world terrorism

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World : 

Made by- Kachwala Sakina Saad Qureshi Ravindra Jaiswal Ankita pusalkar Atika Siddique Zen Kokni World

What is Terrorism ? : 

The word Terrorism refers to violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror), are perpetrated for a religious, political or ideological goal, deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (civilians), and are committed by non-government agencies. Terrorism does not follow any religion. What is Terrorism ?

What is Terrorism ? : 

It also include acts of unlawful violence and war. The history of terrorist organizations suggests that they do not select terrorism for its political effectiveness Individual terrorists tend to be motivated more by a desire for social solidarity with other members of their organization than by political platforms or strategic objectives, which are often murky and undefined. What is Terrorism ?

What is Terrorism ? : 

The concept of terrorism may itself be controversial as it is often used by state authorities to delegitimize political or other opponents, and potentially legitimize the state's own use of armed force against opponents (such use of force may itself be described as "terror" by opponents of the state). What is Terrorism ?

Origin Of Term : 

Origin Of Term

Origin Of Term : 

"Terror" comes from the Latin verb ‘terrere’ meaning "to frighten". The “terror cimbricus” was a panic and state of emergency in Rome in response to the approach of warriors of the ‘Cimbri’ tribe in 105 BC. The ‘Jacobins’ cited this precedent when imposing a ‘Reign of Terror’ during the French Revolution. After the Jacobins lost power, the word "terrorist" became a term of abuse. Origin Of Term

Origin Of Term : 

Although the Reign of Terror was imposed by a government, in modern times "terrorism" usually refers to the killing of innocent people by a private group in such a way as to create a media spectacle. In November 2004, a ‘United Nations Secretary General’ report described terrorism as any act "intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or non-combatants with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act". Origin Of Term

Origin Of Term : 

Origin Of Term During the 1970s and 1980s, the United Nations attempts to define the term floundered mainly due to differences of opinion between various members about the use of violence in the context of conflicts over national liberation and self-determination.“ Since 1994, the United Nations General Assembly has define as "Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them."

Pejorative Use : 

Pejorative Use

Pejorative Use : 

The terms "terrorism" and "terrorist" (someone who engages in terrorism) carry strong negative connotations. These terms are often used as political labels, to condemn violence or the threat of violence by certain actors as immoral, indiscriminate, unjustified or to condemn an entire segment of a population. Those labeled "terrorists" by their opponents rarely identify themselves as such, and typically use other terms or terms specific to their situation, such as separatist, freedom fighter, liberator, revolutionary, vigilante, militant, paramilitary, guerrilla, rebel, patriot, or any similar-meaning word in other languages and cultures. Example-Jihadi, Mujaheddin, Fedayeen Pejorative Use

Pejorative Use : 

On the question of whether particular terrorist acts, such as killing civilians, can be justified as the lesser evil in a particular circumstance, philosophers have expressed different views. According to David Rodin, utilitarian philosophers can (in theory) conceive of cases in which the evil of terrorism is outweighed by the good which could not be achieved in a less morally costly way, in practice the "harmful effects of undermining the convention of non-combatant immunity is thought to outweigh the goods that may be achieved by particular acts of terrorism" Pejorative Use

Pejorative Use : 

In his book Inside Terrorism Bruce Hoffman explained of the term terrorism becomes distorted: “On one point, at least, everyone agrees: terrorism is a pejorative term. It is a word with intrinsically negative connotations that is generally applied to one's enemies and opponents, or to those with whom one disagrees and would otherwise prefer to ignore. 'What is called terrorism. Pejorative Use

Types of Terrorism : 

Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism : 

In early 1975, the Law Enforcement Assistant Administration in the United States formed the National Advisory Committee on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals divided terrorism into six categories. Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism : 

Civil disorder – A form of collective violence interfering with the peace, security, and normal functioning of the community. Political terrorism – Violent criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or substantial segment of it, for political purposes. Non-Political terrorism – Terrorism that is not aimed at political purposes but which exhibits “conscious design to create and maintain a high degree of fear for coercive purposes, but the end is individual or collective gain rather than the achievement of a political objective.” Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism : 

Quasi-terrorism – The activities incidental to the commission of crimes of violence that are similar in form and method to genuine terrorism but which nevertheless lack its essential ingredient. It is not the main purpose of the quasi-terrorists to induce terror in the immediate victim as in the case of genuine terrorism, but the quasi-terrorist uses the modalities and techniques of the genuine terrorist and produces similar consequences and reaction. For example, the fleeing felon who takes hostages is a quasi-terrorist, whose methods are similar to those of the genuine terrorist but whose purposes are quite different. Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism : 

Limited political terrorism – Genuine political terrorism is characterized by a revolutionary approach; limited political terrorism refers to “acts of terrorism which are committed for ideological or political motives but which are not part of a concerted campaign to capture control of the state. Official or state terrorism –"referring to nations whose rule is based upon fear and oppression that reach similar to terrorism or such proportions.” It may also be referred to as Structural Terrorism defined broadly as terrorist acts carried out by governments in pursuit of political objectives, often as part of their foreign policy. Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism : 

Some other types of terrorism are : Democracy & Domestic terrorism-The relationship between domestic terrorism and democracy is very complex. Terrorism is most common in nations with intermediate political freedom, and is least common in the most democratic nations. A democratic nation espousing civil liberties may claim a sense of higher moral ground than other regimes, an act of terrorism within such a state may cause a dilemma: whether to maintain its civil liberties and thus risk being perceived as ineffective in dealing with the problem; or alternatively to restrict its civil liberties and thus risk delegitimizing its claim of supporting civil liberties. Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism : 

