ppt on corruption for class 8th,9th, 10th

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PPT on corruption

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Made By :- Rishabh Gautam Class :- Xth - B Submitted To :- Mr. H.K Tiwari

Fight against Corruption role of government & public :

Fight against Corruption role of government & public

Corruption Defined:

Corruption Defined “ Corruption is the misuse of entrusted power for private gain” – Transparency International

Corruption:

Corruption As with many developing nations, corruption is widespread in India. India is ranked 72 out of a 179 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, although its score has improved consistently from 2.7 in 2002 to 3.5 in 2008. Corruption has taken the role of a persistent aspect of Indian politics and administration.

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CWG -70,000 CR. RS. ADARSH SCAM – NO DATA 2 G SCAM – 1,76 ,000 CR.RS. & MANY ……. WHAT NEXT ?? HALL OF SHAME –SEASONS OF SCAM

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World Map Index of perception of corruption 3.5 RATING

Corruption In Politics:

Corruption In Politics Criminalization of Indian politics is a main problem. In July 2008 Washington Times reported that nearly a fourth of the 540 Indian Parliament members faced criminal charges , "including human trafficking, immigration rackets, embezzlement, rape and even murder". At state level, things are often worse.

Corruption In Administration:

Corruption In Administration A 2009 survey of the leading economies of Asia, revealed Indian administration to be not just least efficient out of Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Philippines and Indonesia.. further it was also found that working with the India's civil servants was a "slow and painful" process.

Corruption In administration:

Corruption In administration Officials often steal state property. In Bihar , more than 80% of the subsidized food aid to poor is stolen. In Government Hospitals , corruption is associated with non availability of medicines (or duplicate medicines ), getting admission and consultations with doctors.

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MOST CORRUPTED STATES BIHAR J&K Index of Corruption by Indian states

Corruption In Judiciary:

Corruption In Judiciary Corruption is rampant in the judicial system of India. According to Transparency International, judicial corruption in India is attributable to factors such as "delays in the disposal of cases, shortage of judges and complex procedures, all of which are exacerbated by a preponderance of new laws".

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CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX YEAR RANK RATING 2001 71 2.7 OUT OF 91 COUNTRIES 2003 71 2.7 OUT OF 102 COUNTRIES 2004 83 2.8 OUT OF 133 COUNTRIES 2005 90 2.8 OUT OF 145 COUNTRIES 2006 88 2.9 OUT OF 158 COUNTRIES 2007 70 3.3 OUT OF 163 COUNTRIES 2008 72 3.5 OUT OF 179 COUNTRIES

Effects:

Effects The chief economic consequences of corruption are the loss to the exchequer. Creates unhealthy climate for investment and an increase in the cost of government-subsidized services . The TI India study estimates the monetary value of petty corruption in 11 basic services provided by the government, like education, healthcare, judiciary, police, etc….., to be around Rs.21,068 cr.

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JAN LOKPAL BILL

Anna Hazare spearheaded a nationwide campaign to demand a strong anti-corruption law Jan Lokpal Bill. :

Anna Hazare spearheaded a nationwide campaign to demand a strong anti-corruption law Jan Lokpal Bill.

Let’s understand JAN LOKPAL BILL:

Let’s understand JAN LOKPAL BILL Institution of Jan Lokpal at central govt level Jan Lokayukta in each state Correspondingly Jan Lokpal to accept corruption complaints against Central govt dept and Jan Lokayukta against state govt dept Each will have 10 members and 1 chairperson

Let’s understand JAN LOKPAL BILL:

Let’s understand JAN LOKPAL BILL Will be completely Independent Politicians and bureaucrats will not able to interfere in their functioning Will get whatever financial resources they require and will be empowered to select and employ any number of employees from within the government or outside.

WE WANT DEVELOPMENT WE WANT CORRUPTION FREE INDIA :

WE WANT DEVELOPMENT WE WANT CORRUPTION FREE INDIA In Our Shining India, Over 5000 Children Die Every Day From Hunger And Malnutrition. After reading this Do you still think india is a developing country? Around 23 lakh children, aged 1-59 months, died in India in 2005 alone.

INDIA IS A NUMBER 1 IN : :

INDIA IS A NUMBER 1 IN : One woman dies every seven minutes in India due to pregnancy-related complications and these are conservative estimates since more than 30 per cent of maternal mortality cases go unreported, according to estimates. WORLD’S NO.1 IN ROAD ACCIDENTS (DEATHS). 13 Die Every Hour. 1.14 Lakh A Year.

