Artificial Intelligence

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Presented By:- Priyanka . Singh Kushmit . G. Gupta Rinkesh . A. Bafna

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History. Needs. What is AI. How does it works.? Three Laws. Applications. Articles.

History:

History The birth of artificial intelligence 1943-1956 where electronic devices (ENIAC) was developed. The ENIAC's design and construction was financed by the United States Army during World War II The cost of this computer was almost $500,000 (nearly $6 million in 2010 with reference to inflation).

What does Artificial Intelligence stands for?:

What does Artificial Intelligence stands for? Intelligence is the ability to think, to imagine, to create, memorize, understand, recognize patterns, make choices etc. Artificial intelligence is a human effort to create a non-organic machine-based entity, that has all the above abilities. NEED OF ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE? Computers have trouble understanding specific situations, and adapting to new situations. Artificial Intelligence aims to improve machine behavior in tackling such complex tasks.

What is Artificial Intelligence ?:

What is Artificial Intelligence ? The branch of computer science. A system that makes it possible for a machine to perform functions similar to human intelligence. Problem Solving The ability of a computer or other machine to perform those activities that are normally thought to require intelligence. According to John Mc Carthy , “ The science and engineering of making intelligent machine.”

How does Artificial Intelligence work?:

How does Artificial Intelligence work? Planning: Planning programs start with general facts about the world (especially facts about the effects of actions), facts about the particular situation and a statement of a goal. From these, they generate a strategy for achieving the goal. Pattern recognition: The main focus in AI today is getting a computer to recognize, make senses and recreate in what it sees and hears. The two major divisions of pattern recognition are machine vision and sound. Ontology: Ontology is the study of what objects are and what are they made of. It is the study of kinds of things that exist . Pattern-Recognition-Vision: It's goal is to get a computer to recognize pictures so that it can recognize objects in its surroundings that would be helpful in robotics. Pattern-Recognition-Sound: It wants to achieve a similar goal but is a primary concern with companies that want to produce a new means in which a person interacts with a computer by talking.

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Robotics: Robotics is the study of how to design, build, use, and work with robots. Robots are mechanical devices that can move and react to sensory input giving them some degree of autonomous control. Three laws of robotics: A robot may not injure or harm a human being or allow a human being to come to harm. A robot must follow the instructions given to it by a human being without violating Rule 1 A robot must protect itself as long as such protection does not violate Rules 1 & 2.

Application of Artificial Intelligence:

Application of Artificial Intelligence To be useful, a system has to be able to do more than just correctly perform some task. Johan McDermott Heavy Industries and Space- An entire manufacturing process is now totally automated, controlled and maintained by a computer system in car manufacture, computer chip production and almost every high-tech process. Finance: Banks use intelligent software applications to screen and analyze financial data.

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Aviation: Air lines use expert systems in planes to monitor atmospheric conditions and system status. Game AI: Hydra is the latest chess supercomputer to lay down the gauntlet to the world's top players. Medicine: NEW BLOOD TEST SPOTS CANCER: In one of the biggest advances in cancer research in years, scientists have developed a blood test that can detect cancer with a greater than 90% accuracy.

Articles :

Articles NASA Plans New Robot Generation to Explore Moon NASA and General Motors have come together to develop the next generation dexterous humanoid robot. The robots – called Robonaut2 – were designed to use the same tools as humans

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Thank You ! Priyanka . Singh 32 Kushmit . G. Gupta 33 Rinkesh . A. Bafna 02

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