INDIAN ETHOS AND VALUES

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

By: spphogat (50 month(s) ago)

Dear friend i teach ehtos to the students of MBA .i found this very useful. It has added many points which he did know .I shall be thnakful to you if send it my email spphogat@gmail.com Prof S.P.Phogat FaridABAD

By: sahishnav (51 month(s) ago)

Hello sir, i am one of the author in authorstream. i have just looked your ppt on indian ethos and values is very useful to the students pursuing MBA in Anna university. Hence for my students i need this.kindly send to my mail id. harisaravanakumar@yahoo.co.in. thank you.

Presentation Transcript

INDIAN ETHOS AND VALUES : 

PREPARED BY : RAHUL SINGH FACULTY NAME : MS. ARPITA INDIAN ETHOS AND VALUES

Slide 2: 

CONTENT

Slide 3: 

DEFINATION OF ETHICS VIEW OF ETHICS MODEL’S OF MGMT IN SOCIO-POLITICAL ENV. PARAMETER OF SOCIO-POLITICAL ENV. WORK ETHOS LEVEL OF WORK ETHOS INDIAN HERITAGE PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION TQM GUIDING PRINCIPLE IN TQM CONTENT

Slide 4: 

INDIAN INSIGHT IN TQM PRINCIPLE OF TQM IN INDIAN PERSPECTIVE OBJECTIVE OF TQM STRESS – IN CORPORATE MGMT. FACTOR CAUSING STRESS. CAUSES OF STRESS EFFECT OF STRESS METHOD TO REDUCE STRESS CONTINUED….

Slide 5: 

ETHICS

Slide 6: 

ETHICS IS A DISCIPLINE THAT EXAMINE ONE’S MORALITY OR THE MORAL STANDARD OF THE SOCIETY. ETHICS MEANS EXCEPTED STANDARD IN TERMS OF YOUR PERSONAL AND SOCIAL WELFARE . ETHICS INCLUDE MORALITY, HONESTY, ENTRICITY, RESPONSILBLITY ETC. ETHICS ATTEMPT TO DISTINGUISH B/W RIGHT FROM WRONG, GOOD FROM BAD AND DESIDES A DESIRABLE CONDUCT FROM A PARTICULAR SET OF SOCIAL CIRCUMSTANCE. ETHICS

Slide 7: 

VIEW ON ETHICS

Slide 8: 

UTILITARIAN – VIEW OF ETHICS RIGHT VIEW ON ETHICS THEORY OF JUSTICE- VIA- ETHICS INTROGATIVE SOCIAL CONTRAST THEORY VIEW OF ETHICS

Slide 9: 

UNDER THIS VIEW ETHICAL DECISION ARE MADE SOLELY ON THE BASIS OF OUTCOMES OR CONCISENEOUS. IT CONSIDERS HOW TO PROVIDE GREATEST GOODS FOR THE GREATEST NO: OF UTILITARIAN. IT ENCOURAGE EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY AND INCONSISTENCE WITH THE GOAL OF PROFIT MAXIMATION. UTILITIATARIAN

Slide 10: 

RESPONSILBLITY AND PROTECTING INDIVISUAL PRIVELEGES SUCH AS: RIGHT TO PRIVACY FREEDOM OF CONSICENESS FREE SPEECH LIFE AND SAFETY. VIEW ON ETHICS

Slide 11: 

MANAGER ARE IMPOSE AND ENFORCE RULE FAIRLY AND IMPARTIALLY AND DO SO BY FOLLOWING ALL LEGALS RULES AND REGULATION. THEORY OF JUSTICE

Slide 12: 

ETHICAL DECISION SHOULD BE BASED ON EMPLINICAL NORMATIVE FUNCTION . MANAGER NEED TO LOOK AT EXISTING ETHICAL NORMS IN INDUSTRY AND COMPANIES IN ORDER TO DETERMINE WHAT CONSITUTE RIGHT AND WRONG DECISION AND ACTION. INTEROGATIVE SOCIAL CONTEST

MODEL OF MGMT IN SOCIO-POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT : 

INDIAN MODEL OF MANAGEMENT MAY BE BEST DEFINED ON THE BASIS OF IMPORTANT PARAMETER OF MANAGEMENT . MODEL OF MGMT IN SOCIO-POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT

Slide 14: 

DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY TRADE UNION TRANSFER POLICY PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL CUSTOMER’S GRIEVANCES PLANNING RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION HUMAN RESOUCES AND DEVELOPMENT TRANING AND DEVELOPMENT EMPLOYER’S EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP PARAMETER OF MANAGEMENT ARE AS FOLLOWS

Slide 15: 

ALTHOUGH DELGATOIN OF AUTHORITY IS A SIGNIFICANCE FUNCTION OF MGMT BUT IT IS NEARLY AN INFORMAL ACTIVITIES. EXCESSIVE CENTRALIZATION IS PRESENT IN IT. SUBORDINATE ARE ALWAYS OR IN MOST OF THE CASE UNWILLING TO ACCEPT RESPONSILBLITY DUE TO SUCH CONDISTION DECISION ARE ALWAYS CENTRALISED. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY

Slide 16: 

IN INDIAN CORPORATE SECTOR TRADE UNION ARE ALWAYS DEALT AS AN ENEMY OF EMPLOYERS. THE TRADE UNION ON THEIR PARTS ARE ALWAYS PRESSURING THE EMPLOYEES FOR THE BENEFITS OF THEIR MEMBER. TRADE UNION ARE NOW JUST AS FORMALITY AND TO ENJOY POLITICAL INFLUENCES. TRADE UNION

Slide 17: 

IN INDIAN PUBLIC SECTOR, THERE ARE RARE TRANSFER POLICIES SUCH POLICIES EXIST ONLY ON PAPERS, TRANSFER ARE BASICALLY DONE ON THE BASIS OF PUNISHMENT, FOVORITISM AND RECOMMENDATION . IN PRIVATE SECTOR SOME TRANSFER POLICY STILL EXIST BUT THAT’S TO FOR TOP LEVEL EMPLOYEES. TRANSFER POLICY

Slide 18: 

IT MEANS EVALUATION OF PERFORMANCE OF AN EMPLOYEE. IN INDIAN MGMT MODEL THERE IS NO CONCRETE APPRAISAL SYSTEM. APPRAISAL IS NOT DONE ON THE BASIS OF ACTUAL PERFORMANCE. PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

Slide 19: 

IN PRACTICAL SITUATION SUCH SYSTEM SELDOM(RAIRELY) USED AND GRIEVANCE ARE DEALT MOSTLY ON THE BASIS OF MUTUAL SETTLEMENT. BUT NOW A DAYS, DUE TO EXCESSIVE COMPETITVE ATMOSPHERE COMPANIES HAVE STARTED GIVING FIRST PREFERENCE TO CUSTOMER GRIEVENCE. CUSTOMER GRIEVENCE

Slide 20: 

INDIA HAS A WELL ESTABLISHED PLANNING COMMISION UNDER PRIME MINISTER WHICH FORMULATE FIVE YEAR PLAN. IN PRIVATE CORPORATE SECTOR, A SPECIALLY A MEDIUM AND SMALL SCALE FARMS ONLY SHORT RANGED PLANNING IS IN EXISTENCE. INDIA HAS HARLDY BEEN ABLE TO ACHIEVED ANY FIVE YEAR PLAN OBJECTIVE IN A SUCESSFUL MANNER DUE TO LACK OF PROPER IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMS. PROFIT MAXIMIZATION IS THE SOLE CONSIDERATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION NEGLECTING OTHER ASPECT OF PLANNING. PLANNING

Slide 21: 

IN PUBLIC SECTOR MOST OF THE RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION IS DONE ON THE BASIS OF RECOMMENDATION REFERENCE OF PRESENT EMPLOYEES ARE GIVING THE PRIORITY PROVIDING LESS IMPORTANCE TO THE PERFORMANCE OF THE DESIRED CANDICATE. RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION

Slide 22: 

NO PROPER POLICY OF EMPLOYEES MOTIVATION AND LEADERSHIP EXIST IN REALITY . DECISION ON PROMOTION AND TENURE OF SERVICE ARE BASED ON RECOMMENDATION AND REFERENCE RATHER THAN PERFORMANCE AN AMBIGOUS HUMAN RESOURCES POLICY IS A MAIN CAUSE OF EMPLOYED DISSATISFACTION HUMAN RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

Slide 23: 

