Disaster Management in Education

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Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective : 

Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective GoI – UNDP, DRM Programme

Slide 2: 

Disasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorial

Some recent disasters….. : 

Some recent disasters….. Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coast - 2004 Gujarat Earthquake - 2001 Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc….. Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabwali Terrorist attack: Chechnya And the list goes on and on……………

Disasters occur in varied formsSome are predictable in advanceSome are annual or seasonal Some are sudden and unpredictable Floods Days and weeks Earthquakes Seconds/minutes Cyclones Days Droughts Months : 

Disasters occur in varied formsSome are predictable in advanceSome are annual or seasonal Some are sudden and unpredictable Floods Days and weeks Earthquakes Seconds/minutes Cyclones Days Droughts Months

Slide 5: 

Why is Disaster Management Important to Us?

Slide 6: 

57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes 12% to Floods 8% to Cyclones 70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought 85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards 22 states are prone to multi hazards. WHY? And WHAT about Man made Disasters?

Slide 11: 

Am I safe in my school?

Tenth Five Year Plan emphasizes on: : 

Tenth Five Year Plan emphasizes on: Planning for safer national development Disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures Capacity building Training and education at all levels

4 Major areas of concern are: : 

4 Major areas of concern are: Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum Disaster management, awareness and preparedness in schools. Safety of school from natural hazards – structural and non structural. Preparation of the Disaster Management Plans at school level

What is a safe school? : 

What is a safe school? A safe school is either a school which is located in a hazard free area, or one that has been constructed to withstand the hazard to which it is exposed. A safe school will not collapse or get affected if a disaster happens.

Government of India initiatives:1) Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum : 

Government of India initiatives:1) Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum The process was initiated with a set of recommendations to be put in place by the state govt. from Home Secretary to the Chief Secretaries of the states- one of them being DM in EDUCATION. Introduction of DM in Class VIII, IX and X as part of the frontline curriculum by CBSE. Many of the state Boards have already introduced DM in school syllabi.

Syllabus : 

Syllabus Class VIII Being prepared – a vital part of disaster management Earthquakes Cyclones Floods Droughts and Manmade Disasters

Class IX : 

Class IX Being a disaster manager – Understanding key terms. Components of disaster management Introduction to disaster risk management – Understanding disaster mitigation. Specific hazards and mitigation. Earthquake, landslide, food, cyclone and drought Preventing common manmade disasters Fire, rail and road accidents, terrorist attacks

Class X : 

Class X Introduction Tsunami - the killer sea wave Survival skills Alternative communication systems….during disasters. Safe constructional practices Sharing responsibilities Planning Ahead

Class XI – (Sociology and Geography) Sociology : 

Class XI – (Sociology and Geography) Sociology Introduction Child rights and emergencies Gender and Disaster Management Role of Community in disaster Management Role of Local Level institutions in Disaster Management

Class XI - Geography : 

Class XI - Geography Introduction to concepts Flood Cyclone Earthquake Tsunami Landslide

2) Disaster management - awareness and preparedness in schools. : 

2) Disaster management - awareness and preparedness in schools. Teachers training programme 33 teachers’ trained so far by CBSE Training of teachers by the States. Disaster Management NOT a subject but………….. A NECESSARY LIFE SKILL

School safety weeks and months observed : 

School safety weeks and months observed Training on Self Defence by Civil Defence in NP Girls Senior Secondary School.

Training on fire safety : 

Training on fire safety

Development of coloring book for the primary section : 

Development of coloring book for the primary section

3) Preparation of School DM plans : 

3) Preparation of School DM plans Schools to prepare DM plans based on the hazard that they are vulnerable to. More than 500 plans have been prepared

Steps for preparation of DM Plans : 

Steps for preparation of DM Plans Sensitisation meeting for awareness Teachers, School Management and students. Formation of School Disaster Management Committee School principal Vice principal Sub Divisional Magistrate of the area DEO (District Education Officer) President of Parents Teachers Association Parents (1-2) Local Medical Officer Market trader association Fire Officer Police Members of Civil Society (NCC,NSS, Red Cross, Scouts and Guides) 4 Students

Steps for preparation of DM Plans (cont…) : 

Steps for preparation of DM Plans (cont…) 3. Hazard identification History of disasters Identification of potential hazard Preparation of seasonality calendar 4. Inventory of resources 5. Mapping Social Mapping Resource Mapping Vulnerability / Risk Mapping Safe and Opportunity Mapping

Social Mapping - Schools : 

Class rooms in the school building Laboratories Play Ground School Canteen Library Social Mapping - Schools

Resource Map - Schools : 

Human resources School Buses Generators Fire extinguishers Stretchers Drinking water sources Health Centre in the school Resource Map - Schools

Vulnerability/ Risk Map - School : 

Children in pre- school and primary section Physically challenged Identification of potentially vulnerable areas in the school Vulnerability/ Risk Map - School

Safe and Alternate route Mapping : 

Identification of safe places in the school Alternative staircases/ routes to be identified Safe and Alternate route Mapping

6. School DM Team : 

6. School DM Team Early Warning Team School teacher Student (3 nos. most communicative) Activity/ Event Organising Team Disaster management teacher Art and Craft teacher Music teacher Prefects/ active students

School DM Team: : 

School DM Team: Search and Rescue Sports teachers Male teacher Prefect (students 2nos) Evacuation All class teachers

School DM Team…….. : 

School DM Team…….. First Aid team Resident doctor of the school/medical consultant Teachers 2nos. Students 2 numbers (10th / 12th class)

Disaster DM Team…. : 

Disaster DM Team…. Fire safety Teachers (2 numbers) Students (4 numbers, 10th class) Site security team School security staff Teacher (1 numbers) Students (2 numbers)

7. Training of School Disaster Management Teams : 

7. Training of School Disaster Management Teams Search and Rescue First Aid Trauma Counseling Fire fighting

8. Planning to be disseminated to everyone in the School. : 

8. Planning to be disseminated to everyone in the School.

9. Mock Drill : 

9. Mock Drill Drills to be carried out twice a year Drills should be hazard specific

10. Plan Updation : 

10. Plan Updation Plans to be updated every six months Plan to be approved by the Disaster Management Committee

N.C Jindal School DM Plan - Delhi : 

N.C Jindal School DM Plan - Delhi

Senior section…. : 

Senior section….

NCERT initiatives : 

NCERT initiatives Development of training modules for the teachers and teacher educators’. Safety in Schools Midday meals Health, well being and safety of students

Safety of School buildings : 

Safety of School buildings Focus on structural and non-structural safety.

Mexico Earthquake : 

Mexico Earthquake School Building

Non - structural safety : 

Non - structural safety

Because books represent a considerable mass, strong anchorage and bracing of the shelves in both main directions is necessary : 

Because books represent a considerable mass, strong anchorage and bracing of the shelves in both main directions is necessary

A glance into this side street reveals a vast amount of fallen façade materials. Rescue work, fire trucks access, etc. is seriously hampered. : 

A glance into this side street reveals a vast amount of fallen façade materials. Rescue work, fire trucks access, etc. is seriously hampered.

Slide 50: 

Making Schools Safer Before the Next Disaster Strikes Bicycle rickshaw driver taking children home after School. New Delhi.

Slide 51: 

Thank You

Contact Details: : 

Contact Details: Mr Dillip Kumar Bhanja State Project Officer GoI – UNDP Disaster Risk Management Programme E- Mail:- dilipkumar.bhanja@undp.org Mobile: 09431417148

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