ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION-presentation

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ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION:

ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION

What does it mean?:

A text which analyses, persuades the reader that something is the case, gives a point of view and substantiates what is claimed with reference to relevant authorities (readings). What does it mean?

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An analytical text can be found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc.

The generic structure of analytical exposition :

Thesis Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writer’s position; Outlines of the arguments are presented. The generic structure of analytical exposition

Arguments:

consists about Point and Elaboration Point , states the main argument Elaboration , develops and supports each point of argument Arguments

Reiteration or conclusion:

Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writer’s position Reiteration or conclusion

The purpose of analytical text:

to persuade by presenting arguments to analyze or explain ‘how’ and ‘why’ The purpose of analytical text

The Importance of English :

Thesis { I personally think that English is the world’s most important language. Why do I say that? Argument 1 { Firstly, English is an international language. It is spoken by many people all around the world, either as a first or second language. Argument 2 { Secondly, English is also the key which opens doors to scientific and technical knowledge, which is needed for the economic and political development of many countries in the world. Argument 3 { Thirdly, English is a top requirement of those seeking jobs. Applicants who master either active or passive English are more favorable than those who do not. Reiteration { From the fact above, it is obvious that everybody needs to learn English to greet the global era. The Importance of English

Exercise: Make in pairs. Analyze the analytical exposition text structure of the story. And then summarize of each part. :

Is Smoking Good for Us? Before we are going to smoke, it is better to look at the fact. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as direct result of smoking. This is seven times as many as die in road accidents. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking. Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. If we smoke five cigarettes a day, we are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non smoker. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day, the risk is nineteen greater. Ninety five percent of people who suffer of bronchitis are people who are smoking. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non smokers. Additionally, children of smoker are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. In one hour in smoky room, non smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked fifteen cigarettes. Exercise: Make in pairs. Analyze the analytical exposition text structure of the story. And then summarize of each part.

Read the text below aloud, and then answer the questions! Being Fat Matters :

Do you know if you are too fat, you may have serious problems with your health? A group of doctors wrote a report about some of the effects of too much fat. One important effect is on the heart. If you are fat, your heart has to work harder. This may lead to a heart attack; or it may lead to other heart problem. In addition, extra fat can also change the amount of sugar in your blood. This can cause serious disease such as diabetes. Furthermore high blood pressure is another possible result of being fat. More studies are needed about all these problems. But one thing is clear, extra fat may make your life sorter. Question: 1. What will happen to your heart if you are too fat? 2. Is there any effect on your blood if you are too fat? What is it? 3. What is the conclusion of all the fact? 4. From where do all of the facts come from? 5. How is the generic structure of the text? Read the text below aloud, and then answer the questions! Being Fat Matters

Generic Features of Analytical Exposition :

It uses mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something. For example: realize, feel etc. Generic Features of Analytical Exposition

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It usually uses Simple Present Tense and Present Perfect Tense. Enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments: Firstly, secondly …, Finally, etc.

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Evaluative language is another way to persuade people agree with the writer’s opinion e.g. This is the worst, It’s true, It’s important, It’s clear, I believe, It is obvious that etc.

Language features:

Emotive words (e.g. worried, alarmed etc) Words that qualify statements (e.g. usual, probably etc) Words that link arguments (e.g. firstly, however, therefore etc) Language features

Example:

T he Importance of English Thesis { I personally think that English is the world’s most important language. Why do I say that? Argument 1 { Firstly, English is an international language. It is spoken by many people all around the world, either as a first or second language . Argument 2 { Secondly, English is also the key which opens doors to scientific and technical knowledge, which is needed for the economic and political development of many countries in the world. Argument 3 { Thirdly, English is a top requirement of those seeking jobs. Applicants who master either active or passive English are more favorable than those who do not. Conclusion { From the fact above, it is obvious that everybody needs to learn English to greet the global era. Example

Note :

Enumerations such as Firstly, secondly, thirdly etc are sometimes given to show the list of given arguments Present Tense : I think, English is international language, Everybody needs to learn English etc. Note

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