NO PROPER POLICY TO DETERMINE THE NEED OF TRAINNING AND DEVELOPMENT . EXPENCES ALLOCATION FOR TRAINNING IS VERY LESS. NO PROPER ATMOSPHERE TO LEARN AND UNDERSTOOD THE IMPORTANCE OF THE CONCEPT OF TRAINING ON DEVELOPMENT. TRAINNING AND DEVELOPMENT

Slide 24: 

RELATION SHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE AND EMPLOYER ARE NOT VERY CORDIAL (UNDERSTANDING) AND COMFORTABLE. EMPLOYER ARE AT LOWER LEVEL ARE GIVEN VERY LOWER AUTONOMY (POWER AUTHORITY) . THEY HARLDY PARTICIPATE IN ANY MGMT FUNCTION, EMPLOYEES ARE THREATED JUST AS COMMODITY OR COST CENTERS. EMPLOYER EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP

Slide 25: 

WORK ETHOS

Slide 26: 

WORK ETHOS CAN BE DEFINED AS THE PRINCIPLES, VALUES, NORMS, REQUIRED TO BE FOLLOWED WHEN AN INDIVISUAL IS AT WORK WORK ETHOS

Slide 27: 

DIFFERENT LEVEL OF WORK ETHOS

Slide 28: 

DISCIPLINE COMMITMENT AND ACCOUNTABLITY LOYALITY RESPONSILBLITY WORK CULTURE CONTENT

Slide 29: 

IT IS MAINLY CONFINED TO COMING AT WORK ON TIME, BEHAVING WITH RESPECT AND DIGNITY TO SUBORDINATES, COLLEAQUE AND SUPERIORS, STAFFING PROPERLY AT WORK DURING WORKING HRS, NOT WASTING WORK TIME. DISCIPLINE

Slide 30: 

WORK ETHICS IS ALSO ABOUT THE COMMITMENT AND ACCOUNTABLITY. TO KNOW DOES THE WORKER FEEL RESPONSILBE FOR THE TASKS ASSIGNED TO HIM. THE ONE WHO MAKE ALL POSSIBLE EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISHMENT THE WORK IN THE TIME AND ALSO IN A SATISFYING MANNER. COMMITMENT AND ACCOUNTABLITY

Slide 31: 

WORK ETHICS IS ALSO DEALTS WITH LOYALITY TOWARDS THE ORGANIZATION, BY NOT TALKING NEGATIVELY ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION, BY PROTECTING THE INTREST OF THE ORGANIZATION. LOYALITY

Slide 32: 

PEOPLE IN THE ORGANIZATION HAVE DIFFERENT ATTITUDE TOWARD AT THEIR WORK. THIS CAN BE NOTICES THOURGH JOB DESCRIPTION, PERFORMANCE, EVALVATION CARREER DEVELOPMENT, FORMAL TRAINNING ETC. RESPONSILBLITY

Slide 33: 

INDIA HAS CONSIDERED HAS STRONG WORK CULTURE WHICH INCLUDES PUNCTUALLITY, PROPER DRESS CODE, PROPER BEHAVIOUR AND RESPECT TOWARDS YOUR SUPERIOR, PEERS AND SUBORDINATES , STRICTLY FOLLOWING THE RULES AND REGULATION OF THE ORGANIZATION. A GOOD WORK CULTURE CAN ALSO BE INTRODUCE THROUGH EFFECTIVE INDUCTION PROGRAM. WORK CULTURE

Slide 34: 

INDIAN HERITAGE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

Slide 35: 

TO INDIAN HERITAGE TO MEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARD HIS SOCIAL EXISTENCE SHIFTED TOWARD DUTIES OBLIGATION AND SACRIFICE. HE BELIEVED IN “SIMPLE LIVING AND HIGH THINKING.” INDIAN HERITAGE EMPHASIZED THAT THE ASSENT OF CIVILIZATION LIES NOT IN MULTIPLICATION OF QUANT BUT IN THE PURIFICATION OF HUMAN CHARACTER. INDIAN HERITAGE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

Slide 36: 

