why you can believe the bible is the inspirred word of god

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Jim Ballew completes a 2 part series from Rivers Edge - Atlanta - Single Vision messages on the Historical, Archaeological, and Critical Reasoning analysis of the bible. This insightful and humorous presentation can be viewed with audio at http://vimeo.com/14315894

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Presentation Transcript

The Bible IS the inspired Word of God : 

The Bible IS the inspired Word of God

The BIBLE is UNIQUE : 

The BIBLE is UNIQUE

Slide 5: 

Manuscripts Bibliographical External evidence Internal evidence Archaeology Prophecy Statistics To discover whether the Bible is reliable, you need M.A.P.S. (M.A.P.S. was developed by Hank Hanegraaff)

Timelines of BIBLE in HISTORY : 

Timelines of BIBLE in HISTORY OT Verified 99.5% Same from 200BC to Present

Slide 7: 

Qumran Cave #4

Degree of Accuracy – Old Testament : 

Degree of Accuracy – Old Testament Sopherim Scribes (EZRA) – 400 BC to 200 AD Talmudic – 100 AD to 500 AD Masoretic - 500 AD to 950 AD*

Degree of Accuracy : 

Degree of Accuracy

Slide 10: 

Manuscript Evidence Three Tests: Bibliographical External evidence Internal evidence Assuming that the translation/copying is accurate, how do we know if the writers did not make up the stories?

External Evidence Test : 

External Evidence Test “Indeed so extensive are these citations that if all other sources for our knowledge of the text of the New Testament were destroyed, they would be sufficient alone for the reconstruction of practically the entire New Testament.” Bruce Metzger, The Text of the New Testament, p. 86

Extra-Biblical Secular Sources : 

Extra-Biblical Secular Sources Writer Date Subject Cornellius Tacitus 112 Death of Jesus at the hands of Pilate Lucian 2nd C The new cult of Christianity Flavius Josephus 66 Life/Death of Jesus Suetonius 120 Christ-The reason for Jews expulsion from Rome Pliny 112 Christians bound not to sin - Jesus Thallus 52 Histories-Darkness at Christ’s death (eclipse) Philegon 1st C Darkness (Eclipse) Mara Bar-Serapion 73 Calamities brought by deaths of Socrates, Pythagorus and Jesus

Arguments Against the Bible : 

Arguments Against the Bible No different from any other religious book Jesus didn’t do the miracles (written in after) Jesus Wasn’t Resurrected - Great Hoax put over by Disciples - They hid the body - His body revived and he moved to India It is full of contradictions Davinci Code (like) arguments

Slide 14: 

Manuscript Evidence Three Tests: Bibliographical External evidence Internal evidence How do we know if the writers did not make up the stories?

Internal Evidence Test 1 : 

Internal Evidence Test 1 To be sure, there are minor discrepancies: One account (Matt. 28:5) mentions only one angel at the tomb. John says there were two angels at the tomb (John 20:12). But they both testified that JESUS ROSE FROM THE DEAD. The witnesses did not contradict each other.

Internal Evidence Test 2 : 

Internal Evidence Test 2 9 people wrote the N.T., all of whom were eye witnesses or contemporary to the events they recorded. All of these books bear witness to the miracle of the Resurrection. In 1 Cor. 15, Paul mentions there were 500 people who saw Jesus after the Resurrection. There was a sufficient number of witnesses.

Internal Evidence Test 3 : 

Internal Evidence Test 3 Most of them even died for what they taught about Christ (2 Timothy 4:6-8; 2 Peter 1:14). The witnesses were truthful.

Internal Evidence Test 4 : 

Internal Evidence Test 4 The witnesses wrote things that didn’t reflect favorably on themselves or their cause: Disciples arguing about positions of honor in heaven; who would have a seat at Jesus right hand Peter not eating with those who were uncircumcised Women found the tomb empty first Jesus calling Peter Satan

Did the Writers Use Primary Sources? : 

Did the Writers Use Primary Sources? 2 Pet. 1:16 says, “For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we make known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His Majesty.” John 19: 35 says, “And he who has seen has borne witness, and his witness is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.”

Peter – who do you say I am? : 

Peter – who do you say I am?

Slide 21: 

Manuscripts Archaeology Prophecy Statistics To discover whether the Bible is reliable, you need M.A.P.S. (M.A.P.S. was developed by Hank Hanegraaff)

The Testimony of the Stones : 

The Testimony of the Stones No archaeological evidence has ever refuted the Bible. Thousands of archaeological finds support the Bible. Dr. Norman Geisler

Archaeology : 

Archaeology Archaeological Discoveries: In the 19th C, the Bible was accused of being fictitious because no non-Biblical texts have been written about the Hittites. In 1906, digs at Hattushash proved that it was the capital city of the Hittites, silencing the sceptical scholars and archaeologists.

“Pontius Pilate Prefect of Judea” 26-37 AD (Discovered 1961) : 

“Pontius Pilate Prefect of Judea” 26-37 AD (Discovered 1961)

Accuracy of Acts : 

Accuracy of Acts WHOEVER HEARD OF "POLITARCHS"? Ac 17:6 - CONCERNING THE TERM "RULERS OF THE CITY" (GREEK "POLITARCHS")... Since the term is not found in the classical literature of the Greeks it was assumed that Luke was wrong to refer to such an office. HOWEVER... some 19 inscriptions have now been found that make use of this title; five of these are in reference to Thessalonica!