Religious Terrorism-Religious terrorism is terrorism performed by groups or individuals, the motivation of which is typically rooted in faith-based tenets. Terrorist acts throughout the centuries have been performed on religious grounds with the hope to either spread or enforce a system of belief, viewpoint or opinion. Perpetrators-The perpetrators of acts of terrorism can be individuals, groups, or states. They become terrorist because of certain injustice done to them Types of Terrorism

Some list of terrorist organisation : 

Some list of terrorist organisation

Some list of terrorist organisation : 

Some list of terrorist organisation Abu Nidal Organization – Canada, UK, EU, US. Abu Sayyaf Group – Australia, Canada, UK, US. Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade – Canada, EU, US. Al-Qa'ida – Australia, Canada, EU, UK, US, India, Russia. Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb – Australia, Canada, US, Russia.

Some list of terrorist organisation : 

Ansar al-Islam – Australia, US, UK. Armed Islamic Group – Australia, Canada, UK, US. Asbat al-Ansar – Australia, Canada, UK, US, Russia. Aum Shinrikyo – Canada, EU,US. Babbar Khalsa – Canada, EU, UK, India. Some list of terrorist organisation

Some list of terrorist organisation : 

Egyptian Islamic Jihad – Australia, Canada, UK, US, Russia. Euskadi ta Askatasuna – Canada, EU, UK, US. Harakat ul-Mujahidin – Canada, UK, US, India. Jemaah Islamiya – Australia, Canada, UK, Us, Russia. Lashkar-e-Toiba – Australia, Canada, EU, UK, US, India, Russia. Some list of terrorist organisation

State Sponsored Terrorism : 

State Sponsored Terrorism

State Sponsored Terrorism : 

State-sponsored terrorism is a term used to describe terrorism sponsored by nation-states. Afghanistan France India Iran State Sponsored Terrorism

State Sponsored Terrorism : 

Republic of Ireland Libya Morocco Pakistan Soviet Union United Kingdom State Sponsored Terrorism

Methods of attacks : 

Methods of attacks

Methods of attacks : 

Methods of attacks Terrorists act according to different motivations and goals, all such groups have one tactic in common: intimidation or coercion of the public or the government in order to effect social or political change.

Methods of attacks : 

Training- There are and have been training camps for terrorists. The range of training depends greatly on the level of support the terrorist organization receives from various organizations and states. Preparation- Preparation of a major attack may take years, whereas a simpler attack, depending on the availability of arms, resources and more it may be almost spontaneous Cover- The population, which may be ethnically distinct from the counter-terrorist forces, is either sympathetic to their cause, indifferent, or acts under duress. Methods of attacks

Methods of attacks : 

Funding- Funding can be raised in both legal and illegal ways. Some of the most common ways to raise funds are through front groups, charitable organizations, or NGOs, kidnapping, drug trafficking, or robbery. Communication-E-mails, fax transmissions, websites, cell phones, and satellite telephones have made it possible for organizations to contemplate a global strategy. Methods of attacks

Methods of attacks : 

Responses- Specific types of responses include: Targeted laws, criminal procedures, deportations, and enhanced police powers Target hardening, such as locking doors or adding traffic barriers Preemptive or reactive military action Increased intelligence and surveillance activities Preemptive humanitarian activities More permissive interrogation and detention policies Mass media-Media exposure may be a primary goal of those carrying out terrorism, to expose issues that would otherwise be ignored by the media. Methods of attacks

Most wanted terrorist : 

Most wanted terrorist

Most wanted terrorist : 

On October 10, 2001, President Bush announced the "most wanted" list of suspected terrorists. Abdul Rahman Yasin, United States. Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, Kuwait Ahmed Ibrahim Al-Mughassil, Saudi Arabia Fazul Abdullah Mohammed, Comoros Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam, Kenya Most wanted terrorist

Most wanted terrorist : 

Ali Saed Bin Ali El-Houri, Saudi Arabia Ibrahim Salih Mohammed Al-Yacoub, Saudi Arabia Abdelkarim Hussein Mohamed Al-Nasser, Saudi Arabia Osama bin Laden, Saudi Arabia Muhammad Atef, Egypt Ayman Al-Zawahiri, Egypt Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil, Egypt Most wanted terrorist

Most wanted terrorist : 

Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani, Tanzania Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan, Kenya Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah, Egypt Anas Al-Liby, Libya Saif Al-Adel, Egypt Ahmed Mohammed Hamed Ali, Egypt Mushin Musa Matwalli Atwah, Egypt Most wanted terrorist

Some terrorist attack in the world : 

Some terrorist attack in the world

Serial blasts halt Mumbai's Western Railway : 

The seven bomb blasts that ripped through the seven suburban trains at various stations during the peak hour on Tuesday evening is as follows: Khar -- 1824 hrs Bandra  -- 1824 hrs Jogeshwari  -- 1825 hrs Mahim  -- 1826 hrs Mira Road  -- 1829 hrs Matunga  -- 1830 hrs Borivali  -- 1835 hrs 174 passengers have been killed and more than 300 injured. PTI reports that the blasts took place in a span of 30 minutes in first class compartments of suburban trains. Serial blasts halt Mumbai's Western Railway

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