Corruption at High Levels:

Corruption at High Levels Present System - Despite Evidence, No Punishment Proposed System - Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta will ensure punishment for corruption… by: Time bound investigations Investigation t o be completed within 1 year May employ more staff to complete within time

Corruption at High Levels:

Corruption at High Levels After investigation if proven guilty following 2 actions shall be taken: Power to dismiss corrupt officers If complaint is proved, can remove a govt officer or impose departmental penalties Time bound trial Will file a case in trial court Trial in the court to complete & announce punishment within next 1 year May direct the govt to set up additional courts to complete the trial in time

Corruption at High Levels:

Corruption at High Levels Provision for: Recovery of loss caused to govt During investigations, they shall ban transfer of assets of the accused At the time of conviction, the court will assess the loss caused to the govt Entire loss to be recovered from the assets of the accused Currently no such provision in our existing laws

Corruption at High Levels:

Corruption at High Levels Provision for: Confiscation of Assets Each bureaucrat, politician and judge to submit their statement of moveable and immoveable assets every year This will be declared publicly, on the official website

Corruption at High Levels:

Corruption at High Levels Provision for: Confiscation of Assets If an asset is found to be owned by a public servant later and undeclared, it will be deemed to be obtained through corruption After each election, assets declared by each candidate to be verified If undeclared assets are found, a case will be registered

Corruption at High Levels:

Corruption at High Levels And most importantly Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta have: Power to punish if its orders are not followed Can impose financial penalties on the guilty officials. Initiate contempt proceedings against the guilty officials.

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Corruption at Low Levels Common man is compelled to pay bribe Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta will provide relief to the common as: Each govt dept will have to make Citizen’s Charter Charter specifies who does what job and in how much time Eg . charter will tell X officer will make ration card in Y days

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Corruption at Low Levels If Charter is not followed , then people can complain to the Head of that department who will be designated as the Public Grievance Officer (PGO) PGO will redress the complaint within 30 days maximum

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Corruption at Low Levels If PGO doesn’t satisfy the complainant, then a complaint can be made to the Vigilance officer of Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta. When a complaint is made to Jan Lokpal or Jan Lokayukta, it will be deemed to have corruption angle.

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Corruption at Low Levels The Vigilance Officer will have to Solve the grievance in 30 days Impose penalty on the guilty officers which will be given to the Complainant as compensation Start investigations of corruption against guilty officers

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How to ensure that there is no corruption within Jan Lokpal or Jan Lokayukta?

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1. By ensuring that the right person is selected! Selection process for the members and Chairperson of Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta has been kept transparent and participatory Selected by a Selection Committee comprising: Prime Minister Leader of the opposition in Lok Sabha 2 youngest judges of Supreme Court (SC) 2 youngest Chief Justices of High Courts Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) Chief Election Commissioner (CEC)

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1. By ensuring that the right person is selected! The Selection Committee will make the above appointment from a pool of shortlisted candidates that has been identified by a Search Committee Search Committee is a 10-member committee formed as follows: Selection Committee selects 5 members from retired Chief Election Commissioners and retired CAGs. These 5 members will select another 5 members from civil society to make the 10-member Search Committee.

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1. Ensuring that the right person is selected! When the Selection Committee chooses, those CECs and CAGs are ineligible to become part of Search Committee: who have any substantive allegation of corruption against them who have joined any political party after retirement who are still in any government appointment

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1. Ensuring that the right person is selected! Search Committee will invite recommendations from various eminent people from reputed institutions Like for instance Directors of IITs ,IIMs , Editors and many others. Names will be put up on a website and public feedback invited Search committee will choose 3 times the number of vacancies , by consensus

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2. Ensuring that the right person is selected! Selection committee will choose from this list, by consensus All the meetings of the Search Committee and Selection Committee shall be video recorded and will be made public. Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta will select & appoint its own officers and staff

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2. By ensuring that they work well! Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukta are directly accountable to people & transparent Every complaint will have to be heard No complaint can be rejected without giving a hearing to the complainant. If any case is closed like this, all records relating to it will be made public

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2. By ensuring that they work well! Will have to publish every month on its website: Cases received and cases disposed Cases closed, reasons for closure List of cases pending All records of all works will be open to the public, except some which: Affect national security Endanger the whistle blower Impede the process of ongoing investigation. But after investigation is complete, these will have to be disclosed

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3. By ensuring that Jan Lokpal and Jan Lokayukt are not influenced ! The Chairperson and members of Lokpal and Lokayukta will not be eligible for appointment to any position in the govt or for contesting elections after they leave office.

