TRADE UNION FINAL PPT 2003

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Slide 1:

TRADE UNION

INTRODUCTION TO - HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGeMEnT:

INTRODUCTION TO - HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGeMEnT Basic definition by Tyson (1987) ‘managing the employment relationship’ HRM is concerned with the manpower employed in an organization. It represents human resource i.e. it has ability to feel, think and react. It is also known as personnel management.

INTRODUCTION TO – TRADE UNION:

INTRODUCTION TO – TRADE UNION A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions . The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts with employers. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer.

DEFINITION OF – TRADE UNION:

DEFINITION OF – TRADE UNION “Voluntary Organizations of workers formed to promote and protect their interest by collective action.” - Sidney & Beatrice Webb. “a union is a continuing long- term association of employees, formed and maintained for the specific purpose advancing and protecting the interests of members in their working relationships.” -dale yoder

HISTORY OF – TRADE UNION:

HISTORY OF – TRADE UNION Originating in Europe , trade unions became popular in many countries during the Industrial Revolution , the origins of unions' existence can be traced from the eighteenth century. In the early 1800s many men from large cities put together the organization which we now call the Trade Union Movement . The Mechanics’ Union Trade Association , In 1827 , this union was the first U.S. labor organization

1926 ACT OF – TRADE UNION:

1926 ACT OF – TRADE UNION Indian Trade Union Act 1926 is a principal act that provides adequate safeguards to the rights of labor masses. The Trade Unions Act, 1926 is a fountain head Act in India that provides varied rules and regulation related to trade unions. The Trade Unions Act, 1926 has defined the role of trade unions and also set certain controlling mechanisms.

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The main aims and objectives of this Act emphasizes on the reciprocal relationship between the employers and employees. Apart to the principal Act, nowadays many amendment Acts and laws are enforced to make the trade Unionism more systematic and constructive in approach.

FEATURES OF – TRADE UNION:

FEATURES OF – TRADE UNION It is an association of independent workers. They may consist of :- -Employers’ association (ex, Indian paper mill association, etc.) -General labor unions -Friendly societies -Unions of intellectual labor (ex, All India Teachers Association)

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2. It is formed on a continuous basis. It is a permanent body and not a casual or temporary one. 3. It is formed to protect and promote all kinds of interests –economic, political and social-of its members. 4. It achieves its objectives through collective action and group effort. Negotiations and collective bargaining are the tools for accomplishing objectives. 5. In spite of only focusing on the economic benefits of workers, the trade unions are also working towards raising the status of labors as a part of industry.

FUNCTIONS OF – TRADE UNION:

FUNCTIONS OF – TRADE UNION Militant functions - To achieve higher wages and better working conditions. -To raise the status of workers as a part of industry. -To protect labors against victimization and injustice. Fraternal functions -To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers. -To generate self confidence among workers.

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-To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers -To provide opportunities for promotion and growth -To protect women workers against discrimination

OBJECTIVES OF – TRADE UNION:

OBJECTIVES OF – TRADE UNION To improve the economic lot of employees by securing for them better wages. To secure better working conditions for the workers. To secure bonus for the employees from the profit of the concern. To resist schemes of the management which reduce employment, e.g., rationalisation and automation.

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To secure welfare of employees through group schemes which give benefit to every employee. To protect the interests of employees by taking active participation in the management. To secure social welfare of the employees. To secure organizational stability, growth, and leadership.

STRUCTURE OF – TRADE UNION:

STRUCTURE OF – TRADE UNION

REASONS FOR JOINING – TRADE UNION:

REASONS FOR JOINING – TRADE UNION Greater Bargaining Power. Minimizes Discrimination. Sense of Security. Sense of Participation. Sense of Belongingness.

TRADE UNION - IN INDIA:

TRADE UNION - IN IN D IA The Indian workforce consists of 430 million workers, growing 2% annually. The Indian labor markets consist of three sectors: The rural workers , who constitute about 60 % of the workforce. Organized sector, which employs 8 per cent of workforce . The urban informal sector which constitutes the rest 32 per cent of the workforce.

MOVEMENT OF – TRADE UNION in India :

MOVEMENT OF – TRADE UNION in In d ia The trade union movement started in India due to the state intervention for the demand of improved working conditions. The economic reforms` package based on privatization, liberalization and austerity measures can be viewed as providing some kind of favorable environment for the trade unions in the public sector to engage in greater industrial disputes. The Trade Union is a continuous demand of the wage earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the working conditions.

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Political motivations and the ideologies influenced the Indian trade`s union movement and were in turn influenced by its increased strength. In India the Trade Union movement is generally divided on political lines. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour.

LIST OF TRADE UNION IN INDIA:

LIST OF TRADE UNION IN IN D IA At present there are twelve Central Trade Union Organizations in India: 1. All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) 2. Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) 3. Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) 4. Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) 5. Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)

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6. Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) 7. Indian National Trade Union Congress ( INTUC) 8. National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) 9. National Labor Organization (NLO) 10. Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) 11. United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) and 12. United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)

Figures of membership:

Figures of membership

PROBLEMS FACED BY – TRADE UNION:

PROBLEMS FACED BY – TRADE UNION Uneven Growth. Limited Membership. Multiplicity of Unions. Financial Problems. Indifferent Attitude of Workers.

CRITICISM – OF TRADE UNION:

CRITICISM – OF TRADE UNION Lack of education makes the workers narrow-minded, and prevents them from taking long-term views. Trade unions may not welcome rationalization and improved methods of production for the fear that some of the workers will be put out of work. They create artificial scarcity of labour by demanding that only union personnel should be employed. By undue insistence on the payment of standard rates of wages, they have only leveled down the earnings of the efficient workers.

SUGGESTION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF - TRADE UNION:

SUGGESTION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF - TRADE UNION One Union in One Industry. Union Officials. Development of Leadership from Within. Recognition of Trade Unions.

CASE STUDY – TRADE UNION:

CASE STUDY – T RADE UNION The case study focuses on the HR problems faced by Honda Motor Cycle & Scooters India (HMSI). With their demands being rejected by the management, the workers tried to form a trade union and this resulted in a confrontation with the management. (MAY ’05) Protest continued for 6 months (december’04- july’05)and the workers also resorted to job slowdown.

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On 25,july ‘05 the strike at the company that resulted in HMSI workers being severely beaten up by the police. In addition to this, the company also received a lot of negative publicity as newspapers and TV channels gave wide coverage to the violence of the action.

EFFORTS BY ::

EFFORTS BY : Rital jain 79 Hemakshee pandhi 95 Saheel dedhia 68 Karan asrani 65 Smith shah 113 Dhruvil shah 107

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