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clutch is a mechanism for transmitting rotation, which can be engaged and disengaged. Clutches are useful in devices that have two rotating shafts. In these devices, one shaft is typically driven by a motor or pulley, and the other shaft drives another device. In a drill , for instance, one shaft is driven by a motor, and the other drives a drill chuck. The clutch connects the two shafts so that they can either be locked together and spin at the same speed (engaged), or be decoupled and spin at different speeds (disengaged).

Common clutch-related components are:

Common clutch-related components are : Flywheel – mounts to the engine crankshaft Clutch Disk – the friction material assembly that provides easy engagement and firm torque transference Pressure Plate – also known as “Clutch Cover” – this is the spring-loaded surface that locks the clutch Throw-out Bearing – also known as “Release Bearing” Pilot bearing –centers and supports the transmission input shaft (many cars do not have this bearing) Clutch Cable – mechanical release mechanism for some vehicles Clutch Master Cylinder – force-multiplying cylinder for vehicles with hydraulic release mechanisms Clutch Slave Cylinder – used along with a Master Cylinder for hydraulic release mechanisms Misc. hoses, lines, brackets, linkages, etc. – varies from vehicle to vehicle The flywheel is a large steel or aluminum disc. It acts as a balance weight for the engine, dampening engine vibrations caused by the firing of each cylinder and provides a surface that the clutch can contact. The flywheel also has teeth around its circumference for the starter motor to engage and crank the engine. The clutch disc is a steel plate, covered with a frictional material that is sandwiched between the flywheel and the pressure plate. The center of the disc is the hub, which fits the spines of the transmission input shaft. When the clutch is engaged, the disc is "squeezed" between the flywheel and pressure plate, and power from the engine is transmitted by the disc's hub to the input shaft of the transmission. A pressure plate is a metal spring-loaded friction surface that is bolted to the flywheel. It has a metal cover, heavy release springs, a metal pressure surface, and a thrust ring or fingers for the release bearing. The thrust ring or fingers release the clamping force of the springs when the clutch is disengaged. When the clutch pedal is depressed, the "Throw-out bearing" pushes the pressure plate's release fingers. The pressure plate pulls away from the clutch disc, disengaging the clutch, thus interrupting Clutches

Multiple plate friction clutch :

Multiple plate friction clutch This type of clutch has several driving members interleaved with several driven members. It is used in motorcycles , automatic transmissions and in some diesel locomotives with mechanical transmission. It is also used in some electronically controlled all-wheel drive systems. It is the most common type of clutch on modern types of vehicles.

Vehicular :

Vehicular There are different designs of vehicle clutch, but most are based on one or more friction discs, pressed tightly together or against a flywheel using springs . The friction material varies in composition depending on whether the clutch is dry or wet, and on other considerations. Friction discs once contained asbestos , but this has been largely eliminated. Clutches found in heavy duty applications such as trucks and competition cars use ceramic clutches that have a greatly increased friction coefficient. However, these have a "grabby" action and are unsuitable for road cars. The spring pressure is released when the clutch pedal is depressed thus either pushing or pulling the diaphragm of the pressure plate, depending on type, and the friction plate is released and allowed to rotate freely.

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When engaging the clutch, the engine speed may need to be increased from idle, using the manual throttle , so that the engine does not stall (although in some cars, especially diesels, there is enough torque at idling speed that the car can move; this requires fine control of the

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