Newborn Screening

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SAVE YOUR BABY from Mental Retardation:

SAVE YOUR BABY from Mental Retardation Aries Glenn B. Galao , BSN, RN

What is newborn screening? :

What is newborn screening?

Newborn Screening:

Newborn Screening A simple procedure to find out if your baby has a congenital metabolic disorder that may lead to mental retardation or even death if left untreated.

Why in newborn screening done?:

Why in newborn screening done?

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Most babies with metabolic disorders look “normal” at birth. By doing NBS , metabolic disorders may be detected even before clinical signs and symptoms are present. Treatment can be given to prevent consequences of untreated conditions.

When is newborn screening done?:

When is newborn screening done?

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NBS is usually done on the 48 th – 72 nd hour of life. It may also be done 24 hours from birth. Some disorders are not detected if the test is done earlier than 24 hours.

How is newborn screening done?:

How is newborn screening done?

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Using the heel prick method, a few drops of blood are taken from the baby’s heel and blotted on a special absorbent filter card. The blood is dried for 4 hours and sent to Newborn Screening Center ( NSC ).

Who will collect the sample for newborn screening?:

Who will collect the sample for newborn screening?

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The blood sample for NBS may be collected by a trained: Physician Nurse Midwife Medical technologist

Where is newborn screening available?:

Where is newborn screening available?

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NBS is available in participating Newborn Screening Facilities: Hospitals Lying-ins Rural Health Unit Health Canters If babies are delivered at home, they may be brought to the nearest Newborn Screening Facility.

When are newborn screening results availabale?:

When are newborn screening results availabale ?

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Normal NBS results are available 7-14 working days from the time NBS samples are received at the Newborn Screening Centers . Positive NBS results are relayed from the NSC to the NSF immediately. Parents should claim the NBS reults from their physician or health practitioner.

What is the meaning of the newborn screening result?:

What is the meaning of the newborn screening result?

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A negative screen means that NBS result is normal . A positive screen means that the newborn must be brought back to his/her health practitioner for further testing.

What should be done when a baby has a positive NBS result?:

What should be done when a baby has a positive NBS result?

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Babies with positive results should be referred at once to a specialist for confirmatory testing and further management. Consult http:// www.nsrc-nih.org.ph for the list of specialists.

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Disorder Screened Effect if NOT SCREENED Effect if SCREENED and Treated CH (Congenital Hypothyroidism) Severe Mental Retardation Normal CAH (Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia) Death Alive and Normal GAL ( Galactosemia ) Death or Cataracts Alive and Normal PKU (Phenylketonuria) Severe Mental Retardation Normal G6PD Deficiency Severe Anemia, Kernicterus Normal

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Help us save the 33,000 babies affected by any of these disorders. 16:59

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