A Skeptic’s Conclusion : 

A Skeptic’s Conclusion “I began with a mind unfavorable to it (Acts), for the ingenuity and apparent completeness of the Tubingen theory had at one time quite convinced me. It did not lie then in my line of life to investigate the subject minutely; but more recently I found myself often brought in contact with the book of Acts as an authority for the topography, antiquities, and society of Asia Minor. It was gradually borne in upon me that in various details the narrative showed marvelous truth.” Is the New Testament corroborated by archaeology? Sir Wm. Ramsay, St. Paul the Traveller and the Roman Citizen, p. 8

A Reporter’s Conclusion : 

A Reporter’s Conclusion Archaeology “In extraordinary ways, modern archeology has affirmed the historical core of the Old and New Testaments--corroborating key portions of the stories of Israel’s patriarchs, the Exodus, the Davidic monarchy, the life and times of Jesus.” Jeffrey Shelter, “Is the Bible True?”, US News and World Report, Oct. 25, 1999, p. 52

Slide 29: 

Manuscripts Archaeology Prophecy Statistics (M.A.P.S. was developed by Hank Hanegraaff) To discover whether the Bible is reliable, you need M.A.P.S.

Prophesy : 

Prophesy Jerusalem to be destroyed – Micah 3:12 (740 AD) When the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 135 AD, they literally ran a plow over the land Jews to scatter – Deut 28:64, Gen 28:14-15 (1400 BC) 800 OT – 200 NT Persecution – Deut 28:65-67, Zech 8:13 (520 BC) TYRE - Saved and Revenge – Jer. 30:11 (585-561 BC), Ez 26:8-10 (571 BC)

TYRE Prophecies (Ezekiel 26) : 

TYRE Prophecies (Ezekiel 26) 1) Nebuchadnezzar will destroy the mainland of Tyre 2) Many nations against Tyre. 3) Make her a bare rock; flat like the top of a rock. 4) Fishermen will spread their nets over the site. 5) Throw the debris into the water. 6) Never be rebuilt. 7) Never be found again SECULAR HISTORY ACCOUNT: Alexander the Great ... reduced Tyre to ruins... The larger part of the site of the once great city is now bare as the top of a rock --- a place where fishermen now spread their nets to dry."

Slide 32: 

Daniel 2, 7 and 8( Written 536-530 BC) 612 BC - 538 BC 538 BC – 331 BC 331 BC - 168 BC 168 BC – 476 AD 476 AD – Present?

Babylonian LionNow in a British Museum : 

Babylonian LionNow in a British Museum

Slide 34: 

Manuscripts Archaeology Prophecy Statistics To discover whether the Bible is reliable, you need M.A.P.S. (M.A.P.S. was developed by Hank Hanegraaff)

Messianic Prophecy : 

Messianic Prophecy Place of birth (Mic. 5:2) Time of birth (Dan. 9:25) Manner of birth (Is. 7:14) Sold for 30 pieces of silver (Zech. 11:12) Manner of death (Ps. 22:16) People’s reactions (mocking, spitting, staring, etc.) (Ps. 22:7,8, 17) His side pierced (Zech. 12:10) Burial in a rich man’s tomb (Is 53:9) J. Barton Payne in his Encyclopedia of Biblical Prophecies (P. 665-670) lists 191 Prophecies that were literally fulfilled in the life, death, and resurrection of Christ:

Statistical Probability : 

Statistical Probability 8 prophecies all being fulfilled in the life of Christ: 1 X 1017 48 Prophecies: I X 10157 (more atoms than there are in the Universe) Taken from Peter Stoner, Science Speaks

Proof More Than Any Other : 

Proof More Than Any Other

Translations : 

Translations Joseph DIDN’T have a coat of many colors Lord’s prayer doesn’t end ‘For yours is thepower...’ We were not made a little lower than ‘the angels’ (Ps 8:5)

Translations : 

Translations The Greek word we translate as ‘BELIEVE’ is PISTEVO. There is NO NOUN ‘belief’ in the Greek. "Jesus said to her, I am the Resurrection and the Life. Whoever believes in Me, although he may die, yet he shall live" (John 11:25). Reality is to Adhere to, Trust in, Rely on, Cling to)

Translations : 

Translations Translations: Literal (Word for Word) Dynamic (Paraphrased) Free (Thought for thought)

Jesus’ Resurrection : 

Jesus’ Resurrection If there is no resurrection, our faith is vain, we are still in our sins, and we are pitiable. (1 Corinthians 15 ) Roman Centurions Eyewitness testimony to events (500+) No dispute by early believers Willing to DIE for belief that Jesus was raised. For more information: http://www.afn.org/~afn52344/resexalt.html

Evolution (Science) and the Bible : 

Evolution (Science) and the Bible Bible is NOT a Science Textbook Six literal days? Darwin’s Criteria Transitional forms proving theory Not even ventured to address Origin of Life Bible ESTABLISHED most basic scientific principles (earth round), quantum theory, etc.

How do we use it? : 

How do we use it? In Context (Entire Bible, Book, Chapter, etc.) Historical (Cultural) Understanding Allow the BIBLE to define its own terms GUIDANCE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT!

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