ALLPORT'S TRAIT THEORY OF PERSONALITY

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ALLPORT'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY, TRAIT THEORY,

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ALLPORT’S THEORY OF PERSONALITY: 

ALLPORT’S THEORY OF PERSONALITY RATHEESH K K ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, OCTE, CALICUT ratheeshthapasya

TRAIT APPROACH: 

TRAIT APPROACH PERSONALITY IS VIEWED IN TERMS OF SEVERAL TRAITS TRAIT – RELATIVELY PERMANENT CONSISTENT GENERAL BEHAVIOR PATTERN THAT AN INDIVIDUAL EXBITS IN MOST SITUATIONS. ratheeshthapasya

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BASIC UNITS OF ONES PERSONALITY DISCOVERED THROUGH OBSERVING BEHAVIOR IN VARIETY SITUATIONS INDIVIDUAL IS COMBINATION OF SUM TOTOAL OF PERSONALITY TRIATS CAN BE INBORN OR DEVELOPED COSISSTNETLY DIRECTS THE BEHAVIOR ratheeshthapasya

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EACH INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPS DISTICTIVE SETS OF TRAIT IN HIS LIFE NUMBER ANT GRATIVITY DIFERS FROM INDIVIDUALTO INDIVIDUAL SO PERSONALITY IS UNIQUE ratheeshthapasya

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TWO TRAIT THEORIES A. ALLPORT’S B. CATTEL’S ratheeshthapasya

Gordon Allport: 

Gordon Allport 1897 - 1967 ratheeshthapasya

ALLPORT’S THEORY OF PERSONALITY : 

ALLPORT’S THEORY OF PERSONALITY TRAIT -BASIC UNIT OF PERSONALITY USED THE TERM PERSONAL DISPOSTION TO REPRESENT TRAIT A TRAIT IS MORE GENERALIZED THAN A HABIT A TRAIT IS DYNAMIC, OR AT LEAST DETERMINISTIC OF BEHAVIOR A TRAIT’S EXISTENCE MAY BE ESTABLISHED EMPIRICALLY ratheeshthapasya

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A TRAIT IS ONLY RELATIVELY INDEPENDENT OF OTHER TRAITS HE DISTINGUISHED THREE TYPES OF TRAITS 1. CARDINAL 2. CENTRAL 3. SECONDARY ratheeshthapasya

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PERSONALITY IS A DYANMIC ORGANISATION WITHIN THE INDIVIDUAL OF THOSE PSYCO-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS THAT DETERMINE HIS UNIQUE ADJUSTMENT TO HIS ENVIORNMENT PEROSNALITY IS AN ORGANISED WHOLE IT UNDERGOES CHANGES AND MODIFICATIONS ratheeshthapasya

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INCLUDES TWO SYSTEM 1 PSYCHOLOGICAL 2. PHYSICAL EACH INDIVIDUAL BEHAVES IN HIS OWN WAY. SO ADJUSTMENT IS UNIQUE. ratheeshthapasya

CARDINAL TRAITS : 

CARDINAL TRAITS PRIMARY TRAITS SO DOMINANT IN PERSONAL DISPOSTION THAT THEY COLOUR EVERY ASPECT OF ONES BEHAVIOR VERY RARE ONLY AFEW PEOPLE POSSESS THEM IT IS REFLECTS EACH AND EVERY ACTITVITY OF THE INDIVIUAL ratheeshthapasya

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OVERRULE OTHER TRAITS EG. HUMAROUS PERSON – BRINGS SENSE OF HUMOR MOST SITUATIONS ratheeshthapasya

CENTRAL TRAIT : 

CENTRAL TRAIT GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS THAT FORM THE BASIC FOUNATION OF THE PERSONALITY. NOT DOMINATING AS CARDINAL CHARACTERISTICS WHICH CAN BE USED TO DESCRIBE ONE’S PERSONALITY EG; HONESTY, KINDNESS ratheeshthapasya

SECONDARY TRAITS : 

SECONDARY TRAITS NOT DOMINANT AS CARDINAL OR CENTRAL CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO ONE’S PERFOMANCE AND ATTITUTES APPEAR ONLY IN SOME SITUATIONS RELATIVELY WEAK EG ; ANXIOUS TO SPEAK TO MASS ratheeshthapasya

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CARDINAL TRAINTS COMBINED WITH A FEW CENTRAL TRAITS FORM THE CORE OF CHARACTERISTIC TRAIT RESPONSIBLE FOR GIVING UNIQUENESS OT ONE’S PERSONALITY ratheeshthapasya

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THANKS…. ratheeshthapasya