Muscular system 1

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About : 

About Contractions, muscle disorders, and the effects of exercise

Types of contractions : 

Types of contractions Isometric contractions- muscle does not shorten & no movement occurs. Ex.- pushing against a wall Isotonic contractions - produces movement at a joint such as walking, running or breathing Twitch contractions- quick jerky contraction Tetanic contractions – contractions which do not relax

Atrophy : 

Atrophy Atrophy is when muscles shrink in mass from lack of use. Why do you think this occurs?

It’s not a bad thing… : 

It’s not a bad thing… Muscular hypertrophy- increase in muscle size

MUSCULAR DISORDERS : 

MUSCULAR DISORDERS Myo – prefix that means “muscle” Myalgia – muscle pain Myopathies – muscle disorders

MUSCULAR DISORDERS : 

MUSCULAR DISORDERS Injury Strain – tearing or stretching fibers, caused by overexertion or trauma A strain near a joint can be a SPRAIN Inflammation – myositis Crush injuries can release muscle contents and cause kidney failure Stress can cause neck and back pain

MUSCULAR DISORDERS : 

MUSCULAR DISORDERS Infections Poliomyelitis was an infection of muscles that caused paralysis and often death. The president Franklin Delano Roosevelt had polio and spent most of his adult life in a wheelchair. “Polio” was common in the early 20th century has nearly been eliminated by a comprehensive vaccination program.

MUSCULAR DISORDERS : 

MUSCULAR DISORDERS Muscular Dystrophy A genetic disease Is actually a group of disorders characterized by muscle atrophy Is often fatal

MUSCULAR DISORDERS : 

MUSCULAR DISORDERS Multiple Sclerosis An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic fatigue and weakness

Effects of exercise : 

Effects of exercise Muscular hypertrophy- increase in muscle size Improved tone and posture More efficient heart and lung function Decreased fatigue

Strength training : 

Strength training Increases the number of microfilaments in each fiber Increases muscle mass

Endurance training : 

Endurance training Increases the muscles’ ability to sustain moderate exercise over a long period Also called “cardio” or “aerobic” exercise Does not usually result in hypertrophy More blood vessels develop to meet the need of the muscles. This increases efficiency of delivery of oxygen and nutrients to muscles.

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