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Premium member Presentation Transcript Patient Education for HIV and AIDS: Patient Education for HIV and AIDS Nenette Dusal , RNPowerPoint Presentation: Indicate that patient could be a source of infection to others and should take actions to prevent transmission no exchange of blood or body fluids Encourage patient to disclose HIV status to: sex partners needle-sharing partnersPowerPoint Presentation: Emphasize to HIV-positive woman that children should be tested for HIV Discuss family planning with HIV-positive woman the rate of transmission from mother to newborn is approximately 20% can be decreased to less than 2% when antiviral therapy is provided during pregnancyPowerPoint Presentation: If she does not want more children, discuss birth control options Establish both a primary care and HIV provider for the patient and encourage regular follow-up care. For primary care: yearly Papanicolaou smears for women and routine dental and eye examinations.PowerPoint Presentation: For HIV: follow-up visits every 3 months with laboratory assessment of CD4 + , HIV RNA viral load, CBC with differential, and comprehensive metabolic panel. Teach patient to recognize and report important symptoms: Change in pattern or magnitude of temperature elevationPowerPoint Presentation: Development of a new focal complaint: skin spots, sore mouth, and diarrhea Emphasize to injection drug users that continued use may expose them to additional infection, and such infections may accelerate disease progression. Assist them in finding drug treatment.PowerPoint Presentation: Encourage patient to modify sexual behaviors for safer sex. Use latex male condoms. If a man will not use a condom, the woman can use a female condom. Encourage patient to read literature from various AIDS action groups on safer sex techniques.PowerPoint Presentation: If the patient abuses substances (drugs, alcohol): Encourage enrollment in a treatment program. Caution patient not to share needles and to join needle-exchange program, if available. If unused needles are not available, advise cleaning needles before using with a bleach/water solution.PowerPoint Presentation: Teach patient to optimize immune system function through: sound dietary practices, exercise, regular sleep Promote changes in the direction of more healthful living Some patients may use complementary or alternative therapies, such as vitamins, herbs, and teas.PowerPoint Presentation: Caution the patient to share these additional therapies with the primary provider. Refer patient to resources such as: Patient-oriented site with many resources including a list of hotlines for HIV consumers, www.thebody.com .PowerPoint Presentation: Consumer oriented magazine, which is available online and by mail, www.poz.com . 100 Question and Answers about HIV and AIDS by Joel Gallant (paperback available at bookstores). Excellent resource for patients in easy-to-understand language. “100 Questions and Answers about HIV and AIDS” by the New York State Health Department, www. health.state.ny.us /diseases/aids/facts/questions/ index.htm or 518-474-3459.PowerPoint Presentation: References for health care professionals: U.S. Public Health Service, www.aidsinfo.nih.gov . Comprehensive Web site with links to a variety of information sources, including a list of resources for consumers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with general AIDS information, publications, resources, statistics, www.cdc.gov / hiv .PowerPoint Presentation: Johns Hopkins University AIDS Service, www. hopkinshivguide.org /. General AIDS information, content review of recent AIDS conferences, e-mail HIV consult service for providers and patients. International resources, www.unaids.org /en/. Provides international view of AIDS epidemic with links for other international resources.DRUG ALERT: DRUG ALERT Oral contraceptives interact with many protease inhibitors and NNRTI medications Encourage the patient to discuss this with her obstetrician/gynecologist because she may need alternative contraception Perform careful medication reconciliation after the visit Consult with the pharmacist if there is a question.DRUG ALERT: DRUG ALERT Protease inhibitor levels can be affected by St. John's wort , an herbal treatment for depression Discourage patients taking protease inhibitors from using this over-the-counter herbal remedy.PowerPoint Presentation: Thank You! You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.