SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

INTRODUCTION The industrial countries have achieved high level of development and decent standard of living at the cost of environment and depletion of natural resources. The question is : How long this kind of development will be sustainable? :

INTRODUCTION The industrial countries have achieved high level of development and decent standard of living at the cost of environment and depletion of natural resources. The question is : How long this kind of development will be sustainable?

MEANING:

MEANING Sustainable Development is a Concept. S. Development states that : - there should be balance between development activities & consumption of resources.

Cont..:

Cont.. S.D refers to: - equal distribution of responsibility. - philosophy of equality - equal distribution of resources.

At last: :

At last: It is an approach towards protection of environment and avoiding depletion of non renewable resources.

ORGANIZATIONS WORKING FOR S.D :

ORGANIZATIONS WORKING FOR S.D IOSD UNEP International Organization for Sustainable Development United Nations Environment Programme

.:

. The International Organization for Sustainable Development (IOSD) is an international non-governmental organization dedicated to promoting an understanding of Sustainable Development anchored in the needs and realities of developing countries.

MISSION OF IOSD:

MISSION OF IOSD To foster the well-being of all human beings by promoting sustainable economic development, inter-cultural dialogue, and facilitating access to world-class higher education, especially in the developing nations of Africa and the Pacific.

UNEP :

UNEP The UN Environment Programme (or UNEP) coordinates United Nations environmental activities, - assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and - encourages sustainable development through sound environmental practices.

Cont… It was founded as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in December 1972 and is headquartered in Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya. :

Cont… It was founded as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in December 1972 and is headquartered in Gigiri , Nairobi , Kenya .

FUNDAMENTALS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:

FUNDAMENTALS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Fundamentals..:

Fundamentals .. Population Economy Poverty Forest Mountains Agriculture Biodiversity

POPULATION:

POPULATION Population growth and economic development are affecting the environment. The interplay b/w population growth, resource depletion has been debated much. There is a relationship b/w population growth and environmental damage.

Cont…:

Cont… According to the 2008 Revision of the official United Nations population estimates and projections, the world population is projected to reach 7 billion early in 2012, up from the current 6.9 billion (May 2009), to exceed 9 billion people by 2050. Most of the increase will be in developing countries

Carrying capacity :

Carrying capacity At the global scale scientific data now indicates that humans are living beyond the carrying capacity of planet Earth and that this cannot continue indefinitely.

ECONOMY :

ECONOMY Rate of GNP is considered to be an indicator of economic performance of any nation. Increase in GNP indicates the economic health of the country is good. But such increase in the ultimate analysis, is based on high rate of consumption of natural resources of which environmental degradation is the result.

POVERTY:

POVERTY According to the Brundtland report , “poverty is a major cause and effect of global environmental problems Individuals living in poverty tend to rely heavily on their local ecosystem as a source for basic needs(such as nutrition and medicine) and general needs. This is a fact that poor people directly depend upon natural resources for their livelihood.

FOREST:

FOREST It is estimated that about: - 270 million tones of fuel wood, - 280 million tones of fodder, - over 12 million cubic mt. of timber and, - countless non- wood forests products….. Are removed or exploit from the forest annually .

AGRICULTURE :

AGRICULTURE Food is essential to life. Feeding more than seven billion human bodies takes a heavy toll on the Earth’s resources. This begins with the appropriation of about 38% of the Earth’s land surface and about 20% of its net primary productivity.

Cont..:

Cont.. Added to this: are the resource-hungry activities of industrial agribusiness – * everything from the crop need for - irrigation water, - synthetic fertilizers and pesticides to the resource costs of food packaging, -transport (now a major part of global trade) and retail

Sustainability principles :

Sustainability principles 1. Reduce dependence upon fossil fuels, underground metals, and minerals 2. Reduce dependence upon synthetic chemicals & other unnatural substances 3. Reduce encroachment upon nature 4. Meet human needs fairly & efficiently

THANK YOU:

THANK YOU

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