Gerunds

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Gerunds : 

Gerunds Practice for VESL class Kristi Reyes

Gerunds are “verbals” that take the place of nouns : 

Gerunds are “verbals” that take the place of nouns A noun is a person, place, thing A noun can be the subject of a sentence For example: Technology is interesting. Technology is a noun (a thing) and is the subject of the sentence.

Gerunds are nouns : 

Gerunds are nouns A noun can be the object of a sentence For example: He likes computers. Computers is a noun (a thing) and is the object of the sentence.

Gerunds are nouns : 

Gerunds are nouns A noun can be an object of a preposition (words like in, on, at, for, to, from, by, about, around, etc.) Example: She is fascinated by that career. Career is a noun (a thing) and is the object of the preposition by.

Gerunds can be located in the same places as nouns : 

Gerunds can be located in the same places as nouns But a gerund is an activity An example of a gerund as the subject of a sentence: Studying is fun! Studying is a gerund. It is the subject of the sentence.

Gerunds can be located in the same places as nouns : 

Gerunds can be located in the same places as nouns An example of a gerund as the object of a sentence: I like learning new things. Learning is a gerund. It is the object of the sentence.

Gerunds can be located in the same places as nouns : 

Gerunds can be located in the same places as nouns An example of a gerund as the object of a preposition: The students are interested in improving their English. Improving is a gerund. It is the object of the preposition in.

How is a gerund formed? : 

How is a gerund formed? Verb + ing

Slide 9: 

Remember –ing spelling rules?

Let’s practice: Change the sentences so that the underlined parts are gerunds in the subject position. : 

Let’s practice: Change the sentences so that the underlined parts are gerunds in the subject position. Her goal is to go to college. Going to college is her goal. It is important to have computer skills. Having computer skills is important. It is easy to find a job. Finding a job is easy. The company’s mission is to provide quality customer service. Providing quality customer service is the company’s mission. It is difficult to not have a rewarding career. Not having a rewarding career is difficult.

Now it’s your turn: On a piece of paper, write your answers using a gerund as the subject of the sentences. Then click to the next slide to check your answers. : 

Now it’s your turn: On a piece of paper, write your answers using a gerund as the subject of the sentences. Then click to the next slide to check your answers. It is difficult to learn to understand spoken English. What is difficult? It is important for banks to teach employees what to do in case of robbery. This will help to improve bank security. What will help to improve bank security? Banks can install cameras and silent alarms in order to help improve bank security. What will also help improve bank security?

Answers : 

Answers Learning to understand spoken English is difficult. Teaching employees what to do in case of robbery is important for banks to improve security. Installing cameras and silent alarms can also help improve bank security.