Voluntary Blood Donation

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voluntary blood donation, definition, why voluntary blood donation?, donor selection criteria,.


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Voluntary Blood Donation:

Voluntary Blood Donation Dr Renu Chauhan , FIME 2015-B

Voluntary, non-remunerated blood donor::

Voluntary, non-remunerated blood donor: A person who gives blood, plasma or other blood components of his/her own free will and receives no payment for it, either in the form of cash or in-kind which could be considered a substitute for money. This includes time off work, other than reasonably needed for the donation and travel.

Categories of Voluntary blood donor :

Categories of Voluntary blood donor 1 . New voluntary donor: A voluntary non-remunerated blood donor who has never donated blood before. 2 . Lapsed voluntary donor: A voluntary non-remunerated blood donor who has given blood in the past but does not fulfill the criteria for a regular donor. 3. Regular voluntary donor : A voluntary non-remunerated blood donor who donates blood on a regular basis without any break for a longer duration between two donations. 4. Regular Voluntary Non-Remunerated Blood Donor A voluntary non-remunerated blood donor who has donated at least three times, the last donation being within the previous year, and continues to donate regularly at least once per year.

B. Other categories of blood donors :

B. Other categories of blood donors i ) Family / Replacement blood donor 1. A donor who gives blood when it is required by a member of the patient's family or community. This may involve a hidden paid donation system in which the donor is paid by the patient's family. 2. A family / replacement donor is one who gives blood when it is required by a member of his/her family or community. This often involves coercion and/or payment which compromise the safety of the blood. 3. A member of the family or a friend of the patient who donates blood in replacement of blood needed for the particular patient without involvement of any monetary or other benefits from any source.

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ii) Paid / Professional blood donor A donor who donates blood in exchange of money or other form of payment. The professional Blood donation is banned in our country w.e.f.1st January 1998. iii) Forced blood donor A person who is not willing to donate blood on his/her own, but is being forced by their superiors or employer for donation. There is always a fear of losing ones own job or promotion.

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iv) Autologous blood donor A patient who donates his/her blood to be stored and reinfused , if needed, during surgery. The patient themselves acts as a blood donor. v) Autologous blood donation The process of donating one's own blood prior to an elective surgical or medical procedure to avoid or reduce the need for an allogeneic blood transfusion.

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vi) Apheresis donor A donor who donates only one of their blood components through the process of cell separation. This donor may be either voluntary or replacement donor.

Why : Voluntary Blood Donation:

Why : Voluntary Blood Donation Voluntary blood donors are the cornerstone of a safe and adequate supply of blood and blood products. The safest blood donors are voluntary, non-remunerated blood donors from low-risk populations. Despite this notion, family/replacement donors still provide more than 45% of the blood collected in India. Such donors are supposed to be associated with a significantly higher prevalence of transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) including HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis and malaria,.

Who Are Eligible to Donate Blood:

Who Are Eligible to Donate Blood Any healthy adult, both male and female, can donate blood. Men can donate safely once in every three months while women can donate every four months. Good health of the donor must be fully ensured.

The universally accepted criteria for donor selection are: :

The universally accepted criteria for donor selection are: Age between 18 and 60 years Haemoglobin - not less than 12.5 g/ dL Pulse - between 50 and 100/minute with no irregularities Blood Pressure -Systolic 100-180 mm Hg and Diastolic 50 - 100 mm Hg Temperature - Normal (oral temperature not exceeding 37.50 C) Body weight - not less than 45 Kg

Other Health conditions::

Other Health conditions: 1. Past one year - not been treated for Rabies or received Hepatitis B immune globulin. 2. Past six months - not had a tattoo, ear or skin piercing or acupuncture, not received blood or blood products, no serious illness or major surgery, no contact with a person with hepatitis or yellow jaundice. 3. Past three months - not donated blood or been treated for Malaria. 4. Past one month - had any immunizations. 5. Past 48 hours - taken any antibiotics or any other medications (Allopathic or Ayurveda or Sidha or Homeo ) 6. Past 24 hours - taken alcoholic beverages

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7. Past 72 hours - had dental work or taken Aspirin 8. Present - not suffering from cough, influenza or sore throat, common cold 9. Women should not be pregnant or breast feeding her child . 10. Women donor should not donate during her menstrual cycles 11. Free from Diabetes, not suffering from chest pain, weight loss, fatigue, night sweats, enlarged lymph nodes in armpits, neck or groin, white patches in the mouth etc. 12. Ever had TB, bronchial asthma or allergic disorder, liver disease, kidney disease, fits or fainting, blue or purple spots on the skin or mucous membranes, received human pituitary - growth hormones

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