Genre Study Guide

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Genre Study:

Genre Study Literary Text Informational Text Media Literacy

Literary Text:

Literary Text

Theme & Genre We study four genres under this heading here are some attributes: Fable, Folktales, Legend and Myth :

Theme & Genre We study four genres under this heading here are some attributes: Fable, Folktales, Legend and Myth Fable A fable is a story that teaches us a lesson which is also called a moral. Most but not all fables are stories having animal characters that talk like humans. Click to read some wonderful fables http :// /


Folktales A folk tale is a story or legend handed down from generation to generation usually by oral retelling. Folk tales often explain something that happens in nature or convey a certain truth about life . Click to find a library of Folktale Videos http :// /


Legend A traditional historical tale (or collection of related tales) popularly regarded as true but usually containing a mixture of fact and fiction. It tells an elaborated story of historical events or people . Legends are handed down from generations because they are considered important historical events of people . A subgenre of a legend would be Tall Tales. An example of a legend would be The Story of Robin Hood. An example of a tall tale would be Paul Bunyan.


Myths A traditional story explaining the original world and people through supernatural events. Myths involve characters that are gods, and goddesses, demigods, supernatural beings and other creatures. They seek to explain some aspect of the origin or manner of things, for example; where people came from . Myths are cultural in their origin and are connected to similar stories. An example of a myth would be Hercules. Click and learn about the Hero In Fiction http :// /

Fiction These types of stories have similar elements and attributes:

Fiction These types of stories have similar elements and attributes Realistic Fiction: The events, people, and places might be real, but the story is fiction . Historical Fiction: These stories usually take place in the past during an important event in history. Some settings and historical characters might be real, but the story line and main characters are made up.


Fiction Science Fiction: Uses scientific concepts as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. Many of these stories are set in the future with new innovations in science and technology . Fantasy : Uses magic and other supernatural phenomena as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. Many works within the genre take place in fictional worlds where magic is common.

Drama Elements and attributes:

Drama Elements and attributes A play’s plot is the series of events that make up the story. The time and place of the story are called the setting . Actors play the characters in the drama. The characters that actors play may be animals, fictional people, or people who actually lived. Characters speak for themselves with lines called dialogue Through the dialogue , the audience learns about the characters and the plot. Unlike dialogue in a story, dialogue in a play does not have quotation marks. Some characters have nonspeaking roles, but still perform important actions in the drama. Some plays have a narrator The narrator gives the audience information about what is happening in the play.


Drama People who write plays are called playwrights A playwright prepares a written text known as the script The script provides the dialogue of the play and describes the characters, setting, and actions in the drama. Playwrights often provide stage directions in their scripts. Stage directions are not meant to be spoken aloud. A stage direction may tell an actor how to move, speak, and act. Playwrights may write stage directions in italics or put them in brackets. Plays are often divided into parts called acts A play may have one act or several. Each act tells a different part of the story. Acts may be divided into smaller parts called scenes. In a new act or scene, he setting may change To bring a play to life on stage, actors use costumes, props, and sets. Costumes are the clothes that help actors look like their characters . Props are objects, such as a broom or book that actors use.


Poetry Poetry has many forms and shapes. Understanding the poets message is very important by analyzing and describing characteristics of structure, elements and forms of poetry the reader is able to visualize and understand the poem. By creating mental imagery as the reader read the poem will your understanding of the poets message.


Poetry Types of poetry Lyrical Narrative Humorous Free Verse Here are some Poetry resources: /

Nonfiction :

Nonfiction A biography is the story of a person’s life that is told by another person. Besides the basic facts, such as birthplace, education, work, relationships and death, a biography may include details of the person’s experiences with these events, as well as an analysis of their personality. Often times, a biography is written with the permission, cooperation, and, even the participation of either the person themselves, or a family member .


Nonfiction An autobiography is the story about the life of a person, written by that person. They tell facts about themselves in their own words, frequently sharing personal thoughts and feelings. Authors of biographies and autobiographies use figurative language, to include similes and metaphors, as well as sensory details and imagery, to help readers better imagine the places and events included in their stories. They may also use literary devices such as flashback to take the reader back to earlier events in the person’s life.

Sensory Language:

Sensory Language Authors use sensory language to further enhance their writings see descriptions below. Word Choice: descriptive adjectives, words that evoke emotion Imagery: appeals to senses (sight, touch, smell, taste, hear) Similes : Use like or as Examples: A s wise as an owl , or My love is like a red, red rose. Metaphors : Saying something is something else Examples: He is the shining star of our class. Your beauty is a rose petal Figurative Language: Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Alliteration , similes, metaphors, idioms, onomatopoeia, personification, hyperbole Click on link to find stories with wonderful sensory language /

Informational Text:

Informational Text


Persuasive ELEMENTS AND ATTRIBUTES OF PERSUASIVE: Author’s Position: How an author views a subject and how he or she views the argument. Persuade: To convince readers to agree with an author’s position. Causality: Is a tool authors use to make an argument. The author may try to show that one event can cause another event to happen. Comparison: Is another tool that authors use to make an argument. The author may try to show how ideas are similar in the argument. Exaggeration : When an author’s position is not well conveyed, it could be due to the fact that the author is making an issue bigger than it really is. Contradictions: When an author’s position once again is not well conveyed due to the fact that the author is making two statements that contradict one another.

Culture and History:

Culture and History ELEMENTS AND ATTRIBUTES OFCULTURAL AND HISTORICAL TEXT : Cultural and historical texts explains past events involving human beings to include the social, culture and political environment in which they live. Some places we can find culture and historical texts are textbooks, encyclopedias , journals, diaries, biographies, autobiographies, magazines , and online resources. Expository elements: Title , introduction, headings , subheadings , definitions, visuals (graphs and pictures), chapter summary Introduction: gives summary about the topic of the chapter Headings: m ajor t opic of the paragraphs that follow; definitions included ; facts presented; visuals for support Summary : key points of all the sections Dates : key time frames Timeline : denotes facts in order of occurrence Chronological Order: what happens first, second, etc. Culture: the beliefs, behaviors, customs and traditions of a group of people Click and j oin the Culture Quest: / J

Expository Text:

Expository Text ELEMENTS AND ATTRIBUTES OF INFORMATIONAL/EXPOSITORY TEXT: Expository text can vary in nature. Some common formats of expository writing include the following: How To Manuals, definitions, descriptions, classifications, or comparisons. Places where we find expository text: textbooks, encyclopedias, scientific books/journals, atlases, directions, guides, biographies or newspapers. Expository elements: title, introduction, headings, subheadings, definitions , visuals (graphs and pictures), chapter summary Introduction: gives summary about the topic of the chapter Headings : topic of the paragraphs that follow; definitions included; facts presented; visuals for support Summary : key points of all the sections Click and read some interesting expository texts: http :// /

Procedural Text:

Procedural Text ELEMENTS AND ATTRIBUTES OF PROCEDURAL TEXT : Procedural texts list a sequence of actions or steps needed to make or do something. E xamples include recipes, science experiments, assembly manuals or instructions for playing games. After stating the goal, procedural texts list the materials needed to start the procedure. Next, is a list of steps to follow to complete the procedure. If the steps are in paragraph form, look for sequence words such as first, next, then, and last. Procedural texts may present information in graphic form, maps, Illustrations and diagrams. Charts and tables make complicated information easier to read.

Media Literacy:

Media Literacy ELEMENTS AND ATTRIBUTES OF MEDIA LITERACY: Media literacy provides the avenues to enhance your critical and creative abilities As you access, analyze, and evaluate information you will begin to ask questions about what you are reading, hearing and watching. Media literacy helps you create and participate in various forms and mediums – from print to video to the Internet. Understanding the role of media in society as well as essential skills of self-expression necessary for citizens of a democracy.

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