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.*'¨¯¨'*·•°·._.• Presented by•._.·°•*'¨¯¨'*·:

.*'¨¯¨'*·•°·._.• Presented by•._.·°•*'¨¯¨'*· Shazil Mahmood Reg # 1421-311056 Sajjad Ahmed Reg# 1421-31105 Hussain Ahmed Reg# 1421-311076 Nouman Hassan Reg# 1421-311072 Javeria Fateh Reg#1411-311032

Chapter # 5:

Chapter # 5 Designing a local area network

Local Area Network (LAN):

Local Area Network (LAN) A local area network (LAN) supplies networking capability to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building, a school, or a home.

Single Server Network:

Single Server Network A computer network in which one centralized, powerful computer (called the server ) is a hub to which many less powerful personal computers or workstations (called clients ) are connected.

Advantages of single server:

Advantages of single server Centralized files service Network printing Login security Easy installation Backup Support Management

Disadvantages Of Single Server Network :

Disadvantages Of Single Server Network Can have a single point of failure. Server can get overloaded. Generally more expensive and difficult to set up initially.

Peer 2 peer Network:

Peer 2 peer Network A local area network in which network resources are shared among workstations, without a file server. It is a communication model in which each party has the same capabilities and either party can initiate a communication session.

Advantages Of Peer-To-Peer Network:

Advantages Of Peer-To-Peer Network File sharing Printer sharing E mail Tight budgets Easy installation

Disadvantages of peer to peer network:

Disadvantages of peer to peer network Security Backup Organizing of data simple administration Internet/ WAN access

MultiServer Network:

MultiServer Network In larger networks (50 to 250 users) we have multiple servers on different geographical locations according to the size of the network.

Advantages of Multiserver Network:

Advantages of Multiserver Network Centralized file services Network printing Workflow and groupware Login security Internet/WAN access

Disadvantages of Multiserver Network:

Disadvantages of Multiserver Network Tight budgets Easy installation Organizing data Simple administration

Multiserver High-Speed Backbone Network:

Multiserver High-Speed Backbone Network This server is applicable when we have 250 to 1000 clients. These clients spread over a large area. So we require both distribute network and a lot of servers. Network of this size will be connected with high speed backbone that runs between servers.

Advantages of Multiserver High-Speed Backbone Network :

Advantages of Multiserver High-Speed Backbone Network Centralized file services Network printing Workflow and groupware Login security

Disadvantages of Multiserver High-Speed Backbone Network:

Disadvantages of Multiserver High-Speed Backbone Network Tight budgets Easy installation Organization data speed

Enterprise Network:

Enterprise Network For 1000+ users we have enterprise network. In this network we break down the network into multiple connected networks and split along some natural boundary.

Advantages of Enterprise Network:

Advantages of Enterprise Network Network printing Workflow and groupware Login security Client server database

Disadvantages of Enterprise Network:

Disadvantages of Enterprise Network Tight budgets Easy installation Centralized file service Organizing data speed

What software are you using?:

What software are you using? Software and files are the data that flows over a network, so knowing what type of software is in use will give you a good estimate of how much data per client will travels the network.

Word processor and spreadsheets:

Word processor and spreadsheets Word processor and spreadsheets programs generate very little in terms of network traffic because they are typically loaded once, their data is edit for sometimes, and then the programs and data are saved.

Graphics and CAD(Computer Aided Design):

Graphics and CAD(Computer Aided Design) Graphics and CAD applications tend to place a heavier load on the network than spreadsheet and word processor documents. This is because they are larger and take longer load, which can slow performance of the network for other users. They slow the network when they are loading, but they don’t cause a continuous load on the network.

Database software:

Database software We made very little number of changes in the database and these databases are uploaded to the file server and very little information is stored in the client computers. So database do not make load on the network until a large number of users is working on the network.

What software you will use?:

What software you will use? E-mail Internet services Groupware Video teleconferencing


E-mail E-mail replaces the inter office memo with a faster, more reliable, and less expensive form of written communication. It is ver easy to use and it offers an immediacy which is not available with postal mail.

Internet services:

Internet services The global internet is a simply a vast computer network. Many businesses, schools, and govt agencies have banded together to connect their proprietary internal network using a common set of protocols. Internet services extends many of the benefits of internal networking to include the entire networked world.

Groupware :

Groupware In groupware information is passed around the working teams automatically. It is an extension of simple file and e-mail service that provides an extra layer to an organization and process control to organizational data. It is designed to get information where it is needed in a timely manner inside an organization, without relying on people to forward it.

Video Teleconferencing :

Video Teleconferencing Digital cameras are becoming more affordable and available. Users can transmit and receive real time video between any to computers connected on a high speed network.

Network technologies :

Network technologies Ethernet The number of computers connected together to form a local area network . An Ethernet LAN typically uses coaxial cable or special grades of twisted pair wires. Ethernet is also used in wireless LANs. The most commonly installed Ethernet systems are called 10BASE-T and provide transmission speeds up to 10 Mbps.

Network technologies :

Network technologies Fast Ethernet Fast Ethernet or 100BASE-T provides transmission speeds up to 100 megabits per second and is typically used for LAN backbone systems, supporting workstations with 10BASE-T cards.

Network technologies :

Network technologies Token ring Token ring local area network (LAN) technology is a local area network protocol which resides at the data link layer (DLL) of the OSI model. It uses a special three-byte frame called a token that travels around the ring. Token-possession grants the possessor permission to transmit on the medium. Token ring frames travel completely around the loop.

Network technologies :

Network technologies Fiber channel Fiber Channel, or FC, is a gigabit-speed network technology. It is very expensive and operates at very speed & in very large networks.

Network technologies :

Network technologies ATM ATM is being used with much success as a high speed backbone. ATM provide direct connection between private networks and public telephone networks for very high speed success to the internet.

Physical cables:

Physical cables There are different types of physical cables that are used to connect the computers together. In next coming slides we will study the different types of physical cables.

Shielded twisted pair cable :

Shielded twisted pair cable

Unshielded twisted pair cable:

Unshielded twisted pair cable



Fiber :


Wireless Radio:

Wireless Radio Wireless radio network refers to any type of computer network that is not connected by cables of any kind.  It is a method by which homes, telecommunications networks and enterprise (business) installations avoid the costly process of introducing cables into a building

Wireless infrared:

Wireless infrared Infrared technology allows computing devices to communicate via short-range wireless signals. With infrared, computers can transfer files and other digital data bidirectional. The infrared transmission technology used in computers is similar to that used in consumer product remote control units.



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