internet banking

Category: Education

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Internet Ban king Presented by- Ranjeet Kumar Yadav

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What is Internet banking? A system allowing individuals to perform banking activities at home, via the internet. The automated delivery of new and traditional banking products and services directly to customers through electronic, interactive communication channels. Some online banks are traditional banks which also offer online banking, while others are online only and have no physical presence.

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Development of E-banking The concept of Internet banking has been simultaneously evolving with the development of the world wide web. Programmers working on banking data bases came up with ideas for online banking transactions, some time during the 1980's. The online shopping promoted the use of credit cards through Internet. The first online banking service in United States was introduced, in October 1994.

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Development of E-banking Contd… The service was developed by Stanford Federal Credit Union, which is a financial institution. In May 1995 : Wells Fargo - the first bank in the world to offer customer access to their accounts over the internet(allows customer to see their accounts online) ‏ The online banking services are becoming more and more prevalent due to the well developed systems

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Development of E-banking in India ICICI was the first bank to initiate the Internet banking revolution in India as early as 1997 under the brand name 'Infinity‘. ICICI Bank kicked off online banking way back in 1996 . But even for the Internet as a whole, 1996 to 1998 marked the adoption phase, while usage increased only in 1999- due to lower ISP online charges, increased PC penetration and a tech-friendly atmosphere

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RBI & E-Banking The Reserve Bank of India constituted a working group on Internet Banking. The group divided the internet banking products in India into 3 types based on the levels of access granted. They are:- i) Information Only System:  ii) Electronic Information Transfer System:   iii) Fully Electronic Transactional System:

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Information Only System General purpose information like interest rates, branch location, bank products and their features, loan and deposit calculations are provided in the banks website. There exist facilities for downloading various types of application forms. The communication is normally done through e-mail.

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Contd.. There is no interaction between the customer and bank's application system. No identification of the customer is done. In this system, there is no possibility of any unauthorized person getting into production systems of the bank through internet.

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Electronic Information Transfer System The system provides customer- specific information in the form of account balances, transaction details, and statement of accounts. The information is still largely of the 'read only'  format. Identification and authentication of the customer is through password. The information is fetched from the bank's application system either in batch mode or off-line. The application systems cannot directly access through the internet.

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Fully Electronic Transactional System This system allows bi-directional capabilities. Transactions can be submitted by the customer for online update. This system requires high degree of security and control. In this environment, web server and application systems are linked over secure infrastructure. It comprises  technology covering computerization, networking and security, inter-bank payment gateway and legal infrastructure .

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Automated Teller Machine (ATM) ‏ ATM is designed to perform the most important function of bank. It is operated by plastic card with its special features. The plastic card is replacing cheque, personal attendance of the customer, banking hours restrictions and paper based verification

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Service Provided By SBI Self-account funds transfer across India. Third party transfers in the same branch New account opening New Cheque-book request Railway tickets booking Utility bill payments LIC and other insurance premium payments Credit card dues payments Deposit your taxes Donations to Red Cross and such other organisations State Bank Of India

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Advantages of E-banking Benefits for Banks Benefits for Small to Medium Businesses Benefits for Customers

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B Larger customer coverage Reducing the costs of operations Promoting their services and products internationally Increasing the customer satisfaction and providing a personalized relationship with customers Benefits for Banks

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Benefits for Small to Medium Businesses To run its operations more effectively Lower cost than traditional financial management mechanisms

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Benefits for Customers Convenience 24 hours a day, seven days a week Cost Reducing transfer fees Speed Faster circulation of assets Competitiveness - Fostering competition in financial market Communicate easily Abolishing the uses of paper Offering one-stop-shop solutions

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Disadvantages OF E-banking A need for customer skill to deal with computers and browsers. Many people who are not comfortable with computers and the Internet, often find it difficult to use internet banking For beginners, internet banking is really time consuming In many instances, a simple mistake, like clicking a wrong button, may create a big problem.

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Security Risk Increasing number of fraudulent bank websites For Eg. A suspicious bank Original bank Fake emails purporting to be sent from banks Email send from Fraudulent bank Verify the personal information Guide customer enter the fraud link Disclosing their ATM card numbers and their passwords

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Persecutions For Bank Should provide specific guidance to their customers Should take the adequate measures to ward off any problems related to the security of internet banking Online banking tutorials should be provided to help familiarize people with internet banking

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Persecutions For Customers Should not disclose their customer IDs (e.g., account numbers) or passwords to anyone else. Periodically change their passwords Should promptly log out from the service Should regularly check their account balances and statements to identify unusual transactions.

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