Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective : Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective GoI – UNDP, DRM Programme Slide 2: Disasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorial Some recent disasters….. : Some recent disasters….. Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005
Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coast - 2004
Gujarat Earthquake - 2001
Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal
Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc…..
Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabwali
Terrorist attack: Chechnya And the list goes on and on…………… Disasters occur in varied formsSome are predictable in advanceSome are annual or seasonal Some are sudden and unpredictable Floods Days and weeks Earthquakes Seconds/minutes Cyclones Days Droughts Months : Disasters occur in varied formsSome are predictable in advanceSome are annual or seasonal Some are sudden and unpredictable Floods Days and weeks Earthquakes Seconds/minutes Cyclones Days Droughts Months Slide 5: Why is Disaster Management Important to Us? Slide 6: 57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes
12% to Floods
8% to Cyclones
70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought
85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards
22 states are prone to multi hazards.
WHY? And WHAT about Man made Disasters? Slide 11: Am I safe in my school? Tenth Five Year Plan emphasizes on: : Tenth Five Year Plan emphasizes on: Planning for safer national development
Disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures
Training and education at all levels 4 Major areas of concern are: : 4 Major areas of concern are: Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum
Disaster management, awareness and preparedness in schools.
Safety of school from natural hazards – structural and non structural.
Preparation of the Disaster Management Plans at school level What is a safe school? : What is a safe school? A safe school is either a school which is located in a hazard free area, or one that has been constructed to withstand the hazard to which it is exposed.
A safe school will not collapse or get affected if a disaster happens. Government of India initiatives:1) Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum : Government of India initiatives:1) Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum The process was initiated with a set of recommendations to be put in place by the state govt. from Home Secretary to the Chief Secretaries of the states- one of them being DM in EDUCATION.
Introduction of DM in Class VIII, IX and X as part of the frontline curriculum by CBSE.
Many of the state Boards have already introduced DM in school syllabi. Syllabus : Syllabus Class VIII
Being prepared – a vital part of disaster management
Manmade Disasters Class IX : Class IX Being a disaster manager – Understanding key terms.
Components of disaster management
Introduction to disaster risk management – Understanding disaster mitigation.
Specific hazards and mitigation.
Earthquake, landslide, food, cyclone and drought
Preventing common manmade disasters
Fire, rail and road accidents, terrorist attacks Class X : Class X Introduction
Tsunami - the killer sea wave
Alternative communication systems….during disasters.
Safe constructional practices
Planning Ahead Class XI – (Sociology and Geography) Sociology : Class XI – (Sociology and Geography) Sociology Introduction
Child rights and emergencies
Gender and Disaster Management
Role of Community in disaster Management
Role of Local Level institutions in Disaster Management Class XI - Geography : Class XI - Geography Introduction to concepts
Landslide 2) Disaster management - awareness and preparedness in schools. : 2) Disaster management - awareness and preparedness in schools. Teachers training programme
33 teachers’ trained so far by CBSE
Training of teachers by the States. Disaster Management NOT a subject but…………..
A NECESSARY LIFE SKILL School safety weeks and months observed : School safety weeks and months observed Training on Self Defence by Civil Defence in NP Girls Senior Secondary School. Training on fire safety : Training on fire safety Development of coloring book for the primary section : Development of coloring book for the primary section 3) Preparation of School DM plans : 3) Preparation of School DM plans Schools to prepare DM plans based on the hazard that they are vulnerable to.
More than 500 plans have been prepared Steps for preparation of DM Plans : Steps for preparation of DM Plans Sensitisation meeting for awareness Teachers, School Management and students.
Formation of School Disaster Management Committee School principal
Sub Divisional Magistrate of the area
DEO (District Education Officer)
President of Parents Teachers Association
Local Medical Officer
Market trader association
Members of Civil Society (NCC,NSS, Red Cross, Scouts and Guides)
4 Students Steps for preparation of DM Plans (cont…) : Steps for preparation of DM Plans (cont…) 3. Hazard identification
History of disasters
Identification of potential hazard
Preparation of seasonality calendar
4. Inventory of resources
Vulnerability / Risk Mapping
Safe and Opportunity Mapping Social Mapping - Schools : Class rooms in the school building
Library Social Mapping - Schools Resource Map - Schools : Human resources
Drinking water sources
Health Centre in the school Resource Map - Schools Vulnerability/ Risk Map - School : Children in pre- school and primary section
Identification of potentially vulnerable areas in the school Vulnerability/ Risk Map - School Safe and Alternate route Mapping : Identification of safe places in the school
Alternative staircases/ routes to be identified Safe and Alternate route Mapping 6. School DM Team : 6. School DM Team Early Warning Team
Student (3 nos. most communicative)
Activity/ Event Organising Team
Disaster management teacher
Art and Craft teacher Music teacher
Prefects/ active students School DM Team: : School DM Team: Search and Rescue
Prefect (students 2nos)
All class teachers School DM Team…….. : School DM Team…….. First Aid team
Resident doctor of the school/medical consultant
Students 2 numbers (10th / 12th class) Disaster DM Team…. : Disaster DM Team…. Fire safety
Teachers (2 numbers)
Students (4 numbers, 10th class)
Site security team
School security staff
Teacher (1 numbers)
Students (2 numbers) 7. Training of School Disaster Management Teams : 7. Training of School Disaster Management Teams Search and Rescue
Fire fighting 8. Planning to be disseminated to everyone in the School. : 8. Planning to be disseminated to everyone in the School. 9. Mock Drill : 9. Mock Drill Drills to be carried out twice a year
Drills should be hazard specific 10. Plan Updation : 10. Plan Updation Plans to be updated every six months
Plan to be approved by the Disaster Management Committee N.C Jindal School DM Plan - Delhi : N.C Jindal School DM Plan - Delhi Senior section…. : Senior section…. NCERT initiatives : NCERT initiatives Development of training modules for the teachers and teacher educators’.
Safety in Schools
Health, well being and safety of students Safety of School buildings : Safety of School buildings Focus on structural and non-structural safety. Mexico Earthquake : Mexico Earthquake School Building Non - structural safety : Non - structural safety Because books represent a considerable mass, strong anchorage and bracing of the shelves in both main directions is necessary : Because books represent a considerable mass, strong anchorage and bracing of the shelves in both main directions is necessary A glance into this side street reveals a vast amount of fallen façade materials. Rescue work, fire trucks access, etc. is seriously hampered. : A glance into this side street reveals a vast amount of fallen façade materials. Rescue work, fire trucks access, etc. is seriously hampered. Slide 50: Making Schools Safer Before the Next Disaster Strikes Bicycle rickshaw driver taking children home after School. New Delhi. Slide 51: Thank You Contact Details: : Contact Details: Mr Dillip Kumar Bhanja
State Project Officer
GoI – UNDP Disaster Risk Management Programme
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