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4. By ensuring that if not working well, can be removed! Complaints against Staff like the Public Grievance Officers, Vigilance Officers, Chief Vigilance Officers will be made to Jan Lokpal or Jan Lokayukta Enquiry of complaint within 1 month If the allegation proved, Jan Lokpal or Jan Lokayukt will dismiss him from job in the next 1 month Criminal case will be registered under various sections of Indian Penal Code and Prevention of Corruption Act

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4. By ensuring that if not working well can be removed! Complaints against members and chair person of Lokpal and Lokayukta: Will be made to Supreme Court or respective High Court through a petition A five judge bench of respective Court, will hear the petition After hearing may order the formation of a Special Investigation Team (SIT) SIT will have to conduct inquiry and submit its report within 3 months On the basis of this enquiry report, the respective Court may order removal of the member or Chairperson.

Comparison:

Comparison CURRENT SYSTEM CURRENT SYSTEM No FIR can be registered against any Supreme Court or High Court judge without the permission of Chief Justice of India. It has been seen in the past that the Chief Justice of India tries to protect his own fraternity of judges and rarely gives such a permission. PROPOSED JAN LOKPAL-JAN LOKAYUKTA SYSTEM Under Jan Lokpal Bill, the full bench of Lokpal will give permission to file a case against any judge. No permission will be required from Chief Justice of India. Therefore, corruption in higher judiciary will also be checked through Jan Lokpal Bill. JUDGES – SC & HC

Comparison:

Comparison CURRENT SYSTEM The quantum of punishment for people convicted of corruption ranges from: 6 months to 7 years of imprisonment which is inadequate! PROPOSED JAN LOKPAL-JAN LOKAYUKTA SYSTEM The punishment will range from: 1 year rigorous imprisonment to life sentence. Higher punishment for those in higher rank. PUNISHMENT

Comparison:

Comparison CURRENT SYSTEM In the current system, if anyone obtains any benefit from the government illegally, it is difficult to prove that the person did so by paying bribes PROPOSED JAN LOKPAL-JAN LOKAYUKTA SYSTEM If a person obtains any benefit from the government in violation of a law or rules and regulations, that person along with concerned public servants shall be deemed to have indulged in corrupt practices. EVIDENCE

Comparison:

Comparison CURRENT SYSTEM Presently there are multiple anti-corruption agencies like: CBI, CVC, ACB, state vigilance department All these are controlled by corrupt officials and politicians and are ineffective. PROPOSED JAN LOKPAL-JAN LOKAYUKTA SYSTEM At central govt level, anti-corruption branch of CBI, CVC and all internal vigilance wings of all dept should be merged into Jan Lokpal. At state level, anti-corruption branch of state police, the state vigilance department, internal vigilance wings of all departments and existing Lokayuktas in states should be merged into Jan Lokayukta of that state. This will do away with multiplicity of anti-corruption agencies. Multiple Anti- Corruption Agencies

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But Now Some People Saying…… …….Prime Minister should not be covered under Jan Lokpal! Judiciary should not be covered under Jan Lokpal……. People’s Grievances will overburden them…. Lokpal should only investigate a few high profile cases of corruption! ……..Lokpal should not be given the responsibility of protecting the whistleblowers! CBI, CVC and departmental vigilance should not be merged into Lokpal… Let Lokpal be a small body and let the existing anti-corruption bodies keep functioning in ineffective manner as they are……

Anti-corruption efforts:

Anti-corruption efforts Right to information act: It is a law enacted by the Parliament of India giving citizens of India access to records of the Central Government and State Governments. The 2007 report by Transparency International puts India at the 70th place and states that significant improvements were made by India in reducing corruption.

Anti-corruption efforts:

Anti-corruption efforts Computerization: BHOOMI is a project jointly funded by the Government of India and the Government of Karnataka to digitize the paper land records and create a software mechanism to control changes to the land registry in Karnataka. The project was designed to eliminate the long-standing problem of inefficiency and corruption.

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REALLY HONEST PERSON WILL NOT CLOSE HIS EYES TO CORRUTION CLOSE HIS EARS TO COMPLAINTS KEEP QUITE ABOUT CORRUPTION

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