logging in or signing up water crisis...a wake up call raywanthsiva Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1372 Category: Others/ Misc License: All Rights Reserved Like it (2) Dislike it (0) Added: July 20, 2010 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript W A T E R C R I S I S - a call for India ! : W A T E R C R I S I S - a call for India ! presented by… Er. S. SIVALINGAM ASST. EXECUTIVE ENGINEER PWD, WRO COIMBATORE, T.N., INDIA WATER … : WATER … Water is the elixir of life ! The most precious gift of nature ! Human body possesses 70 % of water ! Average man needs 1.4 kg food, 2.25 kg air and about 100 litres of water daily to survive ! One tonne of food grain require 1000 tonne of water to grow ! One tonne of rice require 2000 tonnes of water to grow ! PRINCIPLES UNDEPINNING WATER DEMOCRACY : PRINCIPLES UNDEPINNING WATER DEMOCRACY Water is nature’s gift Water is essential to life Life is interconnected through water Water must be free for sustenance needs Water is limited and can be exhausted Water must be conserved Water is a commons No one holds a right to destroy Water cannot be substituted --- right to water is a human right ! Is water a commodity ? : Is water a commodity ? Yes ( in economic uses, such as commercial, irrigation, industry, etc…) ** No ( as a means of life support, such as drinking, bathing, washing, cooking, etc… ) Clean Water is the Gift of Life!! : Clean Water is the Gift of Life!! Water ... worth more than gold and necessary for survival above all other resources on earth. Water... can feed the hungry ! : Water... can feed the hungry ! Worldwide hunger problems are really water problems Water ... can prevent disease ! : Water ... can prevent disease ! Water is the lifeblood of a community. When water is unsafe to drink, the entire community suffers. Daily, tens of thousands of men, women and children die from diseases directly related to drinking polluted water. EARTH PLANET - Water Scenario : EARTH PLANET - Water Scenario TOTAL WATER : 1.41 b km3 SEA WATER : 97 % FRESH WATER ICE & GLAZIER : 2.5 % UTILIZABLE : 0.5 % INDIAN SCENERIO … : INDIAN SCENERIO … Indian territory : 328 million hectare 2.4 % of total earth’s land area 17 % of world’s population 18 % of world’s cattle population 4 % of world’s water sources INDIAN SCENERIO … : INDIAN SCENERIO … Food grains - per annum ( million MT ) During 1947 : 51 2010 : 210 2050 : 450 PER CAPITA AVAILABILITY : PER CAPITA AVAILABILITY WATER CRISIS : WATER CRISIS Water is the biggest crisis facing India in terms of spread and severity India’s food security is under risk 150 million women days and Rs.10 billion loss every year in fetching water WATER CRISIS : WATER CRISIS India ranks 120 in a list of 122 countries ranked for their water quality 133 in a list of 180 countries in terms of water availability WATER CRISIS - A WOMEN’S CRISIS ! : WATER CRISIS - A WOMEN’S CRISIS ! TAMILNADU – an overview : TAMILNADU – an overview Population > 62 million Urbanization : 55 % Total water potential : 46,540 mcm Per capita availability : 500 - 1000 m3 / person per annum TAMILNADU – an overview : TAMILNADU – an overview Severe water scarcity and drought in many places Disputes with neighboring States in water allocation Major problems in obtaining water supply to Chennai and other Cities Dramatic reduction on ground water tables Reduction in storage capacity of Tanks Growing conflicts between water using groups Pollution threats WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? : WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? A result of natural factors Inadequate water resources management Increased pollution of surface & ground water Environmental degradation Population explosion Over exploitation of ground water WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? ….. : WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CRISIS ? ….. Inadequate efforts directed at water conservation, water use efficiency, ground water recharge & eco-system sustainability Water, really a crisis in India ? : Water, really a crisis in India ? A man made problem ! When Israel with an average rainfall of 300 mm can manage, then why can’t India with annual rainfall of 950 mm to 1150 mm ? - Dr. R. K. Sivanappan Is a crisis inevitable ? : Is a crisis inevitable ? CRISIS MANAGEMENT : CRISIS MANAGEMENT “ What is needed along with fresh water, is fresh thinking ” - Mr. Kofi Annan former Secretary General, UN WHY CONSERVE WATER ? : WHY CONSERVE WATER ? FUTURE CHALLENGES : FUTURE CHALLENGES AVAILABILITY ACCESSABILITY SUSTAINABILITY Water Resources Management in India … : Water Resources Management in India … National Water Policy and its implementation Strategy for future development and management National Water Policy 2002 : National Water Policy 2002 Water, to be planned, developed, conserved and managed on an integrated and environmentally sound manner Planning and implementation of water resources projects Drinking water – a primary consideration Quality management in surface and ground water Improving water use efficiency TAMILNADU’S DREAM & VISION : TAMILNADU’S DREAM & VISION Conservation of nature as a guarantee for future water Vibrant, revived and recharged water bodies Assured, equitable and sustainable water for all Successful community managed water supply Safe disposal of solid & liquid waste for clean and healthy environment Cost effective technology for sustainable management Formation of common water regulatory authority for judicious use of water for all sectors AUTOMATION IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT : AUTOMATION IN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Drinking water supply projects Irrigation projects Industrial water supply projects Desalination plants …And MANY MORE.. CANAL AUTOMATION .. a proven method of cost-effective solutions to improve canal operations and conserve water ! : CANAL AUTOMATION .. a proven method of cost-effective solutions to improve canal operations and conserve water ! Water Resources Management in India …. : Water Resources Management in India …. Long term measures # Linking of rivers # Cloud seeding # Desalination What really we can contribute ? : What really we can contribute ? Creating awareness on… water resources and its conservation & management Afforestation activities Rain water harvesting Environmental information & education Prevention & control of water pollution Recycle of waste water Participatory natural resources management What really we can contribute ?.... : What really we can contribute ?.... Nodal agency between Government & Water Users Support to NGOs involved in water sectors Setting up information kiosks Setting up small eco-parks … and many more ! OUR WATER MISSION : OUR WATER MISSION To develop, conserve, manage and protect the precious water resources of our country in an Environmentally and Economically Sound manner in the interest of the Indian Citizens ! CRISIS MANAGEMENTTHROUGHCHANGE MANAGEMENT : CRISIS MANAGEMENTTHROUGHCHANGE MANAGEMENT Center of Excellence for Change ( CEC ) “ Mitigating the Impact of Climate Change on Water and Food ” www.waterandclimatefuture.com “ A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history ” Mahatma Gandhi : “ A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history ” Mahatma Gandhi Let us all join together and solve our water problem in the coming years in order to make the development of our India sustainable ! : Let us all join together and solve our water problem in the coming years in order to make the development of our India sustainable ! INDIAN WATER VISION : INDIAN WATER VISION Definitely in the year 2020 … Somewhere in this Planet Earth … The entire World will raise up … And applaud India… For the efficient management Of its precious water resources … And leading a peaceful & prosperous life ! JAI HIND !! Slide 38: THANK YOU ! You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.