FROM THE POINT OF BUDDHIST, ECONOMICS PRODUCTION FROM LOCAL RESOURCES FOR LOCAL NEEDS IS THE MOST RATIONAL WAYS OF ECONOMIC LIFE. DEPENDENCE OF IMPORT AND CONSEQUENT NEEDS TO PRODUCE FOR EXPORT IS HIGHLY UNECONOMIC. NOW DAYS A BULK OF NON RENEWABLE RESOURCES LIKE COAL AND OIL ARE BEING WASTEFULLY USED IN PRODUCTION OF GOOD AND SERVICES THAT ARE NOT REALLY USEFUL TO MAN. IN THE BUDDHIST ECONOMIC PLANNING NON RENEWABLE AND SCARES RESOURCES WOULD BE CONSERVED BECAUSE THE PRIORITIES IN PRODUCTION WOULD BE DETERMINED ACCORDING TO THE MAN BASIC NEED OF FOOD, CLOTHING AND HOUSING. RATHER THAN PRODUCING ARMS, DRUGS, ALCOHOL AND HARMFUL CHEMICALS. PRODUCTION FOR BASIC REQUIREMENT SHOULD BE PRIME OUTLOOK INDIAN HERITAGE FOR PRODUCTION

Slide 37: 

ACCORDING TO MODERN ECONOMIES A MAJOR OF STANDARD OF LIVING IS JUDGED BY THE AMOUNT OF ANNUAL CONSUMPTION. WHEREAS A BUDDHIST ECONOMIST WOULD CONSIDER THIS APPROACH TOTALLY IRRATIONAL; SINCE CONSUMPTION IS MAINLY THE MEANS TO HUMAN WELL BEING. RATHER THE AIM SHOULD BE TO OBTAIN THE MAXIMUM WELL BEING WITH MINIMUM OF CONSUMPTION. INDIAN HERITAGE FOR CONSUMPTION

Slide 38: 

INDIAN HERITAGE FOR OTHER ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

Slide 39: 

A PERFORMANCE OF THE PLANT IS JUDGED BY THE CRITERIA HOW QUICKLY A COUNTRY IS ABLE TO INCREASE ITS PER CAPITA INCOME. THE BUDDHIST ECONOMIC SYSTEM OR INDIAN HERITAGE SYSTEM NOT PAY MUCH ATTENTION OF PER CAPITA INCOME BECAUSE IT’S ONLY A STATICS FIGURE. IN INDIAN HERITAGE ONLY GOOD VALUE CAN INCREASE A MANS MATERIAL AND SPIRITUAL WELL BEING. IT WOULD EXCLUDE HARMFUL DRUGS, ALCOHOLICALLY LIQUORS, NARCOTICS, WEAPONS, SLAUGHTER OF ANIMALS, CHEMICAL THAT ARE DANGEROUS TO MAN AND WHICH WOULD ULTIMATELY RESULT IN MORAL AND MATERIAL DEGRADATION INCREASE IN PER CAPITA INCOME AND HUMAN WELFARE

Slide 40: 

ANOTHER OF MODEL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IS TO FULL USE OF THE PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES OF A COMPANY. BUDDHISM ADVOCATES ECONOMIC USE OF RESOURCES IN THE INTEREST OF MAN. AVOIDING INDISCRIMINATE AND IRRESPONSIBLE USE OF RESOURCES. AN INDIAN WOULD USE RESOURCES RATIONALLY WHILE PROMOTING THEIR CONSERVATION. BY REPLICATING FOREST RESOURCES MAN DESTROY AT ONE STROKE, WHAT NATURE HAS TAKEN THOUSAND OF YEARS TO BUILD. USE OF RESOURCES

Slide 41: 

THE PROVISION OF FULL EMPLOYMENT IS AN IMPORTANT OBJECTIVE IN ALL DEVELOPMENT PLANTS BUT BUDDHIST ECONOMIST PAYS MUCH GREATER ATTENTION TO THIS BECAUSE ACHIEVEMENT OF OTHER OBJECTIVE DEPENDS UPON IT. BUDDHA SAID POVERTY SHOULD BE ELIMINATED AND A COUNTRY SHOULD PROSPER BY PROVIDING EMPLOYMENT TO EVERY ONE SINCE EMPLOYMENT IS THE SOURCE OF INCOME FOR EVERY INDIVIDUAL FOR THEIR SURVIVAL BUDDHIST BELIEF ONE WAY TO PROVIDING MORE EMPLOYMENT IS TO USE MORE MAN THEN MACHINES IN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO DOMINATE MAN . EMPLOYMENT

Slide 42: 

