india water policy

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NATIONAL WATER POLICY ( AN OVERVIEW ) : 

NATIONAL WATER POLICY ( AN OVERVIEW ) presented by… S.SIVALINGAM ASST. EXECUTIVE ENGINEER, PWD, WRO COIMBATORE, T.N., INDIA W E L C O M E

WATER … : 

WATER … Water is the elixir of life ! The most precious gift of nature ! Human body possesses 70 % of water ! Average man needs 1.4 kg food, 2.25 kg air and about 100 litres of water daily to survive ! One tonne of food grain require 1000 tonne of water to grow ! One tonne of rice require 2000 tonnes of water to grow !

PRICIPLES UNDEPINNING WATER DEMOCRACY : 

PRICIPLES UNDEPINNING WATER DEMOCRACY Water is nature’s gift Water is essential to life Life is interconnected through water Water must be free for sustenance needs Water is limited and can be exhausted Water must be conserved Water is a commons No one holds a right to destroy Water cannot be substituted --- right to water is a human right !

EARTH PLANET - Water Scenario : 

EARTH PLANET - Water Scenario TOTAL WATER : 1.41 b km3 SEA WATER : 97 % FRESH WATER ICE & GLAZIER : 2.5 % UTILIZABLE : 0.5 %

INDIAN SCENERIO … : 

INDIAN SCENERIO … Indian territory : 328 million hectare 2.4 % of total earth’s land area 17 % of world’s population 18 % of world’s cattle population 4 % of world’s water sources

PER CAPITA AVAILABILITY : 

PER CAPITA AVAILABILITY

WATER CRISIS : 

WATER CRISIS WATER IS THE BIGGEST CRISIS FACING INDIA IN TERMS OF SPREAD AND SEVERITY INDIA’S FOOD SECURITY IS UNDER RISK 150 MILLION WOMEN DAYS AND RS.10 BILLION LOSS EVERY YEAR IN FETCHING WATER

WATER CRISIS : 

WATER CRISIS INDIA RANKS 120 IN A LIST OF 122 COUNTRIES RANKED FOR THEIR WATER QUALITY 133 IN A LIST OF 180 COUNTRIES IN TERMS OF WATER AVAILABILITY

TAMILNADU – an overview : 

TAMILNADU – an overview Population > 60 million Urbanization : 55 % Total water potential : 46,540 mcm Per capita availability : 500 - 1000 m3 / person per annum

TAMILNADU – an overview : 

TAMILNADU – an overview Severe water scarcity and drought in many places Disputes with neighboring States in water allocation Major problems in obtaining water supply to Chennai city Dramatic reduction on ground water tables Reduction in storage capacity of tanks Growing conflicts between water using groups Pollution threats

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? : 

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? A result of natural factors Inadequate water resources management Increased pollution of surface & ground water Environmental degradation Population explosion Over exploitation of ground water

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? ….. : 

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? ….. Inadequate efforts directed at water conservation, water use efficiency, ground water recharge & eco-system sustainability

Water, really a crisis in India ? : 

Water, really a crisis in India ? A man made problem ! When Israel with an average rainfall of 300 mm can manage, then why can’t India with annual rainfall of 950 mm to 1150 mm ? - Dr. R. K. Sivanappan

Is a crisis inevitable ? : 

Is a crisis inevitable ?

CRISIS MANAGEMENT : 

CRISIS MANAGEMENT “ What is needed along with fresh water, is fresh thinking ” - Mr. Kofi Annan former secretary general, UN

FUTURE CHALLENGES : 

FUTURE CHALLENGES AVAILABILITY ACCESSABILITY SUSTAINABILITY

UNIQUE CHALLENGES RELATED TO WATER ARENA IN INDIA : 

UNIQUE CHALLENGES RELATED TO WATER ARENA IN INDIA Concentrated water needs due to rapid urbanization Water pollution Food security Electric power Droughts Floods

Water Resources Management in India … : 

Water Resources Management in India … National Water Policy and its implementation STRATEGY FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT

Need for a National Water Policy : 

Need for a National Water Policy Water is a prime natural resource, a basic human need and a precious national asset. Planning, development and management of water resources need to be governed by national perspectives.

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… : 

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… INFORMATION SYSTEM WATER RESOURCES PLANNING INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM WATER ALLOCATION PRIORITIES PROJECT PLANNING

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… : 

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… GROUND WATER DEVELOPMENT DRINKING WATER IRRIGATION RESETTLEMENT & REHABILITATION FINANCIAL & PHYSICAL SUSTAINABILITY

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… : 

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… PARTICIPATORY APPROACH TO WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION WATER QUALITY WATER ZONING CONSERVATION OF WATER

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… : 

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… FLOOD CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT LAND EROSION BY SEA OR RIVER DROUGHT-PRONE AREA DEVELOPMENT MONITORING OF PROJECTS WETER SHARING/ DISTRIBUTION AMONGST THE STATES

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… : 

NATIONAL WATER POLICY PRIME FOCUS ON… PRRFORMACE IMPROVEMENT MAINTAINACE AND MODERNISATION SAFETY OF STRUCTURES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TRAINING

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Water, to be planned, developed, conserved and managed on an integrated and environmentally sound manner

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Planning and implementation of water resources projects

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Drinking water – a primary consideration

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Optimal use of water resources

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Quality management in surface and ground water

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Improving water use efficiency

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 R&D, new technology, new management techniques

National Water Policy 2002 : 

National Water Policy 2002 Scientific public awareness

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Conservation of nature as a guarantee for future water

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Vibrant, revived and recharged water bodies

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Assured, equitable and sustainable water for all

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Successful community managed water supply

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Safe disposal of solid & liquid waste for clean and healthy environment

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Cost effective technology for sustainable management

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION : 

TAMILNADU’S WATER MISSION Formation of common water regulatory authority for judicious use of water for all sectors

AUTOMATION IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT : 

AUTOMATION IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DRINKING WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS IRRIGATION PROJECTS INDUSTRIAL WATER SUPPLY PROJECTS DESALINATION PLANTS …and MANY MORE..

CANAL AUTOMATION .. a proven method of cost-effective solutions to improve canal operations and conserve water ! : 

CANAL AUTOMATION .. a proven method of cost-effective solutions to improve canal operations and conserve water !

Water Resources Management in India …. : 

Water Resources Management in India …. Long term measures # Linking of rivers # Cloud seeding # Desalination

OUR WATER MISSION : 

OUR WATER MISSION To develop, conserve, manage and protect the precious water resources of our country in an Environmentally and Economically Sound manner in the interest of the Indian Citizens !

“ A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history ” Mahatma Gandhi : 

“ A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history ” Mahatma Gandhi

Let us all join together and solve our water problem in the coming years in order to make the development of our India sustainable ! : 

Let us all join together and solve our water problem in the coming years in order to make the development of our India sustainable !

INDIAN WATER VISION : 

INDIAN WATER VISION Definitely in the year 2020 … Somewhere in this Planet Earth … The entire World will raise up … And applaud India… For the efficient management Of its precious water resources … And leading a peaceful & prosperous life ! JAI HIND !!

Slide 48: 

THANK YOU !