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Personality Disorders by MARIA SARWAR KINZA AZIZ and AQSA ARSHAD

Clusters:

Cluster A : Odd and Eccentric Paranoid PD Schizoid PD Schizotypal PD Clusters

Paranoid Personality Disorder:

Suspicious like : suspicious of other’s motives They search for hidden meanings in everything Excessively mistrustful Overly sensitive criticism Readily angered They question the sincerity and truthfulness of friends. Few friends and intimate relationships Appear cold and serious Paranoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder:

People with schizoid personality disorder avoid relationships and do not show much emotion They genuinely prefer to be alone and do not secretly wish for popularity. They tend to seek jobs that require little social contact. Their social skills are often weak and they do not show a need for attention or acceptance. Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder:

Social isolation Lacks interest in social isolation Shallow or blunted emotions. Sometimes, experience strong anger, joy or sadness Indifferent to relationships limited social range No apparent need of friends, sex Solitary activities They are perceived as humorless and distant and often are termed "loners." Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder:

Peculiar patterns of thinking and behavior Perceptual and cognitive disturbances Magical thinking Characterized by a need for social isolation, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs such as being convinced of having extra sensory abilities. Some people believe that schizotypal personality disorder is a mild form of schizophrenia. Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional or Erratic :

Antisocial PD Borderline PD Histrionic PD Narcissistic PD Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional or Erratic

Antisocial Personality Disorder:

Violation of the rights of others Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a lack of conscience. Pattern of irresponsibility, impulsivity beginning in childhood or adolescence (e.g., lying, truancy) Adulthood: criminal behavior little anxiety conflicts with others A ntisocial Personality Disorder

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People with this disorder indulged in criminal behavior, believing that their victims are weak and deserving of being taken advantage of. They tend to lie and steal. They are careless with money and take action without thinking about consequences. They are often aggressive and are much more concerned with their own needs than the needs of others.

Psychopathy:

Egocentric Lack of empathy Little remorse Thrill-seeking No “conscience” Poor behavior controls Need for excitement Lack of responsibility Early behavior problems Adult antisocial behavior Psychopathy

Borderline Personality Disorder:

Marked instability of mood, relationships, poor self-image Intense, unstable relationships Uncertainty about sexuality Everything is “good” or “bad” Chronic feeling of “emptiness” Threats of self-harm. Constant mood swings They will take their anger out on themselves, causing themselves injury. Borderline Personality Disorder

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Suicidal threats and actions are not uncommon They are quick to anger when their expectations are not met.

Histrionic Personality Disorder:

Constant attention seekers They need to be the center of attention all the time, often interrupting others in order to dominate the conversation. Excessive emotional displays/ dramatic behavior Attention-seeking, victim stance Seek re-assurance, praise Self- centred Histrionic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder:

Characterized by self-centeredness They exaggerate their achievements, expecting others to recognize them as being superior Grandiose, sense of self-importance Lack of empathy Hyper-sensitive to criticism Exaggerate accomplishments/ abilities Special and unique Narcissistic Personality Disorder

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They tend to be choosy about picking friends, since they believe that not just anyone is worthy of being their friend. They are generally uninterested in the feelings of others and may take advantage of them.

Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful:

Avoidant PD Dependent PD Obsessive-Compulsive PD Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful

Avoidant Personality Disorder:

Over-riding sense of social discomfort Easily hurt by criticism Always need emotional support Extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation. Avoidant Personality Disorder

Dependent Personality Disorder:

Submissive Fear of separation Easily hurt by criticism Characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. Has difficulty making everyday decisions Dependent Personality Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder:

Excessive control and perfectionism Inflexible Judgmental/moralistic Workaholic/ignore family members Often humourless People with OCPD tend to stress perfectionism above all else, and feel anxious when they perceive that things aren't "right". Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Therapies for Personality Disorders:

Therapies for Personality Disorders

Psychodynamic therapy:

Psychodynamic therapy aims to change the person’s understanding of the childhood problems that underlie the PD Psychodynamic therapy

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Behavioral and cognitive therapy focuses on specific symptoms and issues (e.g. social skills)

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Behavioral and cognitive therapy focuses on specific symptoms and issues (e.g. social skills)

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Antianxiety or antidepressant drugs

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