BUDDHA HAS ADVISED LAYMEN TO SAVE ONE FOURTH OF WHAT THEY EARN . IF A NATION COULD LIMIT CONSUMPTION TO THREE FOURTH OF THE NATIONAL PRODUCT IT WOULD BE SAVING ONE FOURTH WHICH COULD BE INVESTED FOR DEVELOPING THE ECONOMY. THIS IMPLIES THAT AT LEAST ONE FOURTH OF THE TOTAL PRODUCTION OF THE COMMUNITY WOULD BE SET ASIDE FOR THE FUTURE. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SAVING

Slide 43: 

TQM TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Slide 44: 

TQM IS A CONTINIOUS PROCESS OF IMPROVEMENT , FOR INDIVISUAL, GROUP OF WORKERS AND ALL THE WHOLE ORGANIZATION TOWARDS QUALITY. TQM IS A PARTICIPATIVE PROCESS BECAUSE EVERY EMPLOYEE IN THE ORGANIZATION IS INVOLVED AND EXPECTED TO TAKE RESPONSILBLITY FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY EVERY MOVEMENT. YOU CAN ONLY IMPROVE THAT “ WHICH YOU CAN “MEASURE “ “BUDDHA” HAS SAID “BE BECOME WHAT WE THINK” WHICH IMPLIES WHAT IT IS THOUGHT ABOUT A BUSINESS AND WE CAN IMPROVE. TQM : TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Slide 45: 

FOUR GUIDING PRINCIPLE INTO TQM

Slide 47: 

THIS CAN BE FULLFILL ONLY WHEN , WHEN THE RIGHT INFORMATION IS PROVIDED TO THE ALL LEVELS OF THE ORGANIZATION. SO THAT DECISION CAN BE TQM QUALITY ORIENTED DO IT RIGHT , FIRST TIME

Slide 48: 

BUSINESS CONSIDERED CUSTOMER AS THEIR KING . THUS GOODS AND SERVICES RENDERED TO THEM MUST MEET THEIR SATISFACTOR AND DEMANDING LEVELS. CUSTOMER NOW A DAYS FOCUS ON THE QUALITY OF THE PRODUCT EVEN IF THEY HAVE TO PAY MORE. CUSTOMER ORIENTED

Slide 49: 

THE MORE PEOPLE FEEL INVOLVED THEMSELVES IN GROUP OR IN A TEAM, THE GREATER WILL BE THEIR COMMITMENT TO THE ORGANIZATION, ITS GOODWILL , CUSTOMER SATISFACTION AND QUALTIY TEAM EMPOWERMENT

Slide 50: 

IT RECOGNIZE THAT HOW MUCH MAY HAVE IMPROVE, SINCE THERE ARE NO LIMITATION IN THE EXCEPTATION OF CUSTOMER OF QUALITY. THEREFORE CONTINIOUS IMPROVEMENT MUST BE ESTABLISH WITH THE EVERCHANGING AFFAIRS IN THE BUSINESS. CONTINIOUS IMPROVEMENT

Slide 51: 

INDIAN INSIGHT INTO TQM

Slide 52: 

NOTHING IS PERFECT , THERE IS ALWAYS A BETTER WAY OF DOING THINGS. HENCE TQM IS ONGOING PROCESS. THE INDIAN INSIGHT INTO TQM INDICATES THAT “ MIND” IS THE MASTER OF TOTAL EXCELLENCE OF PERFORMANCE IN ANY FIELD OF ACTIVITY. MIND IS A ENERGY SOURCE OF ALL THE PEOPLE IN THE ORGANIZATION TO REALIZE MISSION. MANPOWER GOVERN THE QUALITY OF COLLECTIVE MINDS. TOTAL QUALITY OF MIND DETERMINES THE QUALITY OF THOUGHT, PERCEPTION ,IDEOLOGY, ATTITUDES AND ACTION THAT CONTROL TOTAL QUALITY OF PRODUCT AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY ANY ORGANIZATION. INDIAN INSIGHT INTO TQM

Slide 53: 

A HUMAN HAVE CERTAIN QUALITIES: SATVA RAJSIC TAMSIC REFLECT KNOWLEDGE,WISDOM AND INTELLIGENCE REFLECT ACTIVITIES, PASSION, FEELING, EMOTION,WILLPOWER,FAME, QUEST REFLECT IGNORANCE, LAZINESS,POOR,INDESCRIMATION, ILLOGICAL. ACCORDING TO INDIAN INSIGHT

Slide 54: 

