Text & Hypertext in Teaching & Learning

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Text and Hypertext:

Text and Hypertext EME6507 University of Central Florida

Agenda:

Agenda Overview Benefits and Drawbacks Learning Devices Instructional Strategies Common Tools

Text:

Text Most commonly used medium Alphanumeric characters that may be displayed in numerous formats—books, chalkboard, etc. Primary uses of text: Standalone instruction Supplement other media Picture 1. Stack of text (and some graphics)

Text:

Text Issues to consider: Audience Is the text age/level appropriate? Language How hard/easy if the text to read? Sequence How is the text organized? Are there connectives such as bullets/numbers? Presentation Are there supporting graphics, photos, cartoons? Layout What is the visual impact on the page? Amount of Information Is there too much or too little information Visual Elements

Visual Elements:

Visual Elements Font Style: Projected—sans serif (Verdana) Printed—serif (Times New Roman) L i m i t N u m b e r CAPITALS C o l o r Size S p a c i n g

Benefits of Text:

Benefits of Text Little production required All students have equal view No special equipment needed Multiple formats Cost-effective Complements other forms of media well.

Drawbacks of Text:

Drawbacks of Text Simplistic “ boring ”

Text-related learning: printed:

Text-related learning: printed Learning Aids Guide sheets Job Aids Training Materials Handouts Study Guides Instructor ’ s Manuals Informational Materials Brochures Newsletters Annual Reports

Text-based learning: display:

Text-based learning: display Chalkboard Flip charts Bulletin boards others

Text-Based Instructional Strategies:

Text-Based Instructional Strategies Letter writing Evaluating text News reporting Journals Writing composition Recounting events

Text-development tools:

Text-development tools Word OpenOffice NotePad AppleWorks (Pages) Google Docs

Hypertext:

Hypertext Linked Text Links to: Additional resources Definitions Images Links can be text or images Primary uses: Define Reinforce Provide additional resources Illustrate Diagram edited from http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/Talks/General.html

Benefits of hypertext:

Benefits of hypertext User control Can link to multiple forms of media Easy to create Minimal production/equipment Teacher controlled Resources can be limited by teacher Student Interactivity

Drawbacks of hypertext:

Drawbacks of hypertext Can be overwhelming (too many options) Lost in cyberspace Content not interesting The possibility of missing information Medium is not user-friendly Not entertaining or popular Story interpretation issues

Pedagogical Strategies:

Pedagogical Strategies Don ’ t abandon linear text; use it first, but shorten normal length, then integrate hypertext Show the differences and similarities between the two types of projects (text-based and hypertext-based) Offer a range of options for the variation in technical skill Show lots of examples, different types of examples Provide clear grading criteria, distribute, and reinforce Don ’ t let “ technophobic ” students make it more complicated than it is; simplify; let peers teach also

Hypertext-based instructional strategies:

Hypertext-based instructional strategies WebQuests Web Inquiry Projects Embedded hyperlinks in readings Creating webpages Research projects Biographical searches

Hypertext development tools :

Hypertext development tools Word processing tools Web editors Presentation applications Others???

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