logging in or signing up Bipolar Disorders reynel89 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 305 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: April 06, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Bipolar Disorders: Bipolar Disorders Sheila Lechado , RNoverview: overviewBipolar disorders: Bipolar disorders A lso considered mood disorders, include the occurrence of depressive episodes and one or more elated mood episodes An elated mood can include a range of affect, from normal mood to hypomania to maniaBipolar disorders: Bipolar disorders In the most intense presentation, the person with bipolar disorder experiences altered thought processes, which can produce bizarre delusions.Diagnostic evaluation: Diagnostic evaluationPowerPoint Presentation: Rating scale assessment tools: Young Mania Rating Scale Manic State Rating Scale There appear to be no laboratory features that distinguish major depressive episodes found in major depressive disorder from those in bipolar I or bipolar II disorder.PowerPoint Presentation: Complete psychophysiologic examination. Complete assessment to rule out medical conditions.Management: ManagementPowerPoint Presentation: Patients may receive treatment in acute inpatient psychiatric hospitals or in the community in an outpatient program The decision about treatment setting is made according to severity of patient's illness, including degree of mania or depression as well as risk of self-harm or harm to others.PowerPoint Presentation: Inpatient treatment is directed toward drug management as well as supportive psychotherapy in order to alleviate the acute manic symptoms. Pharmacologic treatment for acute mania consists of the following: Lithium ( Lithobid ) Anticonvulsants, such as carbamazepine ( Tegretol ) and valproate ( Depakene ), for mood-stabilizing propertiesPowerPoint Presentation: Neuroleptic agents, such as risperidone (Risperdal), for acute psychotic thinking Benzodiazepines, such as clonazepam ( Klonopin ) or lorazepam (Ativan), for acute agitation Psychotherapy is used as described above in the section related to depression.PowerPoint Presentation: Psychiatric home care nursing to facilitate compliance with drugs and therapeutic interventions. Community-based support group participation.PowerPoint Presentation: DRUG ALERT Patients taking lithium can develop toxicity related to elevated levels in the blood; therefore, lithium blood levels must be monitored periodically. Initial therapy requires daily monitoring until a safe, therapeutic level is attained; weekly and then monthly monitoring is then recommended. Lithium toxicity is related to decreased serum sodium levels and inadequate hydration. Therefore, patients taking lithium must have normal sodium intake and drink at least 2 to 3 qt (2 to 3 L) of water daily.complications: complicationsPowerPoint Presentation: Untreated bipolar disorder can lead to physical exhaustion. Poor judgment and risk-taking behavior can lead to financial problems. Alcohol and drug abuse problems can develop and cause disruption in the family. Concurrent medical conditions may be exacerbated.PowerPoint Presentation: Thank You! You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.