DOMINANCE OF SATVA AND RAJSIC QUALITIES GIVES RISE TO POSITIVE RE-INFORCEMENT WHICH LEADS TO EXCELLINCE AND SELF IMPROVEMENT WHEREAS DOMINANCE OF RAJSIC AND TAMSIC CREATE NEGATIVE SKILLS

Slide 55: 

IF WE GO INTO DETAILS OF TQM WE WILL FIND THAT IT IS NOT ONLY A SIMPLE CONCEPT BUT THERE ARE SIX FACTORS OF QUALITY IN A PERSON

Slide 56: 

PRINCIPLES OF TQM IN INDIAN MANAGEMENT

Slide 57: 

TQM REQUIRES TOTAL QUALITY MIND OF A QUALITY PERSON IN CORE ENTIRE SYSTEM DIVINE PRINCIPLE OF “WORK IS WORKSHIP” LEAST TO PERFECTION AND COMPLETION. KNOWLEDGE REST IS DEVINE POWER. THE BEST ART TO DO A WORK WITH PERFECTION IS TO COME FIRST SELFLESSELY TOWARD WORKS, ONLY THEN IT TURN TO BE WORKSHEET. THEN THE TOTAL QUALITY OF WORK WILL BE IN SUPREME POSITION AND IN A WINNING SITUATION, WHERE SUCCESS IS ASSURED. PRINCIPLE OF TQM

Slide 58: 

OBJECTIVE OF TQM

OBJECTIVE OF TQM : 

OBJECTIVE OF TQM IT WILL ENRICH THE TOTAL QUALITY OF WORK, PRODUCT AND SERVICES, PERSON ALSO THE EMPLOYEE WILL BECOME SELF DEPENDENT AND SELF MANAGES THE EMPLOYEE AS A PERSON WILL BECOME QUALITY CONSIOUS THE EMPLOYEES WILL BECOME SELF DISCIPLINE ANOTHER HIDDEN OBJECTIVE IS THAT IF WE WORK WITH LOVE AND DEVOTION , THE GLOW OF BLISSFULLNES WILL BE PROVIDED BY GOD.

Slide 60: 

STRESS PROBLEMS RELATED TO STRESS IN CORPORATE MANAGEMENT IN INDIAN PERSPECTIVE

Slide 61: 

WHEN A PERSON IS NOT ABLE TO COPE WITH THE ENVIRONMENT AND SURROUNDING AND CANNOT MAINTAIN PROPER BALANCE. IN OTHER WORDS WHEN DEMANDS ON A PERSON FROM THE ENVIRONMENT ARE MORE AND HIS OUTPUT IS LESS BECAUSE OF HIS FAILURE THEN PERSON IS UNDER STRESS. DEFINATION OF STRESS

Slide 62: 

EFFECT OF STRESS BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECT ARE FOUND DUE TO STRESS. THERE SHOULD BE LITTLE STRESS IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THE WORK ON TIME EFFECTIVELY AND EFFECIENTLY TOTAL ABSENCE OF STRESS MAY LEAD TO ABNORMALITY AND LOSS. THUS STRESS CANNOT BE ESCAPED BUT IT SHOULD BE MANAGED.

Slide 63: 

ACCORDING TO S.P ROBBINS “STRESS IS A DYNAMIC CONDISITION IN WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL IS CONFRONTD WITH AN OPPORTUNITY CONSTRAINT OR DEMANDS RELATED TO WHAT HE/SHE DESIRES FOR WHICH OUTCOME IS PERCEIVED TO BE BOTH UNCERTAIN AND IMPORTANT

Slide 64: 

FACTOR CAUSING STRESS PERSONAL FACTOR SITUATIONAL FACTOR ENVIRONMENTAL FACTOR INCLUDES PHYSICAL AND PHYSCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS INCLUDING CONFLICT, ACCIDENT, COMPETITION OR SUDDEN IMPACT INCLUDING NATURAL CALAMITIES

Slide 65: 

CAUSES OF STRESS HIGH EXPECTION EXCESSIVE COMPETION INSTABLITY AND INSECURITY OVER BURDEN OF WORK UNHEALTHY PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP WITH CO-WORKER OR SUPPLIERS MISBEHAVIOR FROM MANAGEMENT OR COLLEAGUES FAMILY PROBLEMS CONFLICT UNHEALTHY WORKING CONDISITION AND UNHEALTHY ENVIRONMENT EXCESSIVE WORKING HOURS DESIRE FOR STATUS OR SELF-ESTEEM

Slide 66: 

EFFECT OF STRESS

Slide 67: 

PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTION ANXIETY DEPRESSION DECREASING IN SATISFACTION FRUSTATION TENSION IMPATIENCE UNPLESENT FEELING AND INABILITY TO RELAX ETC

Slide 68: 

UNDER FATIGUE HEADACHE UNEASINESS HYPERTENSION OR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE HEART PROBLEMS ASTHAM ETC PHYSICAL REACTION

Slide 69: 

IN COOPERATIVE QUARRELSOME AGGRESSIVE INEFFICIENT LOW QUALITY OF PERFORMANCE LACK OF CONCENTRATION AND IRREGULAR ETC BEHAVIORAL REACTION

Slide 70: 

THE ANSWER TO STRESS CAN BE FOUND IN THE VERY LETTERS OF WORD “STRESS”

Slide 71: 

S R T E S S STRENGTH TRAFFIC CONTROL RE-DESIGN ERASE SHARING SURRENDER TO LORD

Slide 72: 

S STRENGTH PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, INTELLECTUAL AND SPRITUAL. PROPER DIET,EXERCISE AND PRANAYAMA TECHNIQUES HELP TO REDUCE STRESS AT PHYSICALLY . THROUGH SATSANG AND APPROPIATE LEARNING GAINED THEREIN , THE MIND CAN BE STRENGHTENED. LOVE, COMPASSION AND FRNDSHIP ARE VALUABE STRENGTH. “RABINDRANATH TAGORE , IN A POEM, PRAYS TO LORD NOT TO REMOVE ALL OBSTACLES, BUT INSTEAD, HE ASK FOR STRENGHT TO BEAR THEM “BEFORE START OF MAHABARTA WAR ARJUN WAS SEIZED WITH EMOTIONAL WEAKNESS AND HE REFUSED TO FIGHT THE WAR. LORD KRISNA GAVE HIM THAT EMOTINAL STRENGHT.

Slide 73: 

WE NEED TO REGULATE AND CONTROL OUR THOUGHT . EAT WHILE EATING WORK WHILE WORKING LEAVE THE HOME AND OFFICE IN THE OFFICE WORRYING ONLY REDUCE EFFICIENCY AND THEN EVEN SIMPLE TASKS CANNOT BE COMPLETED CORRECTLY AND IN TIME T TRAFFIC CONTROL

Slide 74: 

WE TEND TO VIEW LIFE AND OURSELFES THROUGH OUR OWN PHILOSOPHY A RE-ADJUSTMENT OR REORIENTATION IN THIS PHILOSPHY INCREASE OUR CAPACITY TO BEAR HEAVIER LOADS R RE-DESIGN

Slide 75: 

EGO ANGER FEAR JEALOUSLY ALL THESE ARE NEGATIVE EMOTIONS THAT REDUCE EFFICIENCY, LEADING TO MENTAL WEAKNESS, CUASING STRESS. E ERASE

Slide 76: 

SHARE YOUR WEALTH KNOWLEDGE WORKLOAD ANYTHING ELSE YOU HAVE S SHARING

Slide 77: 

FREE YOUR MIND FROM THE WEIGHT OF WORRIES AND BECOME AN INSTRUMENT ADOPTING AN ATTITUDE OF SERVICE THIS ATTITUDE WILL ENSURE EFFICIENCY , SUCESS AND FREEDOM FROM STRESS. S SURRENDER TO LORD

Slide 78: 

METHOD TO REDUCE STRESS

Slide 79: 

BY DEVELOPING CERTAIN HOBBIES LIKE GAMES, PAINTING, READING, PHYSICAL EXERCISE ETC INVOLVES ONE SELF IN GROUP ACTIVITIES MEDITATION, SPRITUALITY OR YOGA BECOMING GOOD AND PATIENT LISTNER THAN A BIG TALK POSITIVE THINKING/OPTIMISTIC APPROACH BY DOING JOB OF SATISFACTION CHOOSING SUITABLE COMPANY AVOIDING OVERBURDEN OF WORK AND UNFAVOURABLE CONDISITION MAKING CORDIAL RELATION WITH SURROUNDING PEOPLE AVOIDING LIES , GIMMAKES AND UNCERTAINITY.