural phenomena. Science leads you to discover the mystery of a thin electric wire, why the cells of your eyes are not on your lips, why you can communicate with a love one across the miles through face time. Science is evidenced-based – It deals with the observable, the verifiable. It deals with empirical data. It accept as true only that which has been positively and empirically proven to be true. Science has limits – Not all of the reality is verifiable by the physical senses. The things of the spirit cannot be proven by the physical senses and yet are as real as material reality. God’s existence cannot be proven by looking through even the most powerful electron microscope. Science knowledge inherently uncertain - Scientific knowledge is tentative. Although scientific knowledge is supported by a wealth of hard data from repeated trials, it is not considered the final word. The laws of science are never viewed as fixed eternal truth. Even the most established and universal laws of science are always regarded as temporary, subject to modification in the light of new observation, experiments and analysis. This fundamental uncertaintly makes science a dynamic and expanding body of knowledge . Science is a field of scientific inquiry. Science is both product and a process . As a field of study, science demands eyes keen for observing, analytical, synthesizing and bias-free minds, traits such as perseverance, diligence and sacrifice .

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Beliefs – A scientist believes that everything that happens in this world has a cause or reason. Curiosity – A scientist shows interest to dig into the ‘why’ of phenomena. Objectivity - A scientist is objective. She/he does nt allow his/her feelings and biases to influence his/her recording of observation, interpretation of data and formulation of conclusion. Critical- mindednesss – A scientist bases suggestions and conclusions on evidence. Open-mindedness – A scientist listens to and respects the ideas of others. He/she accept criticism and changes his/her mind if reliable evidence contradicts his/her beliefs. Inventiveness – A scientist ca generates new and original ideas. Risk-taking – A scientist is willing to take risks but calculate risks. He/she expresses his opinions and tries new ideas even at the risk of failure or criticism. Intellectual honesty – A scientist gives a truthful report of observation. He/she does not withhold important information just to please himself/herself or others. He/she not sanitize reports. He/she report them as they were found. Humility – A scientist is humble when he/she admits he/she is not free from committing errors. Responsibility – A scientist actively participates in the task of making this world more safe and more human by caring for the environment. He/she also dutifully performs task assigned to him/her.

Learning Area Standard as Value-laden:

Learning Area Standard as Value-laden Science teaching in the k to 12 curriculum is meant to be value laden. The phrases ” … innovate beneficial products, protect the environment and conserve resources, enhance the integrity and weelness of people…” are evidence that scientific knowledge must be used for the welfare of all citizens